Some several thousand years ago there once thrived a civilization in the Indus Valley. Located in what's now Pakistan and western India, it was the earliest known urban culture of the Indian subcontinent. (1) The Indus Valley Civilization, as it is called, covered an area the size of Western Europe. It was the largest of the four ancient civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, India and China. However, of all these civilizations the least is known about the Indus Valley people.
There are two prominent sites which are found in Gujarat are Lothal (Ahmedabad) and Dholavira (kutch). Lothal Discovered in 1954 was excavated from 13 February 1955 to 19 May 1960 by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Dholavira was excavated by RS Bisht of ASI and his team in 1990. This city was located where there was fresh water and fertile soil in the Rann of Kutch.