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  2. GENERAL KNOWLEDGE
  3. India: An Overview
  • TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AND RELATED PROGRAMMES

    Scientific and technological activities in India are carried out under a wide set-up consisting of Central government, State governments, higher educational sector, public and private sector industry and non-profit institutions/associations.

    Dec 13, 2010
  • OCEAN DEVELOPMENT

    With the ratification of the UN Convention on Law of the Sea, a new international order has been established for the oceans. India is represented in almost all the important bodies on oceans.

    Dec 13, 2010
  • NUCLEAR POWER PROGRAMME

    India has limited uranium but vast thorium reserves which are one of the world’s largest. The Indian Nuclear Power Programme is geared towards using these reserves.

    Dec 13, 2010
  • NOTABLE INSTITUTES

    The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR); Indian Council of Agricultural Research ICAR); Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR). Department of Atomic Energy, Department of Electronics, Department of Space, Department of Ocean Development, Defence Research and Development Organisation, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Ministry of Non Conventional Energy Sources and the Ministry of Science and Technology.

    Dec 13, 2010
  • LAUNCH VEHICLES

    The Indian space programme began in the 1960s with the launch of modest Rohni Sounding rockets for scientific investigations over the geo-magnetic equator passing over Thumba near Thiruvanthapuram. Since then, India has achieved self-reliance in Satellite Launch vehicle programme with the operationalisation of polar Satellite Launch Vehicles (PSLV) for launching satellites in polar orbits and Geosynchronous satellite launch vehicle (GSLV) for launching satellites in Geosynchronous transfer orbits.

    Dec 13, 2010
  • IRS SYSTEM

    The Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellite system has the world’s largest constellation of remote sensing satellites in operation today. There are 10 remote Sensing Satellites in operation – OCEANSAT-2, RESAT-2, CARTOSAT-2A, IMS-1, CARTOSAT-2, CARTOSAT-1, RESOURCESAT-1, OCEANSAT-1, IRS- 1D and technology experiment satellite (TES).

    Dec 13, 2010
  • INSAT SYSTEM

    The Indian National satellite Unite (INSAT) system is one of the largest domestic communication satellite systems in the ASIA – Pacific region.

    Dec 13, 2010
  • INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    Indian Information Technology and IT enabled serives (ITES-BOP) continue to chart remarkable growth. The Indian software and services export is estimated at Rs. 103200 crore (US $23.4 billion) in 2005-06, as compared to Rs. 80180 crore (US$ 17.7 billion) in 2004-05, an increase of 32 per cent in dollar terms.

    Dec 13, 2010
  • BIOTECHNOLOGY

    With the advent of recombinant DNA technique and understanding at the cellular and molecular level of the structure and function, it is now possible to harness the genetic diversity in the living organisms for the manufacture of useful products and production of novel microbes, plants and animals with improved qualities. The Department of Biotechnology, under the Ministry of Science and Technology in 1986 has promoted and accelerated the pace of development of biotechnology in the country.

    Dec 13, 2010
  • ATOMIC ENERGY

    With the enactment of the Atomic Energy Bill in 1948, India had planned to harness the atomic energy for peaceful purposes, almost fifty years ago. The Atomic Energy Commission was established on 10 August 1948 with Dr Homi J Bhabha as its chairman. Subsequently in 1954, the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) was established.

    Dec 13, 2010
  • Sangeet Natak Akademi

    Sangeet Natak Akademi, the National Academy of Music, Dance and Drama, was founded in 1953 to promote the performing arts in collaboration with the states and voluntary organizations.

    Dec 13, 2010
  • SAHITYA AKADEMI

    Sahitya Akademi is the Indian National Academy of Letters meant to promote the cause of Indian literature through publications, translations, seminars, workshops, cultural exchange programmes and literary meets organised all over the country. The Akademi was founded in March 1954 as an autonomous body fully funded by the Department of Culture, Government of India.

    Dec 13, 2010
  • NATIONAL SCHOOL OF DRAMA

    The National School of Drama (NSD) - one of the foremost theatre training institutions in the world and the only one of its kind in India was set up by Sangeet Natak Akademi in 1959. 

    Dec 13, 2010
  • NATIONAL MUSEUM

    The National Museum was established on 15 August 1949 on the premises of the Rashtrapati Bhawan, New Delhi.

    Dec 13, 2010
  • NATIONAL ARCHIVES OF INDIA

    The National Archives of India (NAI), known until independence as Imperial Record Department was established on 11 March 1891. It is the official custodian of all non current records of permanent value of the Government of India and its predecessor bodies.

    Dec 13, 2010