100 Years of Indian Cinema: Indian Script Writers
Orson Wells, an American filmmaker, said, the writer ought to have the 1st and the last word in film making. Unluckily in Indian Cinema nowadays, the contrary holds good. Writing has progressively taken a backseat to other facets of film making. With the exclusion of Salim - Javed duo, a large number of Indians would be pushed to commit to memory the names of screen writers who were after the accomplishment of many block busters. Indian cinema hasn’t a lack of ability but due gratitude to writers has been missing lately.
Indian cinema needs to revitalize the idealism of the earlier period when film makers put their full confidence in the screen writers and gave them the credit they ought to have for giving them a block buster movie. Indian Cinema can brag of writers who plead and accomplished out to dissimilar sections of civilization, the minds that surveyed something we had not heeded before, stalwarts who gave appreciation, reverence and distinction to the expertise of screen writing.
Here is a mark of respect to some of the supreme script writers of Indian cinema.
The renowned Director-Producer Mehboob Khan’s right hand male, Wajahat Mirza was one of the earliest script writers who was exceedingly commended by detractors and the spectators for his part in making Mehboobs Aurat, a classic, Mehboobs all time preeminent films that succeeded Indian cinema its 1st Oscar nomination. Besides Mother India, he was linked with Mehboob as screen writer for Hum Tum Aur Who, Watan, Behen and Ek Hi Raasta. His other noteworthy movies are Ganga Jamuna, Mughal-E-Azam, Leader, Shatranj, Love and God and Ganga Ki Saugandh.
Khwaja Ahmad Abbas
Well - known Writer and Journalist, K. A. Abbas bestowed some of the utmost Indian movies as a script writer Dr. Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani, Naya Sansar, Awara, Dharti Ke Lal, Munna, Anhonee, Shri 420, Jagte Raho, Char Dil Char Rahen, Pardesi, Sapnon Ka Saudagar, Mera Naam Joker, Shehar Aur Sapna, Do Boond Pani, Saat Hindustani, Achanak, Zindagi Zindagi, Henna and Bobby. As a Director -Producer Abbas gave a break to new - comer Amitabh Bachchan in Saat Hindustani. His film Pardesi was chosen for the Golden Palm at Cannes Film Festival. Khwaja Ahmad Abbas also had the admiration of becoming a part of the Jury at Berlin International Film Festival in the year 1966.
Pt. Mukhram Sharma
The most renowned story writer with communal themes in the 50’s, Pt. Mukhram Sharma had an extended alliance with B R Chopra. He had written numerous stories which were super hit. Some of his noteworthy movies are Aulad, Ek Hi Raasta, Dhool Ka Phool and Sadhna. Pt. Mukhram Sharma had also bagged Filmfare awards for Vachan, Aulad and Sadhna. His other hit movies include Do Kalian, Santaan, Raja Aur Rank, Jeene Ki Raah, Gharana, Talaq and Dadi Maa. He won the award from Sangeet Natak Academy in 1961.
Dearest of the 1960s, 1970s and part of 1980s, Gulshan Nanda was undeniably one of the best selling writers of his time. He was one of the most flourishing writers from the viewpoint of Indian cinema on whose novels a lot of hit films have been made. He had worked with some of the unsurpassed and appreciated directors and banners in Bollywood namely Ram Maheshwari, L. V. Prasad, Subodh Mukherjee, Shakti Samant, Chetan Anand and Yash Chopra. Many of the movies written by him unswervingly or based on his write ups were not only commercially triumphant but also memorized as all time grand movies Neel Kamal, Kaajal, Khilona, Ajnabi, Pathar Ke Sanam, Kati Patang, Hanste Zakhm, Jheel Ke Us Paar and Sharmilee. These movies have captivating plots and are benchmark for vigorous leisure.
