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International Agencies and Trade

  • G-7 and G-20 Organisations: Functions and Members

    G-7 refers to the group of 7 highly industrialized nations—France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, Japan, the United States and Canada. These countries hold an annual meeting to foster consensus on global issues like economic growth and crisis management, global security, energy, and terrorism.

    Aug 26, 2019
  • Financial Action Task Force (FATF): Meaning and Objectives

    The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) sets standards and promote effective implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures to combat money laundering,terror financing, human trafficking.

    Aug 23, 2019
  • G-20 Summits: List of Summits and Members

    The annual meeting of the G-20 Leaders is known as the G-20 summit. The G20 Summit is formally known as the “Summit on Financial Markets and the World Economy”. There are 20 members of the G-20 including India. Currently Osaka city of Japan is hosting the 14th G-20 summit.

    Jun 27, 2019
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF): Objectives & Obligations

    The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is the inter-governmental organisation established to stabilize the exchange rate in the international trade. It helps the member countries to improve their Balance of Payment (BOP) condition thorough the adequate liquidity in the international market, promote the growth of global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade. It is one of the Bretton woods twins, which came into existence in 1945, is governed by and accountable to the 189 countries that make up its near-global membership.

    May 13, 2019
  • How does IMF give loan to its Members?

    The International Reconstruction and Development Bank (IBRD) and The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and were established in July 1944 in the Conference of 44 countries held in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, USA. India is the founding member of the IMF.

    May 13, 2019
  • Balance of Payment (BOP):Definition and Components

    Balance of Payment (BOP) of ac country can be defined as a systematic statement of all economic transactions of a country with the rest of the world during a specific period usually one year. The systematic accounting is done on the basis of double entry book keeping (both sides of transactions credit and debit are included). Economic transaction includes all such transactions that involve the transfer of title or ownership of goods and services, money and assets.

    Mar 30, 2019
  • Convertibility of Currency in India

    Prior to the First World War the whole world was having gold standard under which the currency in circulation was allowed to get converted either in gold or other currencies based on the gold standard. But after the failure of Bretton woods system in 1971 this system changed. Presently convertibility of money implies a system where a country’s currency becomes convertible in foreign exchange and vice versa. Since 1994, Indian rupee has been made fully convertible in current account transactions.

    Mar 30, 2019
  • Features of FERA & FEMA in India

    In the budget of 1997-98, the government had proposed to replace FERA-1973, by FEMA (Foreign Exchange management act). FEMA was proposed by the both house of the parliament in Dec. 1999. After the approval of president, FEMA 1999 has come into force w.e.f. June, 2000. Under the FEMA, provisions related to foreign exchange have been modified and liberalized so as to simplify foreign trade. Government hopes that the FEMA will make favourable development in the foreign money market.

    Mar 29, 2019
  • What are the Objectives and Functions of World Bank?

    The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) was created in 1944 to help Europe rebuild after World War II. Today, IBRD provides loans and other assistance primarily to middle income countries. IBRD is the original World Bank institution. It works closely with the rest of the World Bank Group (IBRD, IDA, IFC, MIGA) to help developing countries reduce poverty, promote economic growth, and build prosperity. IBRD is owned by the governments of its 188 member countries.

    Mar 29, 2019
  • International Finance Corporation & MIGA

    The World Bank Group (WBG) is a family of five international organizations that are the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), the International Development Association (IDA), The International Finance Corporation (IFC), The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) and the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). IFC was established in July 1956 that provides loans to private industries for developing nations without any government guarantee and also promotes the additional capital investment in these countries. MIGA came into existence on April 1988.

    Mar 29, 2019
  • Asian Development Bank: Functions and Assistance to India

    Asian Development Bank (ADB) was established on Dec.19, 1966. The aim of this bank was to accelerate economic and social development in Asia and pacific region. The bank started its functioning on January 1, 1967. Its head quarter is located at Manila, Philippines. Its chairmanship is always given to Japanese and 3 deputy chairmen belong to USA, Europe and Asia.

    May 28, 2018
  • Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)

    Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is arguably the most important and comprehensive international agreement on intellectual property rights. Member countries of the WTO are automatically bound by the agreement. The Agreement covers most forms of intellectual property including patents, copyright, trademarks, geographical indications, industrial designs, trade secrets, and exclusionary rights over new plant varieties. It came into force on 1 January 1995 and is binding on all members of the World Trade Organization (WTO).

    May 21, 2018
  • List of Members of ASEAN Organisation

    The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand. Currently there are 10 permanent members of this association. Its headquarter is in Jakarta (Indonesia).

    May 18, 2018
  • 15 Most Important facts about IMF

    International Monetary Fund (IMF) and IBRD are known as the Bretton Woods twins due to their similar date and place of establishment. In this article we have compiled the most important facts about IMF. These all facts are important for the competitive exams to be held in India.

    May 15, 2018
  • List of President of the World Bank Group

    The President of the World Bank Group is the head of World Bank Group. The President is responsible for heading the meetings of the Boards of Directors and for overall management of the World Bank Group. The first President of the World Bank Group was Mr. Eugene Meyer from the USA. He assumed the office in 1946.

    May 2, 2018