• How does Demographic Dividend impact on the India’s economic growth?

    In the contemporary world, 'Demographic Dividend' has become a hot topic for the policy makers, economist and experts from the various sectors around the world. In this article, we are giving the concepts of demographic dividend as well economic growth, relationship between demographic dividend and economic growth, and how does Demographic Dividend impact on the India’s economic growth. It will be helpful for the aspirants of the competitive exams like UPSC/PCS/SSC/CDS etc.

    May 10, 2018
  • Regional Distribution of Tribes in India

    India is the home to a large number of indigenous people, who are still untouched by the lifestyle of the modern world. There are 461 tribes in India out of which 424 are considered as the Schedule Tribes. In this article, we are giving the names of tribal groups in India and their regional distribution that will helps the aspirants in the preparations of examinations like UPSC, SSC, State Services, CDS, NDA, Railways etc.

    Mar 23, 2018
  • Population Policies of India

    Population Policies formulated to address the unmet needs for contraception, health care infrastructure, and health personnel, and to provide integrated service delivery for basic reproductive and child health care. The main objective is to achieve a stable population at a level consistent with the requirements of sustainable economic growth, social development, and environmental protection. Several policies have been formulated in different Five-Year Plans by the Government of India for population control.

    Jul 11, 2017
  • Summary on the Settlements and Urbanisation in India

    Human Settlement is a form of human habitation which ranges from a single dwelling to large city. In other words, it is a process of opening up and settling on a previously uninhabited area by the people. Here, we are giving ‘Summary on the Settlements and Urbanization in India’ which is very useful as GK study material for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

    Jan 6, 2017
  • Human Migration

    The movement of people from region to region for the purpose of permanent or semi-permanent residence, usually across a political boundary is called Migration. For example: "semi-permanent residence" would be the seasonal movements of migrant farm labourers. People can either choose to move ("voluntary migration") or be forced to move ("involuntary migration"). Birth and death is another reason for the population size changes. It may be interpreted as a spontaneous effort to achieve a better balance between population and resources.

    Nov 30, 2015
  • Schedule Castes in India

    As per Census- 2011, the number of scheduled castes in India is 20, 13, and 78,086. It is 16.6% of the total population of India. The scheduled castes are 18.5% of the total population of rural areas and 12.6% of urban areas. It is to be noted that during 2001-2011 the decadal growth rate of the population of India was 17.64%. During this period decadal growth rate of the scheduled castes was 20.8%.

    Nov 28, 2015
  • Racial Groups of India

    The present population of the Indian subcontinent has been divided into four racial groups- the Negritos, the Proto-Australoids, the Proto-Australoids, the Mongoloids, and the Mediterraneans. The Negritos were the first of the racial groups that came to India. Proto-Australoid race came here just after the Negritos and their sources are Australian aborigines. The Mongoloids came to India through the passes of northern and eastern mountain ranges. The Mediterraneans came to India from the south-west Asia.

    Nov 28, 2015
  • Human Development Index in India

    The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistics of life expectancy, education, and income indices to rank countries into four tiers of human development. It was created by economist Mahbub-ul-Haq, followed by economist Amartya Sen in 1990, and published by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Country rankings and values of the annual Human Development Index (HDI) are kept under strict embargo until the global launch and worldwide electronic release of the Human Development Report.

    Nov 28, 2015
  • Dichotomy of Human Geography

    Development is very complex concepts of Social Sciences because it is a substantive concept and once it is achieved it will address all the socio-cultural and environmental ills of the society. Although, it has brought in significant improvement in the quality of life in more than one way but increasing regional disparities, social inequalities, discriminations, deprivations, displacement of people, abuse of human rights and undermining human values and environmental degradation have also increased.

    Nov 28, 2015
  • Functional Classification of Towns

    The structure and functions of any region varies in terms of function, history of development as well as age of the town. Some towns and cities specialise in certain functions and they are known for some specific activities, products or services. However, each town performs a number of functions. On the basis of functions, Indian cities and towns can be broadly into - Administrative towns and cities, Industrial towns, Transport Cities, Commercial towns, Mining towns, Garrison Cantonment towns, Educational towns, Religious and cultural towns, and Tourist towns.

    Nov 28, 2015
  • Urbanisation in India

    The term urban contemplate “engines of inclusive economic growth”. With the massive support from Industrialisation, the number of urban centres started growing day by day. Enlargement of urban centres and emergence of new towns have played a significant role in the growth of urban population and urbanisation in the country.

    Nov 28, 2015
  • Urban Settlements in India

    Urban settlements are generally compact and larger in size and engaged in a variety of non-agricultural, economic and administrative functions. As mentioned earlier, cities are functionally linked to rural areas around them. Thus, exchange of goods and services is performed sometimes directly and sometimes through a series of market towns and cities. Thus, cities are connected directly as well as indirectly with the villages and also with each other.

    Nov 28, 2015
  • Composition of Indian population

    The distribution within a group of people of specified individual attributes such as sex, age, marital status, education, occupation, and relationship to the head of household is called Population composition. Population is divided into two parts-rural and urban on the basis of the size and occupation of settlements. The rural population consists of small sized settlements scattered over the countryside. Urban population is one that lives in large size settlements i.e. towns and cities.

    Nov 27, 2015
  • Indicators of Development

    Development moving on an uneven path because State have a very high GDP that might be derived from the exploitation of rich oil reserves but their segments of the population live in poverty and lack access to basic education, health and decent housing. The UNDP has given indicators on that basis the Planning Commission of India prepared the Human Development Report for India. Later, each state government prepared the state level Human Development Reports, using districts as the units of analysis.

    Nov 27, 2015
  • Rural Settlement

    The rural settlements are concerned with the degree of dispersion of the dwellings and the life is supported by land based primary economic activities. Rural people are less mobile and therefore, social relations among them are intimate. In India, the rural settlement varies with the diversity of climatic condition in India that is compact or clustered village of a few hundred houses is a rather universal feature, particularly in the northern plains.

    Nov 25, 2015