CLAT 2017

CLAT 2016 is conducted by Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law (RGNUL) Patiala on May 8, 2016. The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is the most coveted law entrance exam for admissions to as many as 2252 seats in five-year integrated law programmes including BA LLB, B.Com LLB and B.Sc LLB and is conducted every year by a National Law University (NLU) among the 17 member NLUs of the CLAT Committee, by rotation in the order of their establishment.

About CLAT Exam

CLAT exam is a single unified entrance exam test for the reputed law schools in India. The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is an all India entrance examination, conducted on rotation by 17 National Law Universities (NLUs) for admissions to their Under-Graduate and Post-Graduate degree programmes.

Law course post 12th has shot into prominence in past few years owing to rapidly changing Indian corporate scenario and legal structure. Degree from any of the NLUs can be well compared in reputation to the engineering domain's IITs and NITs. Respect, placements and opportunities available today in field of law are as coveted as any one graduating from IITs or IIMs.

Law as a career takes loads of hard work and dedication. It requires lot of patience and logical skills to become a successful lawyer. Initially fresh lawyers face many problems in their profession as is true of every other profession. It is always considered great if one trains under a Senior expert or Counsel in the beginning of career. This is not to say that newbie’s cannot make it own their own. Anything is possible with determination and of course, hard work. Great communication skills and a faculty for critical analysis and articulation are pre-requisites for lawyers. Therefore, one should analyze these points before opting for law as a career.

Law has been one of the popular career choices in our country for a long time. In India it is witnessed that generation to generation people have been associated with this profession from the same family. A Lawer is defined as someone who is skilled in the 'circumvention of the law' by Ambrose Bierce . The lawyers are expert of law who is adept at finding 'loopholes' in the system.

Traditionally, students could specialize in either civil or criminal laws. However, this concept has changed and now students can opt to specialize in any of the various options offered like Environment law, patent laws, corporate laws, etc. A degree in law not only lets you practice as a lawyer in the courts in the company but also opens up career options in sectors like corporate management, legal services and administrative services.

Students interested in making a career in law can either do a three-year law course after graduation in any discipline or a 5 years’ course after 12th class. In fact, the 3 years’ course is now giving way to the 5 years’ one which is seen as a better option. In most cases, colleges run the 3 years’ course only for those whose main discipline in graduation is something other than law, or working professionals who want to do an LLB as an additional qualification. The five year course is meant for those who want to take up law as a career – be it as a litigator, or any other kind of legal professional.

The LLB course is regulated by the Bar Council of India which sets rules and regulations regarding legal practice in the country. Any specialization is done at masters, MPhil or PhD stage. A higher degree helps candidates get jobs in academics.

In 2008 only 8,000 candidates sat in this exam but in 2015, about 42,500 students sat for it. And it is expected to exponentially in coming years. Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) initiated for the convenience of the students seeking admission to various National Law Universities in the country. An entrance test is conducted to provide a list of candidates on the basis of ‘merit-cum-preference’ to each University for admission to their UG/PG programmes, as per the eligibility, reservation and other criteria laid down under the respective statutes of the participating Universities.

Participatory Universities under CLAT

The 17 participating NLUs in the order of their year of establishment are:

1. National Law School of India University, Bangalore (NLSIU)
2. National Academy of Legal Study and Research University of Law, Hyderabad (NALSAR)
3. The National Law Institute University, Bhopal(NLIU)
4. The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata (WBNUJS)
5. National Law University, Jodhpur (NLUJ)
6. Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur (HNLU)
7. Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar (GNLU)
8. Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow (RMLNLU)
9. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab (RGNUL)
10. Chanakya National Law University, Patna (CNLU)
11. The National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi (NUALS)
12. National Law University Odisha, Cuttack (NLUO)
13. National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi (NUSRL)
14. National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam (NLUJAA)
15. Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Visakhapatnam (DSNLU)
16. Tamil Nadu National Law School, Tiruchirappalli (TNNLS)
17. Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai (MNLU)

Total No. of Seats:

According to the CLAT-2016 notification, the total seats at All India level is 1442, State Category Seats- 566, Special Category Seats-244, over all total no. of seats- 2252. The no. of seats is subject to change every year.

