List of countries and their national games

A game is a structured form of play which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to the participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators. Any sports which are designated as the national sport of a country either based on the popularity of the game or based on its historical connect from that country. The national games of the countries are considered to be important for the country or are significant for their cultural values.

Countries and their national games

 

1. Afghanistan

 

Buzkashi is the national game of Afghanistan which is also known as Kopar, Kupari and Ulak Tartysh.

 

 

Source: www.ontravelarabia.com

 

National Game: Buzkashi

 

2. Antigua and Barbuda

 

It has a very rich culture which is complimented by the rich history. European sports largely influence the region and among all the sports, Cricket is the most popular among them. Hence on the basis of popularity, Cricket became national game.

 

 

Source: www.rosewoodhotels.com

 

National Game: Cricket

 

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3. Argentina

 

Although Argentina well known World’s is one of the best Football playing nation but Pato is the official national sport since 1953.

 

 

Source: www.argentinaindependent.com

 

National Game: Pato

 

4. Australia

 

Australian sports culture is one of the important features of sporting landscape. Cricket, Australian Rules football, rugby union and horse racing are among the earliest organised sports in Australia. Among all games, Cricket and Australian Rules Football (AFL) are taken as national game/ sport not only because of popularity but also its sporting history.

 

National Game: Cricket and Australian Rules Football (AFL)

 

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5. Bangladesh

 

Cricket, Football and Kabaddi are considered as the most popular games in Bangladesh but Kabaddi is the national game of the country.

 

 

National Game: Kabaddi

 

6. Barbados

 

Cricket is considered to be an intrinsic part of the culture of Barbados. Recently, government has implemented a policy of sports-based tourism. Barbados Cricket Association is the apex body to govern the cricket locally. Barbados has given famous cricketers- Sir Garfield Sobers, Sir Everton Weekes, Sir Clyde Walcott and Sir Frank Worrell.

 

National Game: Cricket

 

7. Bermuda

 

There are varieties of sports played in Bermuda but Cricket is most popular due to British influence.

 

National Game:  Cricket

 

8. Bhutan

 

Archery is the national sport declared by the Kingdom in 1971 when it became the member of UN. Throughout the history of Bhutan, bow and arrow were an important means of survival in the highlands during wars and hunts and also it plays a significant role in their myths and legends. For example- images of gods holding bow and arrow.

 

 

Source: www.michiganarchersassociation.com

 

National Game: Archery

 

9. Brazil

 

Capoeira is an Afro-Brazilian martial art that is combination of dance and music, and is marked by deft, tricky movements. It is culturally significant and evolves during colonial times by slaves. It is popular not only in Brazil but also practices internationally through computer games and movies.

 

 

Source: www.youtube.com

 

National Game: Capoeira

 

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10. Bulgaria

 

Bulgaria is well known for its weightlifter because weightlifters won medals on almost every big weightlifting and set many world records on championships including the Olympic Games. The most distinguished weightlifters are Stefan Botev, Nikolay Peshalov, Demir Demirev and Yoto Yotov.

 

 

Source: www.olympicweightlifting.eu

 

National Game: Weightlifting

 

11. Canada

 

It has two national games- Ice hockey (In Winter) & Lacrosse (In Summer). National Sports of Canada Act quotes:  "Hockey and Lacrosse to be national sports. The game commonly known as ice hockey is hereby recognized and declared to be the national winter sport of Canada and the game commonly known as Lacrosse is hereby recognized and declared to be the national summer sport of Canada."

 

 

National Game: Ice hockey (In Winter) & Lacrosse (In Summer)

 

12. Chile

 

Chilean Rodeo is not only traditional sport but also national sport (declared in 1962).

 

 

Source: cdn.c.photoshelter.com

 

National Game: Chilean rodeo

 

13. China

 

China has not formally declared a national sport but on the basis of popularity table tennis called as national game.

 

 

Source: www.languageties.com

 

National Game: Table Tennis

 

14. Cuba

 

Cuban sports culture is very influence from the United States of America, hence among all the sports baseball is very popular among Cuban people.

 

National Game: Baseball

 

 

Source: totalsportscomplex.com

 

15. Czech Republic

 

Football and Ice Hockey are the two leading sports played in the country but ice hockey draws more attention because of popularity and professional stability.

 

National Game: Ice Hockey

 

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16. Dominican Republic

 

Baseball is the most popular sport in the country. After the United States, it has the second-highest number of baseball players in Major League Baseball (MLB).

