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The Polity

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Subordinate Courts in India

Jul 31, 2015
The District Courts of India are the district courts of the State governments in India for every district or for one or more districts together taking into account the number of cases, population distribution in the district. They administer justice in India at a district level. These courts are under administrative control of the High Court of the State to which the district concerned belongs. The decisions of District court are subject to the appellate jurisdiction of the High court.

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State Public Service Commission

Jul 31, 2015
The Government of India Act, 1935 provided for the establishment of the Public Service Commission at the Provincial level known as the State Public Service Commission and the constitution of India gave it a constitutional status as autonomous bodies. The State Public Service Commissions were constituted under the provisions of the Constitution of India.

State Information Commission

Jul 31, 2015
The State Information Commission will be constituted by the State Government through a Gazette notification. It will have one State Chief Information Commissioner (SCIC) and not more than 10 State Information Commissioners (SIC) to be appointed by the Governor.

State Human Rights Commission

Jul 31, 2015
The Protection of Human Rights Act of 1993 provides for the creation of State Human Rights Commission at the state level. A State Human Rights Commission can inquire into violation of human rights related to subjects covered under state list and concurrent list in the seventh schedule of the Indian constitution.

State Finance Commission

Jul 31, 2015
Article 243-I of the Indian Constitution prescribes that the Governor of a State shall, as soon as may be within one year from the commencement of the Constitution (Seventy-third Amendment) Act, 1992, and thereafter at the expiration of every fifth year, constitute a Finance Commission to review the financial position of the Panchayats and to make recommendations to the Governor.

Special Status to the Other Indian States

Jul 31, 2015
Some of the states owing to their non-uniformism, uneven developments, tribal areas, backwardness and aspirations of people need some special status in order to have uniform growth, equality and promote inclusive development. However all these special arrangements have been established by gradual amendments in the constitution.

Special Provisions relating to certain Classes

Jul 31, 2015
Articles 330 and 332 deals with the reservation of seats in Lok Sabha and State Assemblies respectively. Article 330 provides for the reservation of seats in the Lok Sabha for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. The number of seats reserved in any State or Union territory for such castes and tribes will be made on the population basis.

Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities

Jul 31, 2015
It shall be the duty of the Special Officer to investigate all matters relating to the safeguards provided for linguistic minorities under this Constitution and report to the President upon those matters at such intervals as the President may direct, and the President shall cause all such reports to be laid before each House of Parliament, and sent to the Governments of the States concerned.

Schedules in the Constitution of India

Jul 31, 2015
Schedules are lists in the Constitution that categorizes and tabulates bureaucratic activity and policy of the Government. Our constitution had 8 Schedules originally. The First Amendment Act added the 9th schedule in the constitution. 35th Amendment Act added the 10th schedule in the constitution in 1974 regarding the “associate Status” of the Sikkim. Later 36th amendment act admitted Sikkim as state of India. A New 10th schedule was added by 52th amendment act 1985 in context with the “Anti-Defection” Law.

Scheduled and Tribal Areas in India

Jul 31, 2015
Article 244 deals with the administration of Scheduled areas and Tribal areas. The provisions of the Fifth Schedule of the constitution apply to the administration and control of the scheduled areas and scheduled tribes in any state other than the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.

Rights and liabilities of the Government

Jul 31, 2015
Part XII from Article 294 to 300 deals with the property, contracts, rights, liabilities, obligations and suits of the centre and the states. Article 294 states that all the property and assets which immediately before the commencement of the constitution were vested with the Dominion of India.

Prime Minister’s Office of India

Jul 30, 2015
The Prime Minister's Office (PMO) consists of the immediate staff of the Prime Minister of India, as well as multiple levels of support staff reporting to the Prime Minister. The PMO is headed by the Principal Secretary, currently Nripendra Misra. The PMO was originally called the Prime Minister's Secretariat until 1977, when it was renamed during the Morarji Desai administration.

Prime Minister of India

Jul 29, 2015
Article 74(1) of the Constitution states that there shall be a council of ministers with Prime Minister as its head to aid and advice the President who shall exercise his function in accordance with advice tendered. Thus the real power is vested in council of ministers with Prime Minister as its head.

PMO and Cabinet Secretary

Jul 29, 2015
The Cabinet Secretariat is responsible for the administration of the Government of India (Transaction of Business) Rules, 1961 and the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules 1961, facilitating smooth transaction of business in Ministries/ Departments of the Government by ensuring adherence to these rules. The PMO provides secretarial assistance to the Prime Minister. It is headed by the Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister. The PMO includes the anti-corruption unit and the public wing dealing with grievances.

Parliamentary Forums

Jul 29, 2015
The Parliamentary Forums have been constituted with the objective of equipping members with information and knowledge on specific issues of national concern and in assisting them to adopt a result-oriented approach towards related issues. These Forums provide a platform to members to have interaction with the Ministers concerned, experts and key officials from the nodal Ministries.

Parliamentary Committees

Jul 29, 2015
The Parliament has to perform complex and varied kind of functions. A committee can be called a Parliamentary committee if it is appointed or elected by the house or nominated by the Speaker or the Chairman; it has a secretariat provided by the Lok Sabha/Rajya Sabha secretariat.

Parliament of India

Jul 29, 2015
The supreme legislative organ of the union of India is called the Parliament. Indian Constitution provides us a Parliamentary Democracy. Parliament of India is made from Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and President. Articles 79-122 of the Indian Constitution deal with the composition, powers and procedures of the Parliament of India.

Panchayati Raj System in India

Jul 29, 2015
The passage of the Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 (or simply the Panchayati Raj Act) marks a new era in the federal democratic set up of the country. It was based on the recommendation of Balwant Rai Mehta committee. It came into force with effect from April 24, 1993. It has a 3-tier system of Panchayati Raj for all States having population of over 20 lakh.

Official Language in Indian Constitution

Jul 28, 2015
Article 346 of the Indian Constitution recognizes Hindi in Devanāgarī script as the official language of central government India. The Constitution also allows for the continuation of use of the English language for official purposes. Article 345 provides constitutional recognition as "Official languages" of the union to any language adopted by a state legislature as the official language of that state.

National Development Council

Jul 28, 2015
National Development Council (NDC) is an executive body established by the Government of India in August 1952, which is neither a constitutional nor a statutory body. It is the apex body to take decisions on matters related to approval of five year plans of the country. Prime minister is the ex-officio chairman of the NDC.