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List of India’s neighbouring countries

India is located latitudinally in the Northern Hemisphere and longitudinally in the Eastern Hemisphere. In this article, we are providing you with a list of India’s neighbouring countries and the states of India bordering them. This will help the students to enhance their general knowledge in dealing with the questions related to the Geography of India in different academic as well as competitive examinations.

Basic Concepts in Geography

Physical Background of India

India has a land frontier of 15,200 km. The total length of the coastline of the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands and Andaman and the Nicobar Islands is 7,516.6 km.  India shares its border with seven countries- Afghanistan and Pakistan to the North-West, China, Bhutan and Nepal to the North, Myanmar to the far East and Bangladesh to the East. Sri Lanka (from the South-East) and Maldives (from the South-West) are two countries with water borders.

The list of India’s neighbouring countries are:

A total of 9 countries share borders with India. Out of these, 7 countries share land borders and 2 countries share sea borders with India. Bhutan is the smallest neighbouring country of India in terms of land borders.

Neighbouring Country

Bordering States

Afghanistan

Jammu and Kashmir (POK Part)

Bangladesh

West Bengal, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Assam

Bhutan

Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Sikkim, and West Bengal

China

Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh

Myanmar

Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, and Nagaland

Nepal

Sikkim, West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttrakhand

Pakistan

Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Gujarat, and Rajasthan

Neighbouring countries of India at a glance

1- Afghanistan

Border Length- 106 km

Official Languages – Dari, Pashto

Currency – Afghan Afghani

2- Bangladesh

Border Line – 4096.7 Km

Official Language – Bengali

Currency – Bangladeshi Taka

3- Bhutan

Border Line – 699 km

Official Language – Dzongkha

Currency – Ngultrum

4- China

Border Line – 3488 km

Official Language – Mandarin

Currency – Chinese Yuan

5- Myanmar

Border Line – 1643 km

Official Language – Burmese

Currency – Burmese Kyat

6- Nepal

Border Line – 1751 km

Official Language – Nepali

Currency – Nepalese Rupee

7- Pakistan

Border Line – 3323 km

Official Language – Urdu

Currency – Pakistani Rupee

8- Sri Lanka

Border Line – Sea Border

Official Language – Sinhala, Tamil

Currency – Sri Lankan Rupee

9- Maldives

Border Line – Sea Border

Official Language – Dhivehi

Currency – Maldivian Rufiyaa

India has the third-largest international border in the world after China and Russia, and also the most sensitive border of the world that varies from extreme climatic conditions to infiltration.

The above-mentioned list of India's neighbouring countries can be asked in many academic as well as competitive examinations.

Complete Study Material on Indian Geography

Which Indian states share boundaries with China?

FAQ

What is the length of India's land frontier?

India has a land frontier of 15,200 km. The total length of the coastline of the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands and Andaman and the Nicobar Islands is 7,516.6 km.

Which is the largest neighbouring country of India?

China is the largest neighbouring country of India.

Which is the smallest neighbouring country of India?

Bhutan is the smallest neighbouring country of India.

What are the neighbouring countries of India?

India shares its border with seven countries- Afghanistan and Pakistan to the North-West, China, Bhutan and Nepal to the North, Myanmar to the far East and Bangladesh to the East. Sri Lanka (from the South-East) and Maldives (from the South-West) are two countries with water borders.

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