Common Law Admission Test
Exam Mode : Online
Exam was from : 28 Sep 2020 - 28 Sep 2020 (*tentative)

CLAT Overview

16 Nov 2021 12:38:34 PM

The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is an all India entrance examination, conducted on rotation by 23 National Law Universities (NLUs) for admissions to their Under-Graduate and Post-Graduate degree programmes.

The Consortium of National Law Universities has released the examination dates for the 20222-23 and 2023-24 sessions.  According to the dates provided on the official website, the CLAT 2022 examinations will be conducted on May 8, 2022, while the CLAT 2021 examinations will be conducted on December 18, 2022.  Those who wish to appear for the CLAT examinations in 2022 and 2023 can visit the official website for further CLAT-related updates. 

Exam Session / Year

CLAT 2022 Exam Date

8th May 2022

CLAT 2023 Exam Date

18th December 2022

CLAT exam is a single unified entrance exam test for the reputed law schools in India. The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is an all-India entrance examination, conducted on rotation by 23  National Law Universities (NLUs) for admissions to their Under-Graduate and Post-Graduate degree programmes.

Law course post 12th has shot into prominence in the past few years owing to the rapidly changing Indian corporate scenario and legal structure. Degree from any of the NLUs can be well compared in reputation to the engineering domain's IITs and NITs. Respect, placements, and opportunities available today in the field of law are as coveted as anyone graduating from IITs or IIMs.

Law as a career takes loads of hard work and dedication. It requires a lot of patience and logical skills to become a successful lawyer. Initially, fresh lawyers face many problems in their profession as is true of every other profession. It is always considered great if one trains under a Senior expert or Counsel at the beginning of a career. This is not to say that newbies cannot make it on their own. Anything is possible with determination and of course, hard work. Great communication skills and a faculty for critical analysis and articulation are pre-requisites for lawyers. Therefore, one should analyze these points before opting for law as a career.

Law has been one of the popular career choices in our country for a long time. In India, it is witnessed that generation to generation people have been associated with this profession from the same family. A Lawer is defined as someone who is skilled in the 'circumvention of the law' by Ambrose Bierce. The lawyers are expert of law who is adept at finding 'loopholes in the system.

Traditionally, students could specialize in either civil or criminal laws. However, this concept has changed and now students can opt to specialize in any of the various options offered like Environment law, patent laws, corporate laws, etc. A degree in law not only lets you practice as a lawyer in the courts in the company but also opens up career options in sectors like corporate management, legal services and administrative services.

Students interested in making a career in law can either do a three-year law course after graduation in any discipline or a 5 years’ course after 12th class. In fact, the 3 years’ course is now giving way to the 5 years’ one which is seen as a better option. In most cases, colleges run the 3 years course only for those whose main discipline in graduation is something other than law, or working professionals who want to do an LLB as an additional qualification. The five-year course is meant for those who want to take up law as a career – be it as a litigator, or any other kind of legal professional.

The LLB course is regulated by the Bar Council of India which sets rules and regulations regarding legal practice in the country. Any specialization is done at the master, MPhil or Ph.D. stage. A higher degree helps candidates get jobs in academics.

In 2008 only 8,000 candidates sat in this exam but in 2015, about 42,500 students sat for it. And it is expected to exponentially in coming years. Common-Law Admission Test (CLAT) was initiated for the convenience of the students seeking admission to various National Law Universities in the country. An entrance test is conducted to provide a list of candidates on the basis of ‘merit-cum-preference’ to each University for admission to their UG/PG programmes, as per the eligibility, reservation and other criteria laid down under the respective statutes of the participating Universities.

Participatory Universities under CLAT

The 19 participating NLUs in the order of their year of establishment are:

  1. National Law School of India University, Bangalore (NLSIU)
    2. National Academy of Legal Study and Research University of Law, Hyderabad (NALSAR)
    3. The National Law Institute University, Bhopal(NLIU)
    4. The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata (WBNUJS)
    5. National Law University, Jodhpur (NLUJ)
    6. Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur (HNLU)
    7. Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar (GNLU)
    8. Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow (RMLNLU)
    9. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab (RGNUL)
    10. Chanakya National Law University, Patna (CNLU)
    11. The National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi (NUALS)
    12. National Law University Odisha, Cuttack (NLUO)
    13. National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi (NUSRL)
    14. National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam (NLUJAA)
    15. Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Visakhapatnam (DSNLU)
    16. Tamil Nadu National Law School, Tiruchirappalli (TNNLS)
    17. Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai (MNLU)

Total No. of Seats

According to the CLAT notification, the total seats at the All India level is 1442, State Category Seats- 566, Special Category Seats-244, overall total no. of seats- 2252. The no. of seats is subject to change every year.

Apart from 17 NLU, some of the corporates also use CLAT scores to hire professional. Following is the list of organizations / Public Sector Units (PSUs) who are having MoU with CLAT to use the CLAT score of Post Graduate students for recruitment purposes. For further details, you may visit the website of concerned PSUs.

1. National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC)
2. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC)
3. Power Grid Corporation of India Limited

Other Institute Using CLAT Score

The following institutions are having a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Common Law Admission Test for using CLAT score for admission purposes in their respective Institutions. The list is not exhaustive and the MoU of other Institutions is under consideration.

1. Galgotias University, Greater Noida, U.P.
2. Indore Institute of Law, Indore
3. Lloyd Law College, Greater Noida, U.P.
4. Manipal University, Jaipur
5. RNB Global University, Bikaner
6. Shri Vaishnav Institute of Law, Indore
7. SRM University, Delhi-NCR, Sonipat

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