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International Agencies and Trade

  • Asian Development Bank: Functions and Assistance to India

    Asian Development Bank (ADB) was established on Dec.19, 1966. The aim of this bank was to accelerate economic and social development in Asia and pacific region. The bank started its functioning on January 1, 1967. Its head quarter is located at Manila, Philippines. Its chairmanship is always given to Japanese and 3 deputy chairmen belong to USA, Europe and Asia.

    May 28, 2018
  • Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)

    Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is arguably the most important and comprehensive international agreement on intellectual property rights. Member countries of the WTO are automatically bound by the agreement. The Agreement covers most forms of intellectual property including patents, copyright, trademarks, geographical indications, industrial designs, trade secrets, and exclusionary rights over new plant varieties. It came into force on 1 January 1995 and is binding on all members of the World Trade Organization (WTO).

    May 21, 2018
  • List of Members of ASEAN Organisation

    The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand. Currently there are 10 permanent members of this association. Its headquarter is in Jakarta (Indonesia).

    May 18, 2018
  • 15 Most Important facts about IMF

    International Monetary Fund (IMF) and IBRD are known as the Bretton Woods twins due to their similar date and place of establishment. In this article we have compiled the most important facts about IMF. These all facts are important for the competitive exams to be held in India.

    May 15, 2018
  • List of President of the World Bank Group

    The President of the World Bank Group is the head of World Bank Group. The President is responsible for heading the meetings of the Boards of Directors and for overall management of the World Bank Group. The first President of the World Bank Group was Mr. Eugene Meyer from the USA. He assumed the office in 1946.

    May 2, 2018
  • List of Managing Directors of International Monetary Fund

    The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is led by a Managing Director, who is head of the staff and serves as Chairman of the Executive Board. Since its inception the Managing Director of IMF has been European and the president of the World Bank has been from the United States. Managing Director of the IMF is selected by the Executive Board consists of 24 member. Till date the IMF has had 11 Managing Directors since it began operations.

    Apr 24, 2018
  • What are the names of Indian Credit Rating Agencies and their grades?

    Credit rating agencies evaluate debentures, fixed deposits and other short term credit documents of various companies after studying their financial status, industrial risks and market conditions. There are 4 credit rating agencies working in India namely, CRISIL, ICRA, CARE and DCR India.

    Mar 15, 2018
  • Is India in the position to boycott Chinese products?

    According to official figures, in the year 2015-16, India's export to China was $ 7.56 billion and India's imports from China stood at $ 52.26 billion. These data shows that India's trade deficit with China was $ 44.7 billion. Indians need to keep in mind that India sends 8% of its total exports to China, while China sends only 2% of its total exports to India.

    Jul 14, 2017
  • List of Top Five Debt Ridden Country of the World

    A country found itself in debt trap when the expenditure of a country exceeds the revenue of that country year by year. After factual analysis we found that Japan is the most debt ridden country in the world followed by the Greece and Lebanon. Japan has debt of 229% of its GDP.

    Sep 16, 2016
  • List of international Organisations in the Area of Economics, Social & Politics

    The 20th century has established so many institutions/organisations in the area of economics, social and politics. Some institutions like World Bank, International Monetary Fund is made to deal with monetary issues, United Nations is made to deal with political issues and European Union is made to deal with social and commercial issues.

    Sep 12, 2016
  • Group of Countries (G-8 and G-20)

    The Group of Eight (G-8) refers to the group of eight highly industrialized nations—France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, Japan, the United States, Canada, and Russia—that hold an annual meeting to foster consensus on global issues like economic growth and crisis management, global security, energy, and terrorism. The G6 was made up of France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK and America. It then changed to G7 when Canada joined in 1976 and G8 with Russia in 1998.

    Dec 1, 2015
  • South Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA) & ASEAN

    South Asian Preferential Trade Agreement (SAPTA- 1993) was envisaged primarily as the first step towards the transition to a South Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA) leading subsequently towards a Customs Union, Common Market and Economic Union. In 1995, the Sixteenth session of the Council of Ministers (New Delhi, 18-19 December 1995) agreed on the need to strive for the realization of SAFTA. At the12th SAARC Summit (Jan. 4-6, 2004) at Islamabad, the Capital City of Pakistan, SAPTA became SAFTA. ASEAN (1967) is a union of South-East Asian Nations.

    Dec 1, 2015
  • International Finance Corporation & MIGA

    The World Bank Group (WBG) is a family of five international organizations that are the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), the International Development Association (IDA), The International Finance Corporation (IFC), The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) and the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). IFC was established in July 1956 that provides loans to private industries for developing nations without any government guarantee and also promotes the additional capital investment in these countries. MIGA came into existence on April 1988.

    Dec 1, 2015
  • BRICS Nations

    BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India and China, South Africa) was initially formulated in 2001 by economist Jim O'Neill, of Goldman Sachs, in a report on growth prospects for the economies of Brazil, Russia, India and China – which together represented a significant share of the world's production and population. In 2006, the four countries initiated a regular informal diplomatic coordination, with annual meetings of Foreign Ministers at the margins of the General Debate of the UN General Assembly (UNGA).

    Dec 1, 2015
  • The European Union (EU)

    The European Union (EU) is a unique economic and political partnership between 28 European countries that together cover much of the continent. It was created in the aftermath of the Second World War. The first steps were to foster economic cooperation: the idea being that countries that trade with one another become economically interdependent and so more likely to avoid conflict. It is based on the rule of law: everything that it does is founded on treaties, voluntarily and democratically agreed by all members.

    Dec 1, 2015