Apart from 17 NLU, some of the corporate also uses CLAT score to hire the professional. Following are the list of organizations / Public Sector Units (PSUs) who are having MoU with CLAT to use CLAT score of Post Graduate students for recruitment purposes. For further details, you may visit the website of concerned PSUs.

1. National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC)
2. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC)
3. Power Grid Corporation of India Limited

Other Institute Using CLAT Score

The following institutions are having Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Common Law Admission Test for using CLAT score for admission purposes in their respective Institutions. The list is not exhaustive and the MoU of other Institutions are under consideration.

1. Galgotias University, Greater Noida, U.P.
2. Indore Institute of Law, Indore
3. Lloyd Law College, Greater Noida, U.P.
4. Manipal University, Jaipur
5. RNB Global University, Bikaner
6. Shri Vaishnav Institute of Law, Indore
7. SRM University, Delhi-NCR, Sonipat

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CLAT 2016 Result

CLAT exam is a single unified entrance exam test for the reputed law schools in India. The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is an all India entrance examination, conducted on rotation by 17 National Law Universities (NLUs) for admissions to their Under-Graduate and Post-Graduate degree programmes.

On 22nd May, CLAT-2016 result has been announced for its UG and PG admission. CLAT 2016 result can be checked by logging on the website Admission to the participating NLU (National Law University ) will be based on this result.

Check Result:

Result can be checked by giving your credentials on the following link:

Credential Required:

  1. Registered email ID
  2. Password

Viraj Ananth of Bengaluru has topped the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT), results for which were declared on Sunday. He obtained 174.5 marks in his first attempt. Here is his scorecard:

Score Card

CLAT 2016 Cutoffs:

CLAT 2016 cutoffs have not been published, because there are no minimum marks set by the CLAT to eligible for admission. Admission is entirely based on the respective category and performance in that category. But to get an idea about this year cutoff, you may check the cutoffs of last year CLAT 2015. You may also check the expected CLAT 2016 cutoffs here.

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CLAT Exam Analysis-2016

On May 8, 2016, CLAT 2016 exam was conducted as per the plan and pattern. You can check the pattern here  As per the students’ feedback and from the expert’s view, the difficulty level of CLAT-2016 was of easy to moderate. So, if you have prepared well for this exam, then it should be a cakewalk for you!

Coming to the overall 5 sections under CLAT-2016, The Numerical Ability section or Mathematics had the lowest weightage overall, questions were lengthy, time consuming and tricky which can consume much time. But the experts from this fields are claiming that CLAT-2016 was one of the most easy to crack paper. Therefore cutoff for this may touch all time high.

Here is the Subject wise Analysis of CLAT-2016.

Legal Aptitude: The questions were relatively easy compared to last year question.  Out of the 50 questions, 15 were from Legal GK, and 35 were Principle- Facts questions. All the questions from legal reasoning only had a single principle and were easy to answer. The questions were a mix from contracts, torts and criminal law. Even the options were pretty simple to pick so as to not confuse the students. Questions from Constitutional Amendments, and  Niti Aayog have been asked. Overall it seems if you have attempted 40-45 questions, its time to relax.

Logical Reasoning: This section too was moderate; some of the question were lengthy also. The questions were based on Statement Assumption, Cause and Effect, Analogy, Odd Word Out, Syllogism, Logical consistency. There was one question on visual reasoning as well wherein there were a set of four squares with a pattern, we had to guess the fifth, though the official syllabus has specifically excluded that. Those who practiced from the past papers, would have find this section easy. An attempt of 30- 35 questions and an overall score of around 30 would be good.

