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Eid-ul-Fitr 2021: Date in India, History, Significance, Prayers, Wishes, and More

Arfa Javaid

"Allahumma ahillahu 'alaina bil-amni wal-iman, was-salamati wal-Islam, Rabbi wa Rabbuk-Allah, Hilalu rushdin wa khairin," Prophet Mohammad used to supplicate this Quranic verse at the sight of the new moon. 

Eid-ul-Fitr 2021 is celebrated across the world by Muslims to mark the end of the holy month of fasting (Ramadan) and the beginning of the new month (Shawwal). Eid is the only day in the month of Shawwal (the month after Ramadan) on which fasting is prohibited.  This year Eid will be celebrated in India on 14 May 2021.

It is to be noted that the crescent moon is first seen in Saudi Arabia and then the rest of the world celebrates the festival. Hence, the date of Eid contrasts from one country to another.

Eid-ul-Fitr Meaning: The Occasion of Breaking Fast

Eid-ul-Fitr: History

In 624 CE, the Eid-ul-Fitr was celebrated for the first time by the Prophet Muhammad and his companions after winning the battle 'Jang-e-Badar'. It is also said that the festival of Eid is celebrated in Medina after the migration of Prophet Muhammad to Mecca, as per the narration by Anas ibn Malik, a close companion of Prophet Muhammed. 

Eid-ul-Fitr: Significance

Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated on the first day of the month of Shawwal and is based on the sight of the moon as Islam follows the lunar calendar (waning and waxing of the moon) and not the Gregorian calendar. Therefore, the Eid celebration differs from one place to another. Muslims are not permitted to fast on this day of Shawwal and is celebrated to mark the end of the month of fasting.

On this auspicious occasion, charity is given to the poor and needy. During the month of Ramadan, Zakat-al-Fitr (a charitable contribution) is given to the underprivileged and is an essential part of Islam. 

Eid-ul-Fitr: Prayers

On the first day of the month of Shawwal, Muslims wake up before sunrise and offer Fajr Salat. The male Muslims take shower, put on new clothes and get ready for the Salat-al-Eid.

Salat-al-Eid consists of two rakats and Takbirs (raising hands to ears while saying, Allahu Akbar). This Salat is performed differently by Shia and Sunni Muslims. 

Although Eid-ul-Fitr prayers are performed in the congregation, however, amid the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, several Muslim leaders have urged the people to offer Eid prayers at home. 

Eid-ul-Fitr: Celebrations

Muslims on this day wear new clothes, offer Salat and visit family and friends. Eidi (money)and gifts are given to children and relatives. Delicacies like Sewain and Sheerkhurma are prepared by Muslims as a part of the tradition. Sewain or Sheerkhurma is served to all the guests who pay a visit on Eid to celebrate the festival. 

Eid-ul-Fitr: Quotes and wishes

1- Let this Eid be the occasion of sharing the love and caring for the people who need to be loved and cared for. Eid Mubarak!

2- Eid is a day to cheer and to laugh with all your heart. It’s a day to be grateful to Allah for all of his heavenly blessings on us. Wishing a happy Eid to you and your family.

3- May the light of the moon fall directly on you and Allah bless you with everything you desire today. Happy Eid!

4- Eid Mubarak! Wishing you a Happy Eid from the core of my heart. May this day bring a bundle of happiness and blessings for you and your family. 

5- May the festival of breaking the fast put all the magic of love and happiness together. Happy Eid-ul-Fitr.   

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