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Ocean Acidification: Causes and its effects on Marine Ecosystem

Jan 8, 2018
The Earth is a watery planet because about 71 percent of the Earth's surface is water-covered, and the oceans hold about 96.5 percent of all Earth's water. Our ocean acts like carbon sink that absorb about a quarter of carbon dioxide that human produces that causes changes in ocean basic chemistry. Here, we are giving brief note on the Ocean Acidification, Causes and its effects on Marine Ecosystem for general awareness.

Do you know the meaning of Oxygen Minimum Zone and Dead Zone

Jan 2, 2018
Oxygen is a central element of life on the Earth because it helps in aerobic respiration which converts sugar (glucose) C6H12O6 using oxygen, O2 into carbon dioxide, CO2 and water H2O this reaction gives the energy needed for cells to operate. Here, we are giving the meaning of the Oxygen Minimum Zone and Dead Zone, which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Difference between United Kingdom, Great Britain and England

Jan 2, 2018
People often use the term United Kingdom, Great Britain and England for the same place, but these three terms have different meanings. First term represents political, second one is for geographic and the last one is for nationality. Here, we are giving some important facts that differentiate the terms United Kingdom, Great Britain and England, and enhance the general knowledge of the readers.

What are Landslides and its remedial steps?

Dec 27, 2017
We often heard about the incident of landslides, but do you know what causes landslides and how it can be prevented. Here, we are giving the definition, types, cause and remedial steps for landslides which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

How Organic Farming helps in Carbon Sequestration?

Dec 22, 2017
The organic farming is a unique combination of environmentally sound practices with low external inputs. It compliments the Carbon Sequestration because its focus on sustainability without using synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, etc. Here, we are giving the concept of organic farming, carbon sequestration and How Organic Farming helps in Carbon Sequestration.

Do you know the reason of daily variation of temperature

Dec 20, 2017
Temperature is a physical quantity expressing the subjective perceptions of hot and cold. The connection and interactions between the sun and the Earth drive the seasons, ocean currents, weather, climate, radiation belts and aurorae. Find the concept of weather, climate, climate variability and why there are variations in daily temperature.

Combat Desertification: UN Convention and Role of Jojoba Plant

Dec 19, 2017
Desertification is a complex phenomenon resulting from factors of physical, biological, socioeconomic, cultural and political nature. It is not confined to the desert areas or to the arid region, but relates to land degradation in about two-thirds of our country’s geographical area falling within the arid, semiarid and dry sub-humid regions. Here, we are giving a write-up how the UN came with Convention to Combat Desertification and Role of Jojoba Plant in the prevention desertification.

Difference between Wildlife Sanctuary, Biosphere Reserves and National Park

Dec 15, 2017
We must make every effort to preserve, conserve and manage biodiversity. Protected areas, from large wilderness reserves to small sites for particular species, and reserves for controlled uses. The wildlife sanctuary, biosphere reserves and national park are designated places for protecting the wild plants, animals and natural habitats.

Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Parks

Dec 14, 2017
Indian subcontinent is not only well known for its Cultural diversity, but also have a diverse range of flora and fauna. Human activities are permitted in a wildlife sanctuary whereas these are completely restricted in a national park. Hunting is prohibited without permission in a sanctuary; however, grazing and movement of cattle is permitted. Therefore, India houses a number of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks that help in preserving the wildlife in its natural form. Hunting and grazing are totally prohibited in a national park.

What are Carbon Cycle and Global Carbon Budget?

Dec 13, 2017
Carbon is the main component of biological compounds as well as many minerals. It is referred to as ‘building block of life’ because it is found in every living as well as non-living things. The Human activities endorse the concentration of carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere and out of which some are absorbed by the plants and some are taken by the ocean.