 

National Game: Baseball

 

17. England

 

Soccer is the nation’s most popular sport but Cricket is the national game not by law but de facto.

 

National Game: Cricket

 

18. France

 

Sports culture is very rich in France that reflected its popularity among French people and sporting history. Football became de facto national game.

 

National Game: Football

 

19. Haiti

 

National Game: Football

 

20. Hungary

 

Water Polo is a national game of Hungary. They are considered the world's top power in the history of water polo, having won 15 Olympic, 10 World Championship, 5 FINA World League, 8 FINA World Cup and 21 European Championship medals.

 

National Game: Water Polo

 

 

Image source: stagebanter.ca

 

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21. India

 

The Golden Era of hockey in India was the period from 1928 - 1956 when India won 6 successive gold medals in the Olympic Games. Now cricket is more popular than hockey in india.

Note: As per recent RTI, the Sports Ministry has made it clear that it has not declared any sport as national game whereas the web portal of Government National Portal of India has posted an article glorifying field hockey under the heading 'National Game'.

 

22. Israel

 

Football is the most popular sport in Israel. The sport is under the jurisdiction of the Israel Football Association. It joined the Asian Football Confederation in 1954, but was booted out in 1974 due to political pressure from Arab world during the Arab–Israeli conflict.

 

National Game: Football

 

23. Italy

 

Football (Calcio in Italian) is a national sport of Italy and currently the second most successful football team in World Cup history, after Brazil, having won four FIFA World Cup championships.

 

National Game: Football

 

24. Indonesia

 

Badminton is the national game from both the participation and spectating aspect. It has won gold medals in badminton in every Olympic Games since the sport was first introduced to the Olympics in 1992 except in 2012 Summer Olympics.

 

National Game: Badminton

 

 

Source: sport.co.in

 

25. Lithuania

 

Basketball is the only sports which religiously followed by the people after Catholicism.

 

National Game: Basketball

 

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26. Iran

 

Wrestling is regarded as national game due to its long tradition and history. There are many styles of folk wrestling, from Varzesh-e Pahlavani to Zurkhaneh which have similarities with modern freestyle wrestling.

 

National Game: Wrestling

 

27. Jamaica

 

Sport is a significant part of Jamaican culture. It is one of the leading countries in sprinting with the current world record holder for 100m and 200m, Usain Bolt and the former 100m world record holder, Asafa Powell but on the basis of popularity, cricket is considered as national game.

 

National Game: Cricket

 

28. Japan

 

Sumo wrestling is considered to be country’s national sport. It is a competitive full-contact wrestling sport where a rikishi (wrestler) attempts to force another wrestler out of a circular ring (dohyo) or into touching the ground with anything other than the soles of his feet. The characters literally mean "striking one another".

 

National Game: Sumo Wrestling

 

 

Image source: www.bloomberg.com

 

29. Malaysia

 

Sepak Takraw is the national sport of the Malaysia. It is similar to volleyball or badminton except players cannot use their hands.

 

National Game: Sepak Takraw

 

 

Source: amp-img.antaranews.com

 

30. Mongolia

 

There are three national games of Mongolia, known locally as 'the three games- Mongolian wrestling, archery and horse riding.

 

National Game: Mongolian wrestling, archery and horse riding.

 

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31. Mauritius

 

The national sport of Mauritius is Football and became a member of FIFA in 1962 and Confederation of African Football in 1963.

 

National Game: Football

 

32. Mexico

 

The national game of Mexico is Charrería. It is a competitive event similar to rodeo and was developed from animal husbandry practices used on the haciendas of old Mexico.

 

National Game: Charreria

 

 

Source: s-media-cache-ak0.pinamp-img.com

 

33. Nepal 

 

Dandi Biyo (similar to Indian Gilli Danda) is played with a stick about two feet long and a wooden pin about six inches long. The pin is a small wooden stick with pointed ends.

 

National Game: Dandi Biyo

 

34. New Zealand

 

Rugby union is the national game in New Zealand, and is popular across all sections of New Zealand society, and many New Zealanders associate it with their national identity.

 

National Game: Rugby union

 

 

Source: www.telegraph.co.uk

 

35. Norway

 

The national sport of Norway is Cross-country skiing. It is a form of skiing where skiers rely on their own locomotion to move across snow-covered terrain, rather than using ski lifts or other forms of assistance.

 

National Game: Cross-country skiing

 

 

Source: www.olympic.org

 

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36. Pakistan

 

The National game of Pakistan is Field Hockey.

