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The Blackbuck (The Indian Antelope): Facts at a Glance

The blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) also known as the Indian antelope. The blackbuck is the sole extant member of the genus Antilope. It stands up to 74 to 84 cm in height. Males weigh 20–57 kilograms while females are lighter, weighing 20–33 kilograms on an average. It can run at the speed of 50 kms/hr. Its life span is 10 to 15 years. IUCN tagged the blackbuck as Near Threatened.

Location of the Blackbuck:

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Pictures of the Blackbuck:

Male Blackbuck:

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Female Blackbuck:


Image Source: www.flickr.com

Facts at a Glance:

1. The blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra) also known as the Indian antelope.
2. The species was first described by Swedish zoologist Carl Linnaeus in 1758.
3. Males blackbuck weight around 20–57 kilograms while females are lighter, weighing around 20–33 kilograms.
4. Male have ringed horns, 35–75 cms. long, though females may also have horns .
5. Herbivores blackbuck grazes on low grasses.
6. Females become sexually mature at eight months, but usually do not mate before two years. Males mature later, at one-and-a-half years.
7. Gestation is typically six months long, after which a single calf is born.
8. Its lifespan is typically 10 to 15 years.
9. IUCN tagged the blackbuck as Near Threatened.
10. Hunting of blackbuck is prohibited in India under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.
11. The blackbuck has 30 male chromosomes and 31 female chromosomes.
12. Major predators of blackbuck are Wolves, Cheetahs and pariah dogs.
13. Water is a daily requirement of the blackbuck so they prefer to stay near water.
14. In the Indian subcontinent, the blackbuck can also be found in deserts (in the northwestern region), coastal areas, and mountains (in the northern-northeastern region).
15. Blackbuck prefers a bit warm climate.
16. The blackbuck is active mainly during the day.
17. Blackbuck is found in several protected areas of India, including: Gir Forest National Park and Velavadar Wildlife Sanctuary (Gujarat); National Chambal Sanctuary, Guindy National Park, Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary (Bihar); Ranibennur Blackbuck Sanctuary (Karnataka); Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary (Maharashtra); Ranthambhore National Park and Tal Chhapar Sanctuary (Rajasthan); Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary and Vallanadu Wildlife Sanctuary (Tamil Nadu).
18. Blackbuck milk contains 6.9% protein, 9.3% fat, and 4.3% lactose.
19. The tentative numbers of blackbuck is between 40000 to 50000 in India.
20.It can run at the speed of 50 km/hr.

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