List of Marine Protected Areas in India

Dec 11, 2017
The Marine Protected Area is the place in the ocean where exploitative human activities and interventions are strictly regulated just like in National Parks, sanctuaries and biosphere reserve. Find out the list of marine protected areas in India for general awareness.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)

Dec 8, 2017
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea is considered the “constitution of the oceans”. It is also known as the Law of the Sea Convention or the Law of the Sea treaty. Here, we are giving the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and its provision for the aspirants who are preparing for different competitive exams.

List of Ocean Ridges around the World

Dec 7, 2017
The Ocean Ridges are submarine mountain chain formed by plate tectonics. In other words, it is an underwater longest mountain range in the world. It demarcates the boundary between two plates. It is a divergent zone where Ocean plates are born, spreading apart from the central valley, or axial trough. Here, we are giving the concept of Ocean ridges, how Ocean ridges are formed and the list of Ocean ridges around the world for general awareness.

Inside our Earth

Dec 7, 2017
The earth is a dynamic planet because it is constantly undergoing changes inside and outside. The earth is made up of several concentric layers with one inside another. There are three types of layer- crust, mantle and core. The crust is the uppermost layer over the earth’s surface which is about 35 km on the continental masses and only 5 km on the ocean floors. The mantle has been just beneath the crust, which is extended up to a depth of 2900 km. below the crust.The innermost layer is the core, with a radius of about 3500 km.

Our Changing view of the Universe

Dec 7, 2017
The Greek astronomers thought that the earth was at the centre of the universe and the moon, the planets, the sun and stars were orbiting around it. In the 6th century, it was Aryabhatta who stated that the rotation of the heavenly bodies is due to the rotation of the earth around its axis. In the 15th century, Nicholas Copernicus opined that the sun was at the centre of the solar system and planets revolve around it. In the 16th century, Johannes Kepler discovered the laws of planetary orbits.

What are the differences between El Nino and La Nina?

Dec 4, 2017
The El Nino and La Nina are part of the global climate system which occurs when the Pacific Ocean and the atmosphere above it change from their neutral ('normal') state for several seasons. Here, we are giving the differences between El Nino and La Nina on the basis of meaning, Temperature at Sea Surface, Pressure, Trade winds, Seasons, Coriolis force, Ocean waters in the Pacific and cyclone for general awareness.

How does El Nino and La Nina impact on Indian Weather?

Nov 29, 2017
The Sea surface temperatures play a major role in global weather which influences two extreme phases of a naturally occurring climate cycle. I.e., El Nino/Southern Oscillation and La Nina. Both terms refer to large-scale changes in sea-surface temperature across the eastern tropical Pacific and the most powerful phenomenon of the Earth. Here, we are giving the write-up on the ‘How does El Nino and La Nina impact on Indian Weather?’ for general awareness.

Pharmaceutical Industries in India

Nov 27, 2017
India's Pharmaceutical Industry is leading manufacturers and is becoming global players, utilizing both organic growths, through the gradual development of their business. Currently, it represents just U.S. $6 billion of the $550 billion global pharmaceutical industry, but its share is increasing at 10 percent a year, compared to 7 percent annual growth in the world market overall. The “organized” sector of India's pharmaceutical industry consists of 250 to 300 companies, which account for 70 percent of products on the market, with the top 10 firms representing 30 per cent.

Agro-Based Industries in India

Nov 27, 2017
The agro-based industry includes indutries related to textiles, sugar, paper and vegetable oil. These industries use agricultural products as their raw materials. Textile industry is the largest industry in the organized sector. It comprises of (i) cotton textiles, (ii) woollen textiles, (iii) silk textiles (iv) synthetic fibres and (v) jute textile industries. Textiles have been a major component of the industrial sector. It accounts for nearly a fifth of the industrial output and a third of the export earnings.

El Nino and La Nina

Nov 27, 2017
The Sea surface temperatures play a major role in global weather which influences two extreme phases of a naturally occurring climate cycle. I.e., El Nino/Southern Oscillation and La Nina. El Nino refers to the warm phase of the El Nino Southern Oscillation which is called ENSO-that is - El Nino Southern Oscillation. El Nino Southern Oscillation is the cycle of warm and cold temperatures measured on the basis of sea surface temperature of the tropical central and eastern Pacific Ocean. It is associated with a band of warm ocean water that develops in the central and east-central equatorial Pacific between the International Date Line and 120°W. It also occurs off the Pacific coast of South America.

