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List of Endangered Animals in India

India has added 15 more species to the “Red List” of threatened species published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in 2014. But the country has climbed down a spot to the seventh position. By the year-end, India had 988 threatened species on the list, which lists critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable species. In 2013, the number was 973. With 659 species in 2008, the increase over seven years is 50 per cent.

A. Critically Endangered Species in India are given below-

1. Anthropods

i. Rameshwaram Parachute Spider (Poecilotheria hanumavilasumica)

ii. Peacock Tarantula (Poecilotheria metallica)

iii. Poecilotheria metallica

2. Birds

i. White-bellied heron (Ardea insignis)

ii. Great Indian bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps)

iii. Forest owlet (Athene blewitti)

iv. Baer's pochard (Aythya baeri)

v. Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Calidris pygmaea)

vi. Siberian crane (Grus leucogeranus)

Vii. White-rumped vulture (Gyps bengalensis)

vii. Indian vulture (Gyps indicus)

viii. Slender-billed vulture (Gyps tenuirostris)

ix. Bengal florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis)

x. Himalayan quail (Ophrysia superciliosa)

xi. Jerdon's courser (Rhinoptilus bitorquatus)

xii. Pink-headed duck (Rhodonessa caryophyllacea)

xiii. Red-headed vulture (Sarcogyps calvus)

xiv. Sociable lapwing (Vanellus gregarius)

xv. Bugun liocichla (Liocichla bugunorum)

3. Fish

i. Knifetooth sawfish (Anoxypristis cuspidata)

i. Wayanad Mahseer (Barbodes wynaadensis)

ii. Pondicherry shark (Carcharhinus hemiodon)

iii. Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus)

iv. Glyptothorax kashmirensis (Glyptothorax kashmirensis)

v. Kudremukh Glyptothorax (Glyptothorax kudremukhensis)

vi. Nilgiri Mystus (Hemibagrus punctatus)

vii. Horalabiosa arunachalami (Horalabiosa arunachalami)

viii. Hypselobarbus pulchellus (Hypselobarbus pulchellus)

ix. Red Canarese Barb (Hypselobarbus thomassi)

x. Deccan labeo (Labeo potail)

xi. Mesonoemacheilus herrei (Mesonoemacheilus herrei)

xii. Bovany Barb (Neolissochilus bovanicus)

xiii. Deolali Minnow (Parapsilorhynchus prateri)

xiv. Pookode Lake Barb (Pethia pookodensis)

xv. Common sawfish (Pristis pristis)

xvi. Largetooth sawfish (Pristis microdon)

xvii. Longcomb sawfish (Pristis zijsron)

xviii. Psilorhynchus tenura (Psilorhynchus tenura)

xix. Deccan Barb (Puntius deccanensis)

xx. Humpback mahseer

xxi. Schistura papulifera (Schistura papulifera)

4. Insects

i. Pygmy Hog Sucking Louse (Haematopinus oliveri)

5. Reptiles and Amphibians

i. Madras Spotted Skink (Barkudia insularis)

ii. Northern river terrapin (Batagur baska)

iii. Red-crowned roofed turtle (Batagur kachuga)

iv. Cnemaspis anaikattiensis(Cnemaspis anaikattiensis)

v. Hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata)

vi. Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus)

vii. Ghats wart frog (Fejervarya murthii)

viii. Jeypore Ground Gecko (Geckoella jeyporensis)

ix. Gundia Indian frog (Indirana gundia)

x. Toad-skinned frog (Indirana phrynoderma)

xi. Charles Darwin's frog (Ingerana charlesdarwini)

xii. Rao's torrent frog (Micrixalus kottigeharensis)

xiii. Dattatreya night frog (Nyctibatrachus dattatreyaensis)

xiv. Sacred Grove Bushfrog (Philautus sanctisilvaticus)

xv. Amboli bush frog (Pseudophilautus amboli)

xvi. White-spotted bush frog (Raorchestes chalazodes)

xvii. Green Eyed Bushfrog (Raorchestes chlorosomma)

xviii. Griet bush frog (Raorchestes griet)

xix. Kaikatti Bushfrog (Raorchestes kaikatti)

