Architecture began when the artistic faculties of man awakened in the search for larger and better, which inherited the aesthetic sense. It is develop and accommodate the cultural, social and economic imprints of different times. In this article, we are giving short notes on the difference between Indian and Islamic style of architecture which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
The Indian temples are symmetry-driven structure, with many variations, on a square grid of padas, depicting perfect geometric shapes such as circles and squares. In this article, we are giving the list of important features of Indian Temple, which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
The temple architecture in India reflects a synthesis of arts, the ideals of Dharma, beliefs, values and the way of life. The culture of Indian temple architecture has encouraged aesthetic independence to temple builders and also its architects have sometimes exercise flexibility in creative expression by adopting other perfect geometries and mathematical principles. In this article we are giving the names of Schools of Temple Architecture in India and discussed about the distinct features which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
India has been a land of architectural marvels because it has deep roots in its history, culture and religion. India Gate is one of the examples of Indian architectural marvel. It is the world's largest war memorial which was built in the 21st century. Here, we are giving some interesting facts about India Gate, which will enhance the general awareness of the readers on the architectural glory of India.
The Chola rulers were not only mighty conquerors and great administrators, but also great builders. They were great patrons of art; during their reign, the most magnificent temples and exquisite bronze icons were created in South India. These temples of Southern India represent an outstanding creative achievement in the architectural conception of the pure form of the Dravida type of temple which are now known as the "Great Living Chola Temples".Here, we are giving the list of temples built during the Chola Period for general awareness.
Mauryan rule marks an important phase in our cultural history. Mainly in the period of Ashoka, the art and architecture was at its zenith and fall within the category of court art. Ashoka embraced Buddhism and the immense Buddhist missionary activities that followed encouraged the development of distinct sculptural and architectural styles. Let us find out various art and architecture of Mauryan period which had connected to the lives, activities and patronage of ordinary people.
The Sultans of India are perfectly autocrat unchecked by any restrictions and his word was law. The real source of the sultan’s authority was military strength. Various musicians and author stayed in the Sultans court who had written various books in which they have described about their administration, works, reforms, organisations, etc
Art and architecture which was a combination of Arabic and Indian styles that took a new direction in the Delhi Sultanate period. It witnesses the evolution and development of Indo-Islamic Architecture by synthesising geometrical shapes, calligraphy, inscriptional art etc. This Indo-Islamic architecture manifested the aesthetic heritage of the new sultans that includes both religious and secular structures.
As we all know that 350 years ago Mughal emperor Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal for his favourite wife Mumtaz Mahal. Similarly, Faizul Hasan Qadri a retired 80 years old post master from Kaser Kalan village around 50 km from Bulandshahr distt, Western Uttar Pradesh is building a replica of the heritage in memory of his late ‘Begum’ as ‘mini Taj’.
Gol Gumbaz, the tomb of Mohammed Adil Shah, Sultan of Bijapur, is located in Bijapur, Karnataka. The name means 'circular dome', and the tomb indeed has one of the biggest domes in India, with a diameter of 44 metres. It was completed in 1656 and its architect was Yaqut of Dabul. The amazing feature of this dome is that it stands unsupported by pillars. The dome houses the tombs of Muhammad Adil Shah, his two wives, his mistress, his daughter and grandson.
In 1911 King George V and queen Mary visited Delhi so to commemorate the arrival of their king, the Britishers decided to make a gateway of India. The chief architect of this gateway was George Wittet. Its construction was completed in 1911. The gateway was opened on 4th December 1924, by the Viceroy, the Earl of Reading. Its central dome is 15 metres in diameter, and touches the height of 26 metres above the ground.
The words 'Jal Mahal' mean ‘water palace' and the Jal Mahal Palace in Jaipur is just that. It was built in the 1750 by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Amber, right in the middle of the Man Sagar Lake. It is made of red sandstone. This is a splendid combination of the Rajput and Mughal styles of architecture. It is a five storey building, when the lake is full out of water its four storeys are dipped under water, and only the top floor is visible.
The Lotus Temple in New Delhi is a temple belonging to the Bahai sect. Bahaism is recognized as a combination of the nine great religions of the world and traces its genesis to the prophet Bahaullah. The temple is built in the shape of a floating half open lotus set amidst pools and gardens. This temple has no idols of any God. The Lotus Temple is the only Bahai temple of worship in Asia. It attracts about 4.5 million visitors in a year.
This fort is located near Hyderabad, the capital city of capital of Telangaga. The fort dates back to 1143, when it was built by the Qutb shahi dynasty. The historic Golconda Fort derives its name from a Telugu word ‘Golla Konda’ which means Shepherd’s. Initially it was a mud fort but later on transformed into granite one during the Qutb shahi dynasty.
The Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state of India are about 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments which constructed from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 or 650 CE. These paintings are magnum opus of Buddhist religious art, with figures of the Buddha and depictions of the Jataka tales (stories related to the life Lord Buddha). The Ajanta Caves have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.