 

National Game: Field Hockey

 

37. Philippines

 

The National game of Philippines is Arnis. It is the system of Filipino fighting arts founded by Remy Presas as a self-defense system.

 

National Game:  Arnis

 

 

Source: theobamaforum.com

 

38. Poland

 

National Game:  Football

 

39. Peru

 

Paleta frontón is a Peruvian sport which similar to tennis.

 

National Game: Paleta Fronton

 

 

Source: i.ytamp-img.com

 

40. Russia

 

Chess is the most popular game in Russia but Bandy (form of hockey) is considered to be national game.

 

National Game: Bandy

 

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41. Scotland

 

The national game of Scotland is Golf because of its origin. More than six centuries ago, the first courses and rule of the game were developed.

 

National Game: Golf

 

 

Source: calamigosguestranch.com

 

42. Serbia

 

The Football, basketball, volleyball and water polo are the most popular sports in Serbia but there is no official announcement for national game.

 

43. Slovenia

 

The national game of Slovenia is skiing.

 

 

Source: upload.wikimedia.org

 

National Game: Skiing

 

44. South Korea

 

Taekwondo is the national game because it is often claimed to have historical origins on the Korean peninsula with origins said to have been traced as far back as the 1st century BCE.

 

National Game: Tae-kwon-do

 

 

Source: www.darumamartialarts.com

 

45. SriLanka

 

The national sport of Sri Lanka is Volleyball. Other popular sports are water sports, badminton, athletics, football, basketball and tennis.

 

 

National Game: Volleyball

 

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46. Switzerland

 

The National game of Switzerland is Shooting and Gymnastics.

 

National Game: Shooting and Gymnastics

 

47. Tajikistan

 

The national sport of Tajikistan is Gushtigiri (type of wrestling).

 

National Game:  Gushtigiri

 

48. Turkey

 

Oil wrestling / grease wrestling is the Turkish national sport. It is so called because the wrestlers douse themselves with olive oil.

 

National Game: Oil wrestling

 

49. USA

 

The national game of USA is Baseball not by law but through de facto.

 

National Game:  Baseball

 

 

Source: quotezee.blogspot.com

 

50. Venezuela

 

The national game of Venezuela is Baseball. It is known to produce some of the most skilled baseball players in the world for example Luis Aparicio.

 

National Game: Baseball

 

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List of countries and their national games

Name of Countries

National Game

Afghanistan

Buzkashi

Antigua and Barbuda

 

Cricket

Argentina

 

Pato

 Australia

 

Cricket and Australian Rules Football (AFL)

Bangladesh

 

Kabaddi

Barbados

 

Cricket

Bermuda

 

Cricket

Bhutan

 

Archery

Brazil

 

Capoeira

Bulgaria

 

Weightlifting

Canada

 

Ice hockey (In Winter) & Lacrosse (In Summer)

Chile

 

Chilean rodeo

China

 

Table Tennis

Cuba

 

Baseball

Czech Republic

 

Ice Hockey

Dominican Republic

 

Baseball

 England

 

Cricket

France

 

Football

Haiti

 

Football

Hungary

 

Water polo

India

 

Field hockey*

Israel

 

Football

Italy

 

Football

Indonesia

 

Badminton

Lithuania

 

Basketball

Iran

 

Wrestling

Jamaica

 

Cricket

Japan

 

Sumo Wrestling

Malaysia

 

Sepak Takraw

Mongolia

 

Mongolian wrestling, archery and horse riding.

Mauritius

 

Football

Mexico

 

Charreria

Nepal 

 

Dandi Biyo

New Zealand

 

Rugby union

Norway

 

Cross-country skiing

Pakistan

 

Field Hockey

Philippines

 

Arnis

Poland

 

Football

Peru

 

Paleta Frontón

Russia

 

Bandy

Scotland

 

Golf

Serbia

 

Football, basketball, volleyball and water polo 

Slovenia

 

Skiing

South Korea

 

Tae-kwon-do

SriLanka

 

Volleyball

Switzerland

 

Shooting and Gymnastics

Tajikistan

 

Gushtigiri

Turkey

 

Oil wrestling

USA

 

Baseball

Venezuela

 

Baseball

National Game or National Sport of the country is an intrinsic part of their culture. The above list of countries and their national games is usefull for both the sports lovers and for the aspirants of different competitive examinations.

Note: Most of the countries have not declared particular sports as "National game" but on the basis of popularity, it has been informally considered as the national game.

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