Biological Sequestration (Biosequestration): Concept, Importance and Need

Nov 24, 2017
Biosequestration is the process of capturing and storing carbon in living organisms such as plants and algae. It is not a new process, but a process that was responsible for the formation of the extensive coal and oil deposits which are now being burned. Here, we are giving the concept of Biological Sequestration (Biosequestration) and its need and importance for general awareness.

Coastal Erosion in India

Nov 23, 2017
The Coastal Erosion is the process of wearing away of the land by the sea due to corrosion, abrasion, hydraulic action, attrition and corrosion/solution. India's has long peninsular region and due to developmental activities are often carried out without properly understanding the coastal dynamics, leading to long-term damage, particularly to local communities. Find out the concept of Coastal erosion, findings of Ministry of Earth Sciences, and reasons for coastal erosion and measure to deal with coastal erosion for the preparation competitive examination.

Cooperative Movement and Cooperative Societies in India

Nov 23, 2017
The Cooperative Societies can be defined as an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise". India is an agricultural country and laid the foundation of World’s biggest cooperative movement in the world. Here, we are giving a brief summary of the Cooperative Movement and Cooperative Societies in India for general awareness.

What is Cartography and how was the first map come to the modern World?

Nov 23, 2017
From the evolution of humankind in the age of exploration, cartography has been an integral part of the human history. The word cartography is a combination of two word ‘carta’ which means map and ‘graphy’ that is something written or represented in the specified manner, or about a specified subject. Hence, we can say it is an art, technique, or practice of compiling or drawing maps or charts. Read the complete chronology of map-drawing (Cartography) techniques from the ancient world to the modern world.

List of Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Sites in India

Nov 21, 2017
The Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) was started by Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) for the purpose of creating public awareness and safeguarding the World agricultural heritage sites. There are three regions of India, which has been recognised as the Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) cities in India: Koraput, Odisha State; Kashmir Valley, Pampore region; and Kuttanad. Here, we are giving the list of Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Sites in India and why these regions are chosen by FAO as GIAHS for general awareness.

What is the Geographical Indication and how it is different from Trademark?

Nov 16, 2017
We always hear about Kanchipuram Silk Saree, Alphanso Mango, Nagpur Orange, Kolhapuri Chappal, Bikaneri Bhujia, Agra Petha, etc., but do you know it is Geographical Indication tags given to particular products from particular region only. Here, we are giving the concept of geographical indication, rights given by geographical indication, governing body of geographical indication and how Geographical indication different from trademark for general awareness.

Coastal Zone Management (CZMA) - Purpose, Objective and Challenges

Nov 13, 2017
The Coastal zones are defined by the extent of territorial waters up to the high water mark. They are long, narrow features of mainland, islands and seas, generally forming the outer boundary of the coastal domain. Find out the concept, purpose, objectives and challenges of Coastal Zone Management for general awareness.

List of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems Sites around the World

Nov 10, 2017
The Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) are rich in agricultural biodiversity and associated wildlife, and are important resources of indigenous knowledge and culture. Here, we are giving the list of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems Sites around the World for general awareness.

Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS): Objective and Importance

Nov 10, 2017
FAO started to identify the economic viability of the system, the identification of environmentally sustainable strategies in the face of growing climate change, and the empowerment of small holder/traditional family farming and indigenous communities under Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS).

Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ): Causes and Impact

Nov 7, 2017
The ITCZ (Intertropical Convergence Zone) play important role in the global circulation system and also known as the Equatorial Convergence Zone or Intertropical Front. It is a basically low pressure belt encircling Earth near the Equator. It is a zone of convergence where the trade winds meet. Here, we are giving the concept, causes and impact of ITCZ (Intertropical Convergence Zone) for general awareness.
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