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List of Mountain passes in Peninsular India

The Peninsula is a large mass of land projecting into a body of water. The Indian Peninsular Plateau is a part of the ancient Gondwanaland and is in triangular shape. Its average height is between 600 to 900 m. It is consists of the Eastern Ghats of Coromandel, Western Ghats covering the western coast of India, Aravalli in northwest between Gujarat and Rajasthan, Vindhya and Satpura ranges in central India. In Himalayas, we find the examples of horizontal movements, but in the peninsular plateau, we find the examples of vertical movements.

Mountain passes in Peninsular India

1. Bhor Ghat

It was the ancient trade route developed by the Satavahana Dynasty to connect the ports (Choul, Revdanda, Panvel) on the Konkan coast and the surrounding areas of the Deccan plateau. This ghat comes under the proposed Golden Quadrilateral Freight Corridors.

State: Maharashtra, India

Location: situated on the crest of the Western Ghats

Between/Separating: Lies between Palasdari and Khandala for railway and between Khopoli and Khandala on the road route in Maharashtra.

2. Goran Ghat

It connects the city of Udaipur with Sirohi and Jalore in Rajasthan. It is about 1200 metres above sea level.

State: Rajasthan

Location: South of Mount Abu (Aravalli Range)

Between/Separating: It separates Gurushikar from Mount Abu.

3. Palghat

It is also called Palakkad Gap. It is an important mountain pass in the Western Ghats mountain range, in southwestern India that runs along the entire eastern edge of Kerala isolating it from the neighbouring Tamil Nadu.

State: Tamil Nadu - Kerala, India

Location: between Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu and Palakkad in Kerala

Between/Separating: It connects the Nilgiri Hills to the north and the Anaimalai Hills to the south.

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4. Thal Ghat

It also called as Thul Ghat or Kasara Ghat. It is a series of mountain slopes in the Western Ghats traversed by the Bhusawal-Kalyan line.

State: Maharashtra, India

Location: Sahyadri Range of Western Ghat

5. Asirgarh Fort Pass

It was built by the King Ahir of Ahir Dynasty to connect the north India with Deccan Plateau.Hence, it is popularly known as Dakkani Darwaza or Doorway to the Deccan.

State: Madhya Pradesh

Location: Lies in Satpura Range

Between/Separating: It connects the north India with Deccan Plateau.

6. Haldighati Pass

It is historically very significant because famous Battle of Haldighati took place in 1576 between the Kingdom of Mewar (army led by Maharana Pratap) and Mughal emperor Akbar's general Man Singh I of Amer. This region is famous for charity rose product and the mud art of Molela.

State: Rajasthan, India

Location: Aravalli Range of Rajasthan in western India

Between/Separating: It connects Rajsamand and Pali districts of Rajasthan.

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7. Amba Ghat Pass

It has picturesque mountain scapes and pleasant climate. This region is famous for paragliding sport.

State: Maharashtra, India

Location: Sahydari Mountains of Western Ghats

Between/Separating: It connects Ratnagiri district to Kolhapur

8. Chorla Ghat Pass

This region is famous for the rare species of wolf snake (Lycodon striatus).

State: Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra.

Location: Sahyadri mountain range of Western Ghats (On the intersection of the borders of Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra)

Between/Separating: It connects Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra.

9. Malshej Ghat Pass

This region is famous for wide varieties of birds such as quails, rails, crakes, flamingos and cuckoos.

State: Maharashtra, India

Location: Sahydari Range of Western Ghats (Lofty rugged hills of the Western Ghats)

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10. Naneghat Pass

It is also called as Nanaghat or Nana Ghat. It was a part of an ancient trading route. There are various caves in this region and major cave with Hindu Sanskrit inscriptions in Brahmi script.

State: Maharashtra, India

Location: Sahydari Range of Western Ghats

Between/Separating: It connects Pune district to Junnar City.

11. Tamhini Ghat

This region is famous for sprawling green Ghats, misty roads and cascading waterfalls.

State: Maharashtra, India

Location: Sahyadri Range of Western Ghats

Between/Separating: It connects the talukas of Mulshi and Tamhini in Pune district.

12. Amboli Ghat Pass

This region is for wild life, dense hilly forests, Hiranyakeshi temple and a number of waterfalls.

State: Maharashtra, India

Location: Sahyadri Range of Western Ghats

Between/Separating: It connects Sawantwadi of Maharashtra to Belgaum of Karnataka.

13. Kumbharli Ghat Pass

It connects the coastal Ratnagiri District in Konkan region of Maharashtra with the Satara District in Desh region.

State: Maharashtra, India

Location: Western Ghats

Between/Separating: It connects the coastal Ratnagiri District in Konkan region of Maharashtra with the Satara District in Desh region.

Important Passes in India

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