xx. Mark's Bushfrog (Raorchestes marki)

xxi. Munnar bush frog (Raorchestes munnarensis)

xxii. Ponmudi bush frog (Raorchestes ponmudi)

xxiii. Resplendent shrubfrog (Raorchestes resplendens)

xxiv. Shillong bubble-nest frog (Raorchestes shillongensis)

xxv. Anaimalai flying frog (Rhacophorus pseudomalabaricus)

xxvi. Sushil's Bushfrog (Raorchestes sushili)

xxvii. Amboli Toad (Xanthophryne tigerina)

xxviii. Ghats Wart Frog (Zakerana murthii)

6. Mammals

i. Asiatic cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus)

ii. Namdapha flying squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi)

iii. Himalayan wolf ("Canis himalayensis")

iv. Elvira rat (Cremnomys elvira)

v. Andaman Shrew (Crocidura andamanensis)

vi. Jenkins' shrew (Crocidura jenkinsi)

vii. Nicobar shrew (Crocidura nicobarica)

viii. Northern Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis)

ix. Kondana soft-furred rat (Millardia kondana)

x. Pygmy hog (Porcula salvania)

xi. Indian Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis)

xii. Malabar large-spotted civet (Viverra civettina)

xiii. Elvira rat (Cremnomys elvira)

xiv. Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla)

xv. Kashmir stag (Cervus canadensis hanglu)

B. Endangered

1. Fish

i. Asian arowana (Scleropages formosus)

ii. Red Line Torpedo Barb (Sahyadria denisonii)

2. Birds

Narcondam hornbill (Rhyticeros narcondami)

3. Reptiles

Assam roofed turtle (Pangshura sylhetensis)

4. Mammals

i. Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica)

ii. Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris)

iii. Blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus)

iv. Banteng (Bos javanicus)

v. Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii)

vi. Central Kashmir vole (Alticola montosa)

vii. Dhole (Cuon alpinus)

viii. Fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus)

ix. Fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus)

x. Ganges river dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica)

xi. Gee's golden langur (Trachypithecus geei)

xii. Kolar leaf-nosed bat (Hipposideros hypophyllus)

xiii. Hispid hare (Caprolagus hispidus)

xiv. Hoolock gibbons (Hoolock spp.)

xv. Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus)

xvi. Indian wild ass (Equus hemionus khur)

xvii. Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus)

xviii. Markhor (Capra falconeri)

xix. Mandelli's mouse-eared bat (Myotis sicarius)

xx. Marbled cat (Pardofelis marmorata)

xxi. Nilgiri marten (Martes gwatkinsii)

xxii. Nicobar flying fox (Pteropus faunulus)

xxiii. Nilgiri langur (Trachypithecus johnii)

xxiv. Nilgiri tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius)

xxv. Nicobar treeshrew (Tupaia nicobarica)

xxvi. Palm rat (Rattus palmarum)

xxvii. Red panda (Ailurus fulgens)

xxviii. Red goral (Naemorhedus baileyi)

xxix. Sangai

xxx. Snow leopard (Uncia uncia)

xxxi. Smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata)

xxxii. Sei whale (Balaenoptera borealis)

xxxiii. Stump-tailed macaque (Macaca arctoides)

xxxiv. Sloth bear (Melursus ursinus)

xxxv. Servant mouse (Mus famulus)

xxxvi. Sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus)

xxxvii. Swamp deer (Rucervus duvaucelii)

xxxviii. Takin (Budorcas taxicolor)

Image source:www.zoochat.com

xxxix. Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii)

xl. White-bellied musk deer (Moschus leucogaster)

xli. Wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee)

xlii. Wild goat (Capra aegagrus)

xliii. Woolly flying squirrel (Eupetaurus cinereus)

Yak (Bos grunhniens)

C. Vulnerable

Listed by the IUCN As of 2012:

1. Mammals

Clouded leopard

Image Source: insider.si.edu

Dugong

Indian rhinoceros

Gaur

Rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus)

2. Reptiles and amphibians

Olive Ridley Sea Turtle-

Image source: orientalbirdimages.org

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