PM Aatmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana: All you need to know!

PM Aatmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana aims at developing the capacities of the primary, secondary, and tertiary health sector.

Created On: Feb 2, 2021 13:18 ISTModified On: Feb 2, 2021 13:18 IST
PM Aatmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana

The Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on February 1, 2021, announced a centrally sponsored scheme- Pradhan Mantri Aatmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana under Union Budget 2021. The scheme is with an outlay of Rs. 64,180 crores over the period of six years.

The Budget 2021 was the first to be presented in the Parliament, after the coronavirus outbreak. With major investments to strengthen healthcare, it saw an emphasis on the healthcare infrastructure along with research and on the establishment of hi-tech laboratories.

The Union Finance Minister before mentioning the scheme in the Parliament stated that the investment in health infrastructure has been increased in this budget substantially. She added that while taking a holistic approach to health, the government focuses on strengthening three areas- Preventive, Curative, and well-being.

Objective:

PM Aatmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana aims at developing the capacities of the primary, secondary, and tertiary health sector.

The scheme will focus on strengthening the existing national institutions as well as create new institutions for detecting and curing new and emerging diseases. It will be an addition to NHM- National Health Mission.

PM Aatmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana: Major interventions under the scheme

The scheme will provide support for 17,788 rural and 11,024 Urban health and wellness centres

Establishing integrated public health labs in all the districts and setting up 3,382 public health units in 11 states

Setting up critical care hospital blocks in 12 central institutions and 602 districts

Strengthening the National Centre for Disease Control, its 5 regional branches as well as 20 metropolitan health surveillance units

The scheme will expand the Integrated Health Information Portal to all the UTs and states to connect all public health labs

It will work on the operationalization of the 17 new Public Health Units. The scheme will also strengthen 33 existing Public Health Units at the Points of entry, that is at 11 seaports, 32 airports, and 7 land crossings

Establishing 2 mobile hospitals and 15 Health Emergency Operation Centres

Establishment of a national institution for One Health, a Regional Research Platform for Southeast Asia Region of WHO, 4 regional National Institutes for Virology, and 9 Bio-Safety Level III laboratories.

Increase in the expenditure on Health and Wellbeing sector:

As the budget 2021 majorly emphasized the health infrastructure, there has been an 82% increase in the health sector outlay over the budget of 2020-2021. The funds for the health and family welfare have been increased from Rs. 65,011.8 crores in 2020-21 to Rs. 71,268.77 crores in 2021-22. For the health research, on the other hand, the government investment has been increased from Rs. 2,100 crores to Rs. 2,663 crores.

While talking about the increased investment in the health sector, the Union Health Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan stated this step emphasizes the government’s commitment to enhance the health capacity of the country.

He added that when India started its fight against the Coronavirus pandemic, the country had only one laboratory, the National Institute of Virology, Pune, where tests can be conducted. But under the new Pradhan Mantri Aatmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana, four such regional NIVs will be established.

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