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Wildlife and its Conservation

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What are the steps taken for the Conservation of Wildlife?

May 29, 2017
Conservation of Wildlife is necessary to recognize the importance of nature and other wildlife species. It is important to protect the endangered plants and animal species along with their natural habitat. The main concern is to preserve the habitats so that the future generations of wildlife and even humans can enjoy it. This article deals with the steps required for the conservation of Wildlife.

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List of Regional distribution of the Wild Animals around the World

Feb 28, 2017
The distribution of animal is an important area of study in Environment & Ecology as well as Zoogeography which deals with the fauna characteristics, classification, spatial distribution, association, and migration of different species of animals. Here, we are giving the list of Regional distribution of the Wild Animal around the World which will helps the aspirant in strengthening the knowledge of aspirants who are preparing for the examinations like UPSC, State Services, IBPS, SBI, SCC, Railways etc.

Ecology and Ecosystem: A Complete Overview

Feb 18, 2017
The Environment is our basic life support system which provides the air for breathing, the water for drinking, the food for eating and the land for a living. It is collectively portrayed all the external forces and conditions, which influences the life, nature, growth and maturity of living organism, whereas ‘Ecology’ is the scientific analysis and study of interactions among organisms and their environment.

The Blackbuck (The Indian Antelope): Facts at a Glance

Apr 29, 2016
The blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) also known as the Indian antelope. The blackbuck is the sole extant member of the genus Antilope. It stands up to 74 to 84 cm in height. Males weigh 20–57 kilograms while females are lighter, weighing 20–33 kilograms on an average. It can run at the speed of 50 kms/hr. Its life span is 10 to 15 years. IUCN tagged the blackbuck as Near Threatened.

What is the Relevance of IUCN Red Data Book?

Apr 28, 2016
The IUCN Red List (founded in 1964) is the world’s most authentic source of information on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species and their links to livelihoods within the territory of the state or country. Far more than a list of species and their status, it is a powerful tool to inform and catalyse action for biodiversity conservation and policy change - critical to protecting the natural resources we need to survive.

List of Endangered Animals in India

Apr 27, 2016
India has added 15 more species to the “Red List” of threatened species published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in 2014. But the country has climbed down a spot to the seventh position. By the year-end, India had 988 threatened species on the list, which lists critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable species. In 2013, the number was 973. With 659 species in 2008, the increase over seven years is 50 per cent.

List of Ten Critically Endangered Species of Birds in India

Apr 25, 2016
Ten species of birds seen in India have been tagged critically endangered by the International Union for Conversation of Nature (IUCN) for 2015. The list of endangered birds includes Great Siberian Crane, Indian Bustard, White backed Vulture and Red-headed Vulture, Forest Owlet, Spoon Billed Sandpiper,White Bellied Heron etc. The main reasons behind the decline in the population of these birds include loss, modification, fragmentation and degradation of habitat, environmental contaminants, poaching and land use changes.

The Siberian Crane or the Snow Crane: facts at a Glance

Apr 22, 2016
The Siberian crane (Leucogeranus leucogeranus), are also known as the Siberian white crane or the snow crane. Siberian crane are nearly all snowy white, except for their black primary feathers that are visible in flight and with two breeding populations in the Arctic tundra of western and eastern Russia. The eastern populations migrate during winter to China while the western population migrates in Iran, India and Nepal during winter. Among the cranes, they make the longest distance migrations.

Snow Leopard: Important Facts at a Glance

Apr 22, 2016
The snow leopard (Panthera uncia syn. Uncia uncia) is a large cat inhabitant of mountain ranges of Central and South Asia. It is listed as endangered species in the IUCN Red List. The global population of these leopards was estimated at 4,080–6,590 adults in 2013, of which fewer than 2,500 individuals may reproduce in the wild. These leopards are able to jump as far as 50 feet (15 meters).

Yak the “Grunting Ox”: Facts at a Glance

Apr 21, 2016
There are two types of Yak: domestic and wild. Domestic Yak are smaller, have a less shaggy coat, and probably originated from wild Tibetan Yak. Domestic Yaks are used for travel and as draft animals. Yaks are valuable for their milk, meat, wool, and dung. The wild Yak is threatened by loss of habitat and over hunting. Their current status is “vulnerable.” The male wild Yak can weigh up to 2200 pounds and is 6.5 feet high at the shoulder.

