List of Religious Cults and Movements of Medieval India

India is a birthplace of various religions, creeds and faiths. Religion has played an important role in the lives of the Indian people from the earliest time. But religion in India has never been static; various movements have developed with new ideas and in response to evolving socio-economics situations.

The social, political, cultural and religious Movements that emerged in various parts of India during medieval times tried to ties the people together with a harmonious cord. The religious movement of Medieval India had tremendous impact on the literature and language of the country. Rulers like Akbar was greatly influenced by the Bhakti and Sufi Philosophers, which made him to follow a secular stand in the area of religion.

Religious Cults and Movements of Medieval India




1190  AD

Chishti Movement (Sufi)

Muinuddin Chishti

1250 AD

Suharavardi Silsila (Sufi)

Bahauddin Zacharia

14th Century AD

Firdausia Cult (Sufi)

Serfuddin Yahya

15th Century AD

Dharmadasi Cult

Saint Kabir Das

15th Century AD

Mahadevi movement

Sayyad Mohammad Mahadi

15th Century AD

Shattari Cult (Sufi)

Abdulla Sattari

1500 AD

Qadiri a Silsila

Sheikh Abdul Qadir

16th Century AD

Nipakh Movement

Dadu Dayal

16th Century AD

Sikh Movement

Guru Nanak

16th Century AD

Hari Kirtan Mandali


16th Century AD

Roshania Movement

Mian Bajid Ansari

16th Century AD

Pushti Marg


16th Century AD

Barkari Sect


17th Century AD

Naqsh Bandi Silsila

Khwaja Baki Villah

17th Century AD

Dharkari Sect

Ram Das

The Sufi and Bhakti Movements brought a new form of religious expression amongst Muslims and Hindus. The Sufis were mystics who called for liberalism in Islam. They emphasised on an egalitarian society based on universal love. The Bhakti saints transformed Hinduism by introducing devotion or bhakti as the means to attain God. For them caste had no meaning and all human beings were equal. The Sufi and Bhakti saints played an important role in bringing the Muslims and Hindus together.

Medieval History: A Complete Study Material


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