A script writer with Midas touch, he was allied with the utmost number of block buster films made by Bollywood Anuradha, Lajwanti, Love in Tokyo, Ayee Milan Ki Bela, Aaye Din Bahar Ke, Brahmchari, Janwar, Ziddi, Aan Mili Sajna, Caravan, Andaz, An Evening in Paris, Aradhna, Khel Khel Mein, Dosti, Zindagi, Azaad, Do Aur Do Panch, Hum Kisi Se Kam Nahin, Gol Maal, Karz, Nastik, Bemisal, Zameen Aasman, Saudagar, Jhoothi, Koyla, Dushman, Karan Arjun, Koi Mil Gaya, Aa Ab Laut Chalen, Krrish and Kisna. He also bagged a Filmfare Award for Brahmchari.
A great story writer, Akhtar Mirza was coupled with Bollywood as a screenwriter in 1950s and 1960s, bagging Filmfare Awards for the Best Story for the movie Naya Daur and Waqt. His other distinguished movies were Ab Dilli Door Nahin, Bawre Nain, Dhund and Mohabbat Isko Kehte Hein.
Prominent Urdu writer, a radical feminist, Ismat Chugtai discovered middle - class gentility, sprouting conflicts in modern Muslim world and feminine sexuality. A grand story writer, she bagged Filmfare Award for the Story of Garam Hawa. Her most impressive movies are Sone Ki Chidia, Junoon and Arzoo in which she also had screen facade.
Distinguished and extensively esteemed screen writer, Prayag Raj had an extensive actor - writer alliance with Amitabh Bachchan since 1970s Amar Akbar Anthony, Suhaag, Parvarish, Naseeb, Coolie, Desh Premi, Gereftaar, Ganga Jamuna Sarswati, Mard, Ajooba, Zamaanat and Mard. The other noteworthy films of Prayag Raj include Roti, Aa Gale Lag Ja, Dharam Karam, Deewana Mastana and Ponga Pandit.
Salim – Javed
Javed Akhtar and Salim Khan’s team fetched the writer to the front as never before in Indian cinema. They were the 1st to make the writer a celebrity in his own right and they swayed a fee often privileged than the actors starring in the movies they wrote. They were accountable for the fact of the angry young man in 1970s personified by the famous Amitabh Bachchan. Deewar, Zanjeer, Sholay, Trishul and Don allocated an immense deal of their victory to the writing of duo. They also fetched a major variation in the Hindi film dialogue insistent thespian dialogue became a fashion in movies.
Director, lyricist and writer, Gulzar is recognized for movies that are insightful, inspired and yet very booming. They were a reception reprieved from the vicious movies that packed the 70s and the 80s. Preparatory as Bimal Roy’s permanent Assistant, he developed into one of the handpicked lyricists and screen writers of Hindi films, with a lengthy list of memorable movies Mere Apne, Anand, Guddi, Koshish, Achanak, Parichay, Khushboo, Namak Haram, Aandhi, Kitaab, Chupke Chupke, Mausam, Grih Pravesh, New Delhi Times, Masoom, Angoor, Namkeen, Ijaazat, Rudaali, Lekin, Saathia and Maachis. He won Filmfare Awards for Anand and Saathia.
There are some more screen writers who have made recognition for themselves for their momentous involvement in making of Indian films and are worthy to be commended in conjunction with them:
- Shams Lucknovi (Andaz)
- Ritwick Ghatak (Madhumati)
- R. K. Narayan (Guide)
- Kaifi Azmi (Heer Ranjha)
- Sujit Sen (Saransh, Arth)
- Sudhir Mishra (Jeene Bhi Do Yaaro)
- Kamna Chandra (Chandni, Prem Rog, 1942: A Love Story)
- Honey Irani (Darr, Lamhe, Kaho Na Pyaar Hai, Kya Kehna, Krrish, Koi Mil Gaya)
Moreover, hats off to some very triumphant director-producers who have demonstrated that they were also great screen writers O. P. Dutta, I. S. Johar, Govind Nihlani, Shyam Benegal, Subhash Ghai, Shekhar Kapoor, Karan Johar, Ashutosh Govarker, Rajkumar Santoshi, Vishal Bhardwaj and Madhur Bhandarker.