Do you Know these Facts about Red Panda

Apr 1, 2016
The Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens) are found in the forest canopy in the mountains of Nepal, India, Bhutan, China, Laos and Myanmar. As clear from their name, red pandas are red, and have white and black markings. Their legs and bellies are black. Their tails are ringed. They even have fur on the soles of their feet, which helps them stay warm in the high altitudes where they live. The name of the Firefox web browser is said to have been derived from a nickname of the red panda.

Do you know these Facts about Blue Whales

Apr 1, 2016
Blue whale is the largest animal on the planet. It can be found in all oceans of the world. They usually spend the summer in arctic water and migrate to southern (warmer) waters during winter time. Blue whales are very old creatures - they exist on the Earth 54 million years. Number of blue whales decreased drastically in the first half of the 20th century when whalers hunted them nearly to extinction. Today there are nearby 20000 whales are left.

Why Indian Vultures are vanishing: A Complete Analysis?

Mar 30, 2016
In the decade of 1980s, the number of white-Rumped vultures was around 80 million in India. Today its number decreased to less than 60 thousand (2012).This is the fastest disappearance of any bird species in the world, including Dodo. As we know that vulture plays a prominent role in the sanitation work. The disappearance of vulture has resulted in the explosion of rats etc. This degradation cost around US $ 25 bn. up to 2015.

Do you know these Facts about Whales

Mar 30, 2016
Whales belong to the order cetacea, which includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. Whales are divided into two suborders: baleen and toothed whales. Baleen whales have a comb-like fringe, called a baleen, on the upper jaw, which is used to filter plankton, as well as small fish and crustaceans. They are the largest species of whale. Toothed whales have teeth and prey on fish, squid, other whales and marine mammals. They sense their surrounding environment through echolocation.

Sariska Tiger Reserve: Facts at a Glance

Mar 25, 2016
Sariska Tiger Reserve is located in Alwar District of Rajasthan in lap of Aravali hills. Sariska Tiger Reserve or Sariska National Park was a hunting reserve area for Alwar state. It got a status of wildlife reserve in year 1955 and in year 1978 it became Sariska Tiger Reserve. It covers area of 866 sq kms. The Wild life 0f Sariska Park includes Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopard, Jungle Cat, Caracal, Striped Hyena, Golden Jackal, Chital, Sambhar, Blue Bull, Chinkara, Four Horned antelope.

Ranthambore National Park: Facts at a Glance

Mar 25, 2016
Ranthambore National Park is in Sawai Madhopur District of Rajasthan. It is located at the junction of the Aravalli and Vindhya hill range.The park covers an area of Approximately 400 sq Km and if combined it with the area of sawai man singh sanctuary area, it is around 500 Sq km. Ranthambore national park was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1957 and in 1974 it gained the protection of "Project Tiger". It got the status of a National Park in 1981.

The Kanha National Park: The Largest Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh

Mar 18, 2016
The Kanha National Park is situated in the Maikal range of Satpuras in Madhya Pradesh. The national park is being popularized as the Tiger reserve. It is spreading across two districts the Mandala and the Kalaghat. Kanha National Park was declared a reserve forest in 1879 and revalued as a wildlife sanctuary in 1933. Its position was further upgraded to a national park in 1955. The picturesque Kanha National Park was the inspiration behind Rudyard Kipling's unforgettable classic Jungle Book.

Jim Corbett National Park the Paradise of Tigers: A Fact File

Mar 18, 2016
Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest national park in India and was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park to protect the endangered Bengal tiger. It is located in Nainital district of Uttarakhand and was named after Jim Corbett who played a key role in its establishment. The park was the first to come under the Project Tiger initiative. Area of the Jim Corbett Park is 520.82 sq km (1318 sq km Corbett National Park including Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary).

Gir National Park: Home of Asiatic Lion

Mar 18, 2016
Gir National Park & Wildlife Sanctuary is the last shelter of the surviving population of the Asiatic Lion. The park stretched in 1412 sq. km of deciduous forest covering semi-evergreen and evergreen flora, acacia, scrub jungle, grasslands and rocky hills. As per the 14th Asiatic Lion Census May, 2015 the population of lion has increased to 523 (27% up compared to previous census in 2010). Currently there are 109 males, 201 females and 213 young/cubs/lions in the Gir National Park & Wildlife Sanctuary.

Dachigam National Park: Home of the Hangul

Mar 18, 2016
Dachigam National Park was established in 1981 and it is located in the high altitude temperate zone in Jammu & Kashmir which is only 22 km away from the Srinagar. The average height of the park is 2990 meters from the sea level. The park is spread in 141 kms. Main trees found in the park are; Himalayan moist temperate evergreen, moist deciduous and shrubs, deodar, pine and oak. The term Dachigam stands ‘ten villages’.

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