English: This section had 1 Reading Comprehension passage and the rest of the questions were on English Usage. The topics of the questions were Grammar (Proposition, Verb, Adjective, Adverb), Fill in the blanks, Idioms & Phrases, and Spellings. Some of the questions also asked from English meaning word, which were very easy. An attempt of 35-38 would be considered safe.

GK: The difficulty level was easy to moderate. 90% questions mostly followed the mainstream current affairs news only. Those students, who did follow the newspapers would have performed very well in this section and would be fairly comfortable while solving this section. Most of the questions were easy and direct.

The following questions came in the CLAT 2016 paper (memory based):

  1. International Consumer Rights’ Day? March 15th
  2. Minimum qualification for Panchayati election upheld by which state? Haryana
  3. Which state was to first to make gender education compulsory? Telangana
  4. Who won Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna 2015? Sania Mirza
  5. Maximum number of smokeless villages? Karnataka
  6. Who lit the Olympic torch in Greece ahead of the Olympic Games 2016? Katerina Lehou
  7. Chairman of National Green Tribunal? Justice Swatenter Kumar
  8. Femina Miss India 2016 Who is going to represent India in the global competition? Priyadarshini Chaterjee
  9. First ever woman gymnast from India to qualify for Olympics? Dipa Karmarkar

10.  Chairman of National Human Rights Commission? HL Dattu

11.  What is Mars called? Red Planet

12.  How many redundant laws were recently repealed? 1053

13.  What was the 100th Amendment to the Constitution? Exchange of certain enclave territories with Bangladesh

14.  Chairperson of NITI Aayog? Narendra Modi

15.  First blind-friendly railway station in India? Mysore

16.  Where did India sign the Paris deal? New York, USA

17.  Paris Conference was signed in which month? December 2015

18.  Currency of Thailand? Thai Baht

19.  Punjabi is in which no. in usage in Canadian Parliament? 3rd

20.  First developed nation to default on an International Monetary Fund loan? Greece

21.  First parliament to run fully on solar power? Pakistan

22.  Indomitable Spirit was written by? APJ Abdul Kalam

23.  Fastest planet that revolves around the sun? Mercury

24.  PAN required for transactions that exceed the amount of? Rs. 200000

25.  What is ‘Start Up India’ for? Entrepreneurs activity and promotion

26.  What is Setu Bharatam scheme? Project aims to make all highways free of railway crossings.

27.  Who won a medal in long jump – Mayookah Johnny

28.  Beyond the lines – An Autobiography – Kuldeep Nayar

29.  Crime and Punishment is a book by – Fyodor Dostoyevsky

30.  Which three states will have election in a single session on may 2016 – Puducherry, Tamil and Kerela

As you can see, almost all the questions have been asked in this section is Current Affairs. Therefore if you have attempted between 150-165 questions with good accuracy, you may get a call for admission.

Maths: This section was tricky and lengthiest of all. Questions were from Simple Interest, Ratio, Percentage, Probability, Averages, Profit and Loss, Clocks, etc. Attempt should have been around 12- 14, with a score of around 10. Nevertheless, this paper was a breeze of fresh air after the CLAT 2015 paper. Almost everyone was happy after the exam. Considering the paper, an attempt of around questions would be good. The paper with the answer key would be released on 12th May.

Expected Cut Offs:

Seeing the questions and feedback from various students who appeared in this exam, cut off  would scale the height betwwn 140-150. But if you have scored 130, there need not be worried. Out of many NLUs you may get the chance.


All the Best, and keep Calm!


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Eligibility Criteria

For UG Programme:

The seventeen NLUs offer five-year integrated Under-Graduate law courses leading to the
award of a degree in Law as per their respective nomenclature.

1. Passed 10+2 or equivalent examination with the minimum of :-

  • Forty-five percent(45%) marks in case of candidates belonging to Unreserved/OBC/(Specially Able Persons) Categories and
  • Forty percent(40%) marks in case of candidates belonging to SC/ST Category

2. Candidates who are appearing in the qualifying examination in April/May 2016 are also eligible for appearing in CLAT-2016 examination. However, they shall be required to produce an evidence of their passing the qualifying examination at the time of admission, failing which they shall lose their right to be considered for admission.

