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  • Authoritative Text of the Constitution in Hindi Language

    Article 394 A deals with the Authoritative Text of the Constitution in Hindi Language. The Constitution did not provide for any authoritative text of the Constitution in the Hindi language. The 58th Constitution Amendment Act, 1987 inserted Article 394-A in Part XXII of the Constitution.

    Jul 27, 2015
  • Attorney General of India

    Article 76 and 78 deals with the Attorney General of India. The Attorney General of India is the highest law officer of the country. He is responsible to assist the government in all its legal matters. The President appoints the Attorney General (AG). The person who is appointed should be qualified to be appointed a judge of the Supreme Court. That means, he should be a judge of some high court for five years or an advocate of some high court for ten years.

    Jul 27, 2015
  • Advocate General of the State

    Article 165 deals with the Advocate General for the State and Article 177 deals with the rights of Ministers and Advocate General as respects the Houses. The Advocate General is the highest law officer in the state. He is responsible to assist the state government in all its legal matters. He defends and protects the interest of the state government. The office of the Advocate General in state corresponds to the office of Attorney General of India.

    Jul 27, 2015
  • Central Vigilance Commission

    Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) is an apex Indian governmental body created in 1964 to address governmental corruption, monitoring all vigilance under the central government, and advising various authorities in central government organization in planning, executing, reviewing their vigilance work. It has the status of an autonomous body.

    Jul 23, 2015
  • Emergency Provisions in Indian Constitution

    The Indian Constitution gives President the authority to declare three types of emergencies: national emergency, state emergency, and financial emergency. Emergency provisions in India are borrowed from Weimar Constitution of Germany. Constitution of India envisages emergency of following three types: Article 352- National emergency Article 356-Emergency in state(president’s rule) Article 360- Financial emergency

    Jul 23, 2015
  • District Collector/Magistrate in India

    The position of District Collector was created by Warren Hastings in 1772. The main functions of the district collector were to supervise general administration, to collect land revenue and to maintain law and order in the district. He was the head of the revenue organization. He was responsible for registration, alteration, and partition of holdings; the settlement of disputes; the management of indebted estates; loans to agriculturists, and famine relief.

    Jul 23, 2015
  • The Constituent Assembly of India

    The Constituent Assembly of India was a sovereign body, which was formed on the recommendation of the Cabinet Mission, which visited India in 1946 to draft a Constitution for the country. A Drafting Committee was set up under the chairmanship of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar to prepare a draft Constitution for India.

    Jul 23, 2015
  • Chief Minister in India

    Chief Minister is the real executive, de facto head of the Government, one among the subordinate officers to Governor. His position is analogous to the position of PM at union level. According to the Constitution of India, the Governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the Chief Minister. Following elections to the state legislative assembly, the Governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government.

    Jul 23, 2015
  • Writs and their Scope

    A Writ means an order i.e. anything that is issued under an authority is known as a writ. The Constitution of India empowers the Supreme Court and the High Courts to issue Writs for the enforcement of the fundamental rights conferred by the Part-III of the Indian Constitution under Article 32 and Article 226. There are five types of Writs- Habeas Corpus, Mandamus, Certiorari, Prohibition and Quo- Warranto.

    Jul 18, 2015
  • The Acts passed before the Formation of Indian Constitution

    In India, the British Government passed various laws and acts before the formulation of the constitution. The Regulating Act of 1773 was enacted as a first step to regulate the working of East India Company. However, the Indian Independence Act, 1947 finally ended the British rule in India and declared India as an independent and sovereign nation with effect from August 15, 1947.

    Jul 18, 2015
  • Supreme Court of India

    The Indian constitution under Article 124(1) states that there shall be a Supreme Court of India consisting of a Chief justice of India (CJI) and 31 judges including the CJI. The Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India can broadly be categorised into original jurisdiction, appellate jurisdiction and advisory jurisdiction. However, there are other multiple powers of the Supreme Court.

    Jul 18, 2015
  • Political Parties in India

    A political party is a group of people who share similar political views and come together to contest elections and try to hold power in the government. India follows a multi-party system and has the largest number of political parties in the world. Political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (EC). Currently there are 6 national parties in India.

    Jul 18, 2015
  • Planning Commission of India

    The Planning Commission of India was a non-constitutional and non-statutory body, which was responsible to formulate India’s five years plans for social and economic development in India. Prime minister of India is the Ex-officio chairman of the planning commission. It was established on 15 March, 1950 in accordance with article 39 of the constitution which is a part of directive principles of state policy.

    Jul 18, 2015
  • Planning Commission and NITI Aayog

    The Planning Commission was a non-constitutional and non-statutory institution of the Government of India, which formulated India’s five-year plans. However, this commission was replaced by the NITI Aayog, an advisory body on social and economic issues.

    Jul 18, 2015
  • Parliamentary System in India

    India has a parliamentary system of Government. Article 74 and Article 75 deal with the parliamentary system at the centre and Articles 163 and 164 deals with the states. There are multiple features of the Parliamentary system and various advantages over the Presidential system.

    Jul 18, 2015