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GDP of India: Sector wise contribution in Gross Domestic Product in 2020-21

Tulika Tandon

India's GDP is the measure of its economic state. Various sectors have their contribution in it. Take a look below at such contributions and the difference these sectors make due to it in the economy. 

The service sector is the biggest sector of India with the Gross Value Added at current prices as 96.54 lakh crore in 2020-21. Today the service sector accounts for almost 54% of Indian GVA of 179.15 lakh crores. The Industry sector lags behind it with 25.92% contribution and the Agriculture sector is at the third place with 20.19% contribution. 

In case we calculate at 2011-12 prices, the Agriculture & allied, Industry, and Services sector's composition is 16.38%, 29.34%, and 54.27%, respectively.

Take a look at the division of the service sector and each division's contribution in GDP.

Service Sector Contribution:

Service Sector divisions

% Contribution

Primary (comprising agriculture, forestry, fishing, and mining & quarrying)

21.82 percent

Secondary (comprising manufacturing, electricity, gas, water supply etc

24.29 percent

Tertiary (services) sectors

53.89 percent

If we calculate from 1950-51, the share of the services sector has improved to 57.03%. Share of the Industry sector has also increased to 24.77%. 

Contribution to GDP: Sector-wise

At present, the following situation is there in the sector's contribution. View the table below:

Sector

Contribution

Agriculture

20.19%

Service

53.89%

Industry

25.92%

 

Sector-wise GDP Allocation in India can be viewed from the table below:

 

Sector

Constant Prices (INR Crores)

Share %

Current Prices (INR Crores)

Share %

Agriculture Sector

2,040,079

16.38 %

3,616,523

20.19 %

Agriculture,forestry & fishing

2,040,079

16.38 %

3,616,523

20.19 %

Industry Sector

3,654,362

29.34 %

4,644,385

25.92 %

Mining & quarrying

294,644

2.37 %

292,120

1.63 %

Manufacturing

2,107,068

16.92 %

2,585,740

14.43 %

Electricity, gas, water supply & other utility services

306,254

2.46 %

484,477

2.70 %

Construction

946,396

7.60 %

1,282,048

7.16 %

Services Sector

6,758,989

54.27 %

9,654,259

53.89 %

Trade, hotels, transport, communication and services related to broadcasting

2,208,388

17.73 %

2,941,477

16.42 %

Financial, real estate & prof servs

2,872,815

23.07 %

3,950,786

22.05 %

Public Administration, defence and other services

1,677,786

13.47 %

2,761,996

15.42 %

 

In the next table you can see the contribution of various sectors to the GVV of India based on the specific division of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary sectors. Take a look below:

 

Sectors

Constant Prices (INR) in Crores

Share%

Current Prices (INR) in Crores

Share%

Primary Sector

2334723

18.75 %

3908643

21.82 %

Agriculture,forestry & fishing

2040079

16.38 %

3616523

20.19 %

Mining & quarrying

294644

2.37 %

292120

1.63 %

Secondary Sector

3359718

26.98 %

4352265

24.29 %

Manufacturing

2107068

16.92 %

2585740

14.43 %

Electricity, gas, water supply & other utility services

306254

2.46 %

484477

2.70 %

Construction

946396

7.60 %

1282048

7.16 %

Tertiary Sector

6758989

54.27 %

9654259

53.89 %

Trade, hotels, transport, communication and services related to broadcasting

2208388

17.73 %

2941477

16.42 %

Financial, real estate & prof service

2872815

23.07 %

3950786

22.05 %

Public Administration, defense and other services

1677786

13.47 %

2761996

15.42 %

 

The Primary Sector consists of agriculture, forestry and fishing while the secondary sector consists of industries like manufacturing, electricity, gas, water and other utility services. Tertiary sector consists of trade, hotels, transport, communication, financial services, real estate etc. 

Read| GK Quiz on Special Economic Zones (SEZ) in India 

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