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  • Sri Lanka

    An island in the Indian Ocean off the southeast tip of India. Most of the land is flat and rolling; mountains in the southcentral region rise to over 8,000 ft (2,438 m).

    Dec 14, 2010
  • Spain

    Spain occupies 85% of the Iberian Peninsula, which it shares with Portugal, in southwest Europe. Africa is less than 16 km south at the Strait of Gibraltar. A broad central plateau slopes to the south and east, crossed by a series of mountain ranges and river valleys.

    Dec 14, 2010
  • South Africa

    South Africa, on the continent’s southern tip, is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west and by the Indian Ocean on the south and east. The kingdom of Lesotho forms an enclave within the southeast part of South Africa, which occupies an area nearly three times that of California.

    Dec 14, 2010
  • Somalia

    Between January 1991 and August 2000, Somalia had no working government. In 2004, a new transitional Parliament was instituted and elected a president.

    Dec 14, 2010
  • Solomon Islands

    A scattered archipelago of about 1,000 mountainous islands and low-lying coral atolls, the Solomon Islands lie east of Papua New Guinea and northeast of Australia in the south Pacific. The islands include Guadalcanal, Malaita, Santa Isabel, San Cristóbal, Choiseul, New Georgia, and the Santa Cruz group

    Dec 14, 2010
  • Slovenia

    Slovenia is largely a mountainous republic and almost half of the land is forested, with hilly plains spread across the central and eastern regions.

    Dec 14, 2010
  • Slovakia

    Slovakia is located in central Europe. The land has rugged mountains, rich in mineral resources, with vast forests and pastures.

    Dec 14, 2010
  • Singapore

    The Republic of Singapore consists of the main island of Singapore, off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula between the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean, and 58 nearby islands.

    Dec 14, 2010
  • Sierra Leone

    Sierra Leone, on the Atlantic Ocean in West Africa. Mangrove swamps lie along the coast, with wooded hills and a plateau in the interior. The eastern region is mountainous.

    Dec 14, 2010
  • Seychelles

    The Seychelles consist of an archipelago of about 100 islands in the Indian Ocean northeast of Madagascar. The principal islands are Mahé, Praslin, and La Digue.

    Dec 14, 2010
  • Serbia

    Republic. Serbia was one of six republics that made up the country of Yugoslavia, which broke up in the 1990s. In Feb. 2003, Serbia and Montenegro were the remaining two republics of rump Yugoslavia, forming a loose federation.

    Dec 14, 2010
  • Senegal

    The capital of Senegal, Dakar, is the westernmost point in Africa. Senegal is mainly a low-lying country, with a semidesert area in the north and northeast and forests in the southwest. The largest rivers include the Senegal in the north and the Casamance in the southern tropical climate region.

    Dec 14, 2010
  • Saudi Arabia

    Saudi Arabia was an absolute monarchy until 1992, at which time the Saud royal family introduced the country’s first constitution. The legal system is based on the sharia (Islamic law).

    Dec 14, 2010
  • Sao Tome and Principe

    The tiny volcanic islands of São Tomé and Príncipe lie in the Gulf of Guinea about 150 mi (240 km) off West Africa. São Tomé (about 330 sq mi; 859 sq km) is covered by a dense mountainous jungle, out of which have been carved large plantations.

    Dec 14, 2010
  • San Marino

    San Marino is surrounded by Italy. It is situated in the Apennines, a little inland from the Adriatic Sea near Rimini.

    Dec 14, 2010