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GK Questions and Answers on Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)

Tulika Tandon

The Belt and Road initiative, earlier known as China's One Belt One Road initiative, is a global development strategy adopted in 2013 by the Chinese Government. Take the GK Quiz based on BRI below:

  1. What is the other name of BRI?
  1. One Belt One Road
  2. Silk Road Economic Belt
  3. 21st Century Maritime Silk Road
  4. All of the above 

Ans. a

Explanation: The Belt and Road Initiative is also known in Chinese and formerly in English as One Belt One Road initiative. Belt refers to the Silk Road Economic Belt and Road refers to 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. 

  1. When did the Chinese government adapt the Belt and Road initiative ?
  1. 2011
  2. 2012
  3. 1991
  4. 2013

Ans. d

Explanation: The Belt and Road Initiative was adapted in the year 2013. 

  1. When is the target completion of the BRI Project?
  1. 2050
  2. 2049
  3. 2040
  4. 2030

Ans. b

Explanation: The project has a target completion date of 2049. It coincides with the centennial anniversary of the People's Republic of China

  1. How many belts have been approved by China as a part of the Silk Road Economic Belt?
  1. 3
  2. 2
  3. 1
  4. 4

Ans. a

Explanation: Three belts have been approved in this project. The first being the North Belt, second being the Central Belt and the third being the South belt. 

  1. The central belt of the Silk Road Economic Belt project consists of?
  1. Central Asia and Russia to Europe
  2. Central Asia and West Asia 
  3. China through Southeast Asia and South Asia
  4. India and Pakistan

Ans. b

Explanation: The Central belt passes through Central Asia and West Asia to the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean.

  1. How many countries are a part of BRI?





Ans. d

Explanation: 140 countries are a part of BRI. As per the official statement, As of January 2021, the number of countries that have joined the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) by signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with China is 140.

  1. What would not be built as a part of infrastructure in the BRI?
  1. Power Plants
  2. Roads
  3. Churches
  4. Railways

Ans. c

Explanation: Under BRI, Chinese banks and companies seek to fund and build roads, power plants, ports, railways, 5G networks, and fiber-optic cables around the world.

  1. Blue DOT network considered as an alternative to BRI is formed by which of the following countries?
  1. USA
  2. Japan
  3. Australia 
  4. All of the above

Ans. d

Explanation: Blue DOT Network is formed by USA, Japan, Australia to provide assessment and certification of infrastructure development projects across the world. 

  1. In which year was the belt and road initiative adopted in the Chinese constitution?
  1. 2013
  2. 2014
  3. 2017
  4. 2019

Ans. c

Explanation: The initiative was incorporated into the Constitution of China in 2017.

  1. China's belt and road initiative would pass from:
  1. Rotterdam
  2. Moscow
  3. Djibouti
  4. All of the above 

Ans. d

Explanation: China's one belt one road or the belt and road initiative would pass from all of the above mentioned countries. 

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