3. No upper age limit

For PG Programme:

The information pertaining to the LL.M. degree course offered at the various NLUs along with the course duration and the specializations offered has been provided in detail under the respective sections of each University’s website and information brochure. The candidates are advised to check the websites of the respective Universities from time to time to keep themselves updated with any change in the course structure or other details.

1. LL.B. or equivalent degree in law examination with a minimum of 55% marks in case of Unreserved/OBC/(Specially abled persons) categories and 50% marks in case of SC/ST category

2. Candidates who are appearing in the qualifying examination in March/April 2016 are also eligible for appearing in CLAT-2016 examination. However they shall be required to produce evidence of their passing the qualifying examination in the respective National Law Universities at the time of admission failing which they shall lose their right to be considered for admission.

3. No upper age limit.

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Exam Pattern and Syllabus

For Undergraduate Programme

  • Maximum Marks : 200
  • Duration of Examination : 2 Hours
  • Total Number of Questions : 200

1. English including Comprehension:                  40 Marks
2. General Knowledge and Current Affairs:          50 Marks
3. Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability):    20 Marks
4. Legal Aptitude:                                            50 Marks
5. Logical Reasoning:                                       40 Marks

Note: 0.25 marks will be deducted for every wrong answer

1. English including comprehension

English is a predictable section which has a comprehension passage, questions on usage of grammar, error detection and sentence sequencing. Candidates will be questioned on their understanding of the passage and its central theme, meanings of words used therein etc. The grammar section requires correction of incorrect grammatical sentences, filling of blanks in sentences with appropriate words, etc. A separate section on vocabulary based on Latin legal terms can also be expected. The difficulty level could range from simple to moderate level.

2. General Knowledge and Currents Affairs

The General Knowledge section includes questions both from current affairs and static general knowledge. Questions on current affairs will test candidates on their knowledge of national and international current affairs.

3. Mathematics

The Mathematical Ability segment tests the candidate’s knowledge on elementary mathematics, i.e. math’s taught up to 10th Standard. The questions are based on time and work, time and distance, averages, simple and compound interest, ratio and proportion, etc. The difficulty level anticipated is only moderate.

4. Legal Aptitude

This section will test candidate’s interest towards study of law, research aptitude and problem solving ability. Questions carry a legal principle, a factual situation and four options. Students are expected to apply the given legal principle and arrive at the appropriate answer. Some propositions may not be “true” in the real sense, candidates will have to assume the “truth” of these propositions and answer the questions accordingly. If a technical/legal term is used in the question, that term will be explained in the question itself. For example, if the word patent is used, the meaning of Intellectual Property (“refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce.”) will also be explained. Legal Aptitude book has been divided into three main chapter, each dealing with one area of law, namely, law of Torts, Law of Contact, criminal law each chapter, discusses the area of law and its related principles, most of these legal principles have appeared in one form or another in the previous entrance tests.

5. Logical Reasoning

The purpose of the logical reasoning section is to test the candidate’s ability to identify patterns, logical links and rectify illogical arguments. In Logical Reasoning, you can expect an array of questions on puzzles and syllogisms and analytical reasoning and analytical reasoning-based questions. A standard level of questions should be anticipated. However, visual reasoning will not be tested.

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Notifications and Cut Offs

This exam requires online submission of form through Before filling the online form a candidate must understand the eligibility criteria, and keep the required documents with themselves. Candidates are also advised to read the instructions carefully before filling the Online Application Form. The candidates have to follow these five steps for filling the application form:

1. Do Registration using “Register Yourself” (
2. Fill the online application form.
3. Upload photograph, signature, birth certificate and category certificate.
4. Pay the application fee either by ONLINE/OFFLINE mode.
5. Download previous year question papers.

