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General Geography & Physical Features

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Indus Water Treaty (IWT): Water-Sharing Agreement

Aug 27, 2018
The Indus Water Treaty is the treaty between the Government of India and the Government of Pakistan for the optimum utilisation of the waters of the Indus system of rivers. It was signed under the arbitration of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (now World Bank) in Karachi (Pakistan) on September 19, 1960.

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Why do the Western Ghats receive more rain than the Eastern Ghats?

Feb 5, 2018
Topography and wind play an important role in the distribution of precipitation. The Ghats, which mean Western and Eastern Ghats, are two mountain ranges forming the eastern and western edges, respectively, of the Deccan plateau of peninsular India. Here, a brief explanation on why do the Western Ghats receive more rain than the Eastern Ghats, which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Inside our Earth

Dec 7, 2017
The earth is a dynamic planet because it is constantly undergoing changes inside and outside. The earth is made up of several concentric layers with one inside another. There are three types of layer- crust, mantle and core. The crust is the uppermost layer over the earth’s surface which is about 35 km on the continental masses and only 5 km on the ocean floors. The mantle has been just beneath the crust, which is extended up to a depth of 2900 km. below the crust.The innermost layer is the core, with a radius of about 3500 km.

Our Changing view of the Universe

Dec 7, 2017
The Greek astronomers thought that the earth was at the centre of the universe and the moon, the planets, the sun and stars were orbiting around it. In the 6th century, it was Aryabhatta who stated that the rotation of the heavenly bodies is due to the rotation of the earth around its axis. In the 15th century, Nicholas Copernicus opined that the sun was at the centre of the solar system and planets revolve around it. In the 16th century, Johannes Kepler discovered the laws of planetary orbits.

Coastal Erosion in India

Nov 23, 2017
The Coastal Erosion is the process of wearing away of the land by the sea due to corrosion, abrasion, hydraulic action, attrition and corrosion/solution. India's has long peninsular region and due to developmental activities are often carried out without properly understanding the coastal dynamics, leading to long-term damage, particularly to local communities. Find out the concept of Coastal erosion, findings of Ministry of Earth Sciences, and reasons for coastal erosion and measure to deal with coastal erosion for the preparation competitive examination.

What is Cartography and how was the first map come to the modern World?

Nov 23, 2017
From the evolution of humankind in the age of exploration, cartography has been an integral part of the human history. The word cartography is a combination of two word ‘carta’ which means map and ‘graphy’ that is something written or represented in the specified manner, or about a specified subject. Hence, we can say it is an art, technique, or practice of compiling or drawing maps or charts. Read the complete chronology of map-drawing (Cartography) techniques from the ancient world to the modern world.

Natural Disaster- Concept and Its Classification

Nov 6, 2017
About 60 per cent of the landmass in India is susceptible to earthquakes and over 8 per cent is prone to floods. Of the nearly 7,500 km long coastline, more than 5,500 km is prone to cyclones. Around 68 per cent area is also susceptible to drought. Here, we are giving the concept of natural disaster and its classification for general awareness.

Our Changing Earth

Sep 20, 2017
When the lithosphere is broken into a number of plates is called the Lithospheric plates. The plates are moving because they are floating on the molten magma inside the earth. The movement of lithospheric plates causes changes on the surface of the earth. There are two types of the earth movements which are divided on the basis of the forces- endogenous forces and exogenous forces. These movements like volcano and earth quakes cause mass destruction over the surface of the earth.

List of India’s neighbouring countries

Sep 12, 2017
India is located latitudinally in the Northern Hemisphere and longitudinally in the Eastern Hemisphere. Here, we are giving the list of India’s neighbouring countries and the states of India, which border them that will helps the students to enhance their general knowledge in dealing with the questions related to Geography of India in different competitive examinations as well as academic examination.

Top 10 Highest Peaks of India

Sep 7, 2017
India is a blessed with diversity not only culturally but also with physical features like dry desert, evergreen forest, snowy mountains, long coast and fertile plain.In this article we are giving the detail of the highest peaks of India. The following is the list of Top 10 Highest Peaks in India. Kanchenjunga tops the list followed by Nanda Devi and Saltoro Kangri.

