• Sun and its interactions with the Earth and the solar system

    Sun and its interactions with the Earth and the solar system  

    Aug 16, 2012
  • Small Bodies of the Solar System

    The small bodies in the solar system include comets, asteroids, the objects in the Kuiper Belt and the Oort cloud, small planetary satellites, Triton, Pluto, Charon, and interplanetary dust.

    Aug 16, 2012
  • Manned Mission to Mars

    A manned mission to Mars has been the subject of science fiction, engineering and scientific proposals throughout the 20th century and into the 21st century.

    Aug 16, 2012
  • Dark Energy, Dark Matter

    Dark energy and Dark matters: The greatest discoveries are the unexpected ones

    Aug 16, 2012
  • Earth Surface and Interiors

    Earth, the largest and densest rocky planet, was formed about 4.5 billion years ago. The Earth's interior is divided into four layers which is typical of rocky planets. 

    Aug 16, 2012
  • Climate Variability and Change

    The Climate Variability and Change program seeks to deliver new knowledge and applications for decision-making in climate-sensitive industries and to understand and project climate variability and change and its impacts to improve adaptive responses and to inform policy and decision making.

    Aug 16, 2012
  • Planets

    All eight planets can be seen with a small telescope; or binoculars. And large observatories continue to provide much useful information. But the possibility of getting up close with interplanetary spacecraft has revolutionized planetary science.

    Aug 16, 2012
  • Water and Energy Cycle

    The Water and Energy Cycle Focus Area studies the distribution, transport and transformation of water and energy within the Earth System.

    Aug 16, 2012
  • Weather System

    The weather system includes the dynamics of the atmosphere and its interaction with the oceans and land.

    Aug 16, 2012
  • Heliophysics

    The term heliophysics was coined in 1981 to denote the physics of the entire Sun: from centre to corona.

    Aug 13, 2012
  • Magnetosphere

    The study of the region of space near the Earth helps to determine changes in the Earth's magnetosphere, ionosphere, and upper atmosphere in order to enable specification, prediction, and mitigation of their effects.

    Aug 13, 2012
  • Heliosphere

    The heliosphere is a bubble of charged particles in the space surrounding the Solar System, "blown" into the interstellar medium (the hydrogen and helium gas that permeates the galaxy) by the solar wind.

    Aug 13, 2012
  • Carbon Cycle

    Carbon is a very important element, as it makes up organic matter, which is a part of all life. Carbon follows a certain route on earth, called the carbon cycle.  

    Aug 13, 2012
  • Astrophysics

    Astrophysics is the branch of astronomy that deals with the physics of the universe, including the physical properties of celestial objects, as well as their interactions and behavior.

    Aug 13, 2012
  • Black Holes

    Black holes are objects so dense that not even light can escape their gravity, and since nothing can travel faster than light, nothing can escape from inside a black hole.

    Aug 11, 2012

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