Information/Document Required for a candidate to apply online:

1. Personal information (name, E-mail address, mobile number, date of birth, parent’s name, parent’s mobile number, etc.)
2. Address for communication (including PIN code)
3. Essential Qualification details (Percentage of marks/CGPA, University/college information)
4. Programme in which the candidate wishes to appear (UG Course or PG Course)
5. Three choices of CLAT examination cities
6. Front facing Passport size clear photograph of the Candidate with clear lenses (30mm x 45 mm) [JPG Format, size not more than 100 kb].
7. Signature of candidate [JPG Format, size not more than 100 kb]
8. Scanned copy of SC/ST/SAP Certificates in pdf format only (if applicable)
9. Scanned copy of Domicile Category in pdf format only (if applicable)
10. Net banking login and password to make the application fee payment via online net banking mode. In case the payment is to be made through debit card/credit card, then the candidate is required to have the information like debit card/credit card number, password, CVV number etc.

Admission Procedure

The admission to UG and PG programme in participating universities under CLAT exam shall be done through centralised counselling conducted by CLAT office. The basis of allotment of seats shall be ‘merit-cum-preference’. That is, CLAT score and order of preference given by the candidate in the CLAT application form. Online counselling shall start after the declaration of CLAT Exam results. The entire procedure shall be completed as per the CLAT calendar which is available on CLAT website.

The stepwise procedure which shall be adopted by CLAT office after declaration of result for admission is as follows:

Publication of first indicative list based on merit cum preference: The university-wise first indicative list based on merit-cum-preference will be published on CLAT website.

Payment of counselling fee and exercising of option by provisionally selected candidates: A specified number of candidates from various categories will be allowed to participate in the counselling process against actual number of seats available with participating NLUs. The provisionally selected candidates must deposit the requisite counselling fee of 50,000/-.

The adjustable counselling fee of 50,000/- deposited with the CLAT office will be transferred to the respective participating NLU where the candidate has finally taken admission after the completion of the entire admission process. The candidates failing to deposit the requisite counselling fee through the CLAT website by the specified date will lose their right to be considered for admission under CLAT-2016 and their names will be dropped from the CLAT-2016 merit list. The candidates have to reserve their seats after paying the counselling fee by following the procedure prescribed in counselling guidelines given on the CLAT-2016 website.

Publication of second list having the names of finalized candidates after payment of counselling fee and additional waitlisted candidates: The CLAT office shall publish a second list of candidates who have paid their counselling fee and reserved their seat in the participating NLUs.

A list of waitlisted candidates will also be released in the second list who are provisionally selected against dropped out candidates, if any. The additional candidates are also required to pay the requisite counselling fee of 50,000/- and reserve their seat within the prescribed time period as per the CLAT calendar.

The provisionally selected candidates can withdraw from the admission process within stipulated time as per the CLAT calendar.A nominal fee of Rupees 10,000/- will be deducted from the deposited counselling fee. Any withdrawal after the stipulated period will result in forfeiture of entire amount of counselling fee.

Publication of third list allotting seats to candidates: The CLAT office shall publish a comprehensive third allotment list of candidates who have paid their counselling fee and reserved their seat in the participating NLUs. The comprehensive list shall include the name of candidates who have paid the counselling fee against the first and second indicative list.

A list of waitlisted candidates will also be released along with the third allotment list who are provisionally selected against dropped out candidates. These candidates are also required to pay the requisite counselling fee and reserve their seat within the prescribed time period as per the CLAT calendar.

Completion of admission formalities at the allotted NLUs : After the candidates are finally allotted seats in participating NLUs, they will be required to approach the allotted NLU with the balance amount towards the admission and other fees.

The candidates will also have to carry relevant certificates/documents in original issued by the competent authority in support of the various claims made by the candidates, during the scheduled periods given in CLAT-2016 calendar and complete their admission formalities.

