Geographical Distribution of Cement Industry in India

Cement Industry is mainly based on non-metallic mineral. Its major raw materials are limestone and coal. At present, the raw-materials that have emerged as an alternative are oceanic shells, sluge and stage. The cement industries which use oceanic shells as a raw material has been set up at Dwarka (Gujarat), Thiruananthapuram (Kerala), and Chennai (Tamil Nadu).

India is one of the largest cement producers in the world after China. First cement plant was set up in Porbandar, Gujarat in 1904 whereas the production of cement was started in 1904 in Madras (Now Chennai).

The Indian Cement Industry with Modernization and technology up-gradation has become a continuous process for industry. At present international standards and benchmarks in the quality of cement and building materials produced are met in India and is able to compete international markets.

Geographical Distribution of Cement Industry in India

Madhya Pradesh is the largest cement producer in India and hold 23 cement plants in the state. Followed by the Andhra Pradesh which holds 19 plants, Rajasthan with 15 plants and Gujarat.

1. Madhya Pradesh

Major Centre: Katni, Jamul, Satna, Durg, Maihar, Neemach

2. Andhra Pradesh

Major Centre: Vijayawada, Karimnagar, Cementnagar, Krishna, Adilabad

3. Rajasthan

Major Centre: Hopur, Chittorgarh, Udaipur

4. Karnataka

Major Centre: Bhadravati

5. Gujarat

Major Centre: Porbandar

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6. Jharkhand

Major Centre: Sindri

7. Uttar Pradesh

Major Centre: Churk, Dalla

8. Punjab

Major Centre: Bhupendra Nagar

9. Maharashtra

Major Centre: Chandrapur

10. West Bengal

Major Centre: Durgapur

In India, only twenty (20) companies are dominated the cement industry which account for almost 70% of the total cement production in India. The Government of India is strongly focused on infrastructure development to boost economic growth and is aiming for 100 smart cities which intend to expand the capacity of the railways and the facilities for handling and storage to ease the transportation of cement and reduce transportation costs. These measures would lead to increased construction activity thereby boosting cement demand.

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