List of Major Pollutant, their sources and their effects on Humans and Environment

Sep 6, 2017
Pollutant is a substance that pollutes something, especially water or the atmosphere. It can enter the environment naturally, such as from volcanic eruptions, or through human activities, such as burning coal and gasoline. Here, we are giving the list of Major Pollutant, their sources and their effects on Humans and Environment for general awareness.

Summary on the Physiography of India

Jan 5, 2017
India has a unique culture and is one of the oldest and greatest civilizations of the world. It stretches from the snow-capped Himalayas in the north to Sun drenched coastal villages of the south and the humid tropical forests on the south-west coast, from the fertile Brahmaputra valley on its east to the Thar Desert in the west. Here, we are giving ‘Summary on the Physiography of India’ as a quick revision capsule which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations.

Geographical Structure of Bihar: Geology | Physiology | Plain |Plateau

Dec 15, 2016
The Geographical Structure of Bihar is embedded with younger geological structure in the North by Dharwarian rocks and older in the South by quaternary rocks. Here, we are giving brief outline of Geographical and Physiological Structure of Bihar which will be helpful for the aspirants as revision capsule to those who are preparing for the competitive examinations like BPSC and other state level examinations.

Basic Concepts in Geography

Nov 25, 2015
Geography may be studied by way of several interrelated approaches, i.e., systematically, regionally, descriptively, and analytically. The important terms of Geography are classifiers tools for making sense of the world. These terms help us to plan geographically rigorous, engaging and challenging sequences of learning that will encourage careful and challenging thinking about a geographical topic. They are also the concepts central to a discipline that increasingly engages with the humanities as well as with the physical and social sciences.

Important Passes in India

Nov 24, 2015
A mountain pass locally is the highest point on the route through a mountain range or over the ridge. It played an important role in trade, war, and migration. It also known as notches, gaps, saddles, cols, hauses, bwlch (Welsh), bealach or brennig (Gaelic). Important passes are- Zoji La (Pass), Banihal Pass, Shipki La (Pass),Bara-Lacha Pass, Rohtang Pass, Mana Pass, Niti Pass, Nathu La (Pass),Jalep La (Pass) etc.

The Island Groups

Nov 24, 2015
India is a land of natural beauty and islands in India forms a significant part with well-encompassed by lush forests and possess the infinite variety of striking fauna and flora. There are two major island groups in India – one in the Bay of Bengal and the other in the Arabian Sea. It is believed that these islands are an elevated portion of submarine mountains. However, some smaller islands are volcanic in origin. Barren Island, the only active volcano in India is also situated in the Nicobar Islands.

The Eastern Coastal Plains

Nov 24, 2015
The Eastern Coastal Plains extends between the Eastern Ghats and the sea coast from Subarnarekha River to Kanyakumari. It is wider than Western Coastal Plain because the rivers like Godavari, the Krishna and the Kaveri formed the delta over there. The continental shelf extends up to 500 km into the sea, which makes it difficult for the development of good ports and harbours. The continental shelf extends up to 500 km into the sea, which makes it difficult for the development of good ports and harbours.

The Western Ghats Coastal Plain

Nov 24, 2015
The Western Ghats Coastal Plain extends from Surat to Kanyakumari which is divided into four parts:The Gujarat Plain- Coastal area of Gujarat; The Konkan Plain- Between Daman and Goa;The Kannad Plain- Between Goa and Mangalore; The Malabar Plain- Between Mangalore and Kanyakumari.

The Eastern Ghats Mountain Range

Nov 24, 2015
The Eastern Ghats Mountain Ranges are extends from Orissa to Tamil Nadu. It is more eroded than the Western Ghats. It is drained by the Godavari and the Krishna River. Vishakhapatnam Peak is the highest peak of this range. Mahendragiri is the second highest peak of this range. It continues as the Javadi and Shevaroy hills in the south-west of Chennai, beyond which they merge with the Western Ghats.

The Western Ghats Mountain Range

Nov 24, 2015
The Western Ghat Mountain Range or Sahyadri Range is the India’s largest mountain range after the Himalayas which extend from the Tapi river valley to the Nilgiri. The range is called Sahyadri in northern Maharashtra and Sahya Parvatam in Kerala. This range is the home of many hill stations like Matheran,Lonavala-Khandala, Mahabaleshwar, Panchgani, Amboli Ghat, Kudremukh and Kodagu.

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