The certificates in original will be checked by the respective universities at the time of their admission. (For detailed information/updates about the scheduled dates, the candidates must refer to CLAT-2016 calendar as updated from time to time).

The candidates not possessing the required certificates/documents in original or failing to meet the eligibility requirements will not be allowed to seek admission in participating NLUs.

The candidates seeking admission under various categories specially those belonging to the reserved categories such as SC/ST/OBC/Specially abled person/DFF/NRI and the unreserved category candidates seeking admission under state domicile category, will be required to obtain the relevant and authentic certificates/documents from the competent authorities and produce the same at the time of admission in the concerned NLU.

Those candidates who fail to report at the allotted NLU after the publication of CLAT merit list and fail to complete the admission formalities as per CLAT-2016 calendar will automatically lose their claim for admission and their entire amount of the counselling fee of 50,000/- will be forfeited.

Important dates related to CLAT 2016

1. Date of Issue of First Admission Notification: 14th December, 2015 (Monday)
2. Starting date for submission of online application form alongwith order of preferences for NLUs:  1st January, 2016 (Friday)
3. Last date for submission of filled-in online application form alongwith order of preferences for NLUs: 31st March, 2016 (Thursday) till 11.59 PM
4. Download of Admit Cards/Hall Tickets: From 15th April, 2016 (Friday)
5. Date of CLAT – 2016 Online examination: 8th May, 2016 (Sunday) 3:00 PM to 5:00 PM
6. Declaration of results, i.e., issue of Merit List (Category-wise): 23nd May, 2016 (Monday)

                                 Previous year Cutoffs


 2015 Cutoff

2014 Cutoff






















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Tips and Strategy

According to the expert and the students who have cracked this examination convincingly,  following four points is must-to-do for all candidates.

Planning: The first and simple strategy to crack this exam is planning. You must have heard “One who fails to plan, plans to fail”. Hence you must plan your study in advance. If you are really excited and willing to join one of the top Law Universities in India, you must gear yourself from 12th class onwards. Minimum 1 year hard core preparation would fetch you good marks and hence all India ranking. For this the candidate must develop the skill/habit to read at least one English daily newspaper (The Hindu/Indian Express preferable). It not only improves the candidate’s general awareness which is highly desirable for this exam, but also it makes them confident.

Selective study: The second step is selective study. As a candidate you must understand the difference between smart work and hard work. It means you don’t need to read everything and know everything. You must be selective in your approach which book and magazine to follow which is not.

Discipline: The third step is to formulate a roadmap till your exam. So that you would have the clear cut picture of your preparation level and exam date. A candidate is expected to have a disciplined way of study which means consistency and continuity.

Time Management: And the last but not the least is Time Management which is very essential. Try to practice the questions in a given time frame. You should also make a frame of mind that which section of question paper requires how much time.

In the mean time a candidate must follow the below guidelines for better improvement:

  • Identify your weaker area and try to strengthen it.
  • More brush up of your strong area.
  • Accordingly distribute time for each section depending upon the weightage in exam.
  • Revise and repeat the syllabus time and again.
  • Make the notes of current affairs for quick revision.

Reference Books/Magazine

To start preparation, there are many resources available in the market. Be it a coaching materials, class notes or books. But one must be choosy to smartly select and have the targeted approach. A candidate can also join coaching class for speedy understanding of some concepts in Maths, reasoning and English. In case a candidate wants to practice for the exam he/she can buy from some of the good available books.

  • Reasoning: Verbal and Non-Verbal reasoning by RS Aggrawal.
  • Mathematics : Arithmetic by RS Aggrawal
  • English: Made Easy by Norman Lewis, English is easy by Chetnanand Singh
  • One Practice Guide : Can buy any one from Kiran’s/Pierson’s/Universal’s etc
  • Legal Awareness and Legal Reasoning: There are many books available for CLAT entrance exam.
  • For GK/Current Affairs: Religiously follow’s daily current affairs. For GK Lucent General Knowledge book.
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