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Top 10 Most Densely Populated States In India

Population density of a region/city/state/country is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. There are several factors that affect the population density for example- climate, location, etc. In this article, we are giving the ten most densely populated states in India. Bihar is the most densely populated State while Delhi is the most densely populated Union Territory in India as per Census 2011.

List of the Top Ten Most Densely Populated States of India

Rank

State

Area (Sq. Km)

2011 Census

2001 Census

Density

Population

Density

Population

1

Delhi

1483

11320

16787941

9340

13850507

2

Chandigarh

114

9258

1055450

7900

900635

3

Puducherry

490

2547

1247953

2034

974345

4

Daman and Diu

111

2191

243247

1413

158204

5

Lakshadweep

30

2149

64473

1895

60650

6

Bihar

94163

1106

104099452

881

82998509

7

West Bengal

88752

1028

91276115

903

80176197

8

Kerala

38852

860

33406061

819

31841374

9

Uttar Pradesh

240928

829

199812341

690

166197921

10

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

491

700

343709

449

220490

Source: http://www.census2011.co.in/density.php

1. Bihar is the densest state in the country, succeeded west Bengal.
2. Delhi is the densest union territory in the country, followed by Chandigarh and Puducherry.

Racial Groups of India

The density of Population of India in a Chronological Order

Year

Density of population
per sq km

Absolute increase

Percentage increase

 

1901

77

--

--

1911

82

5

6.5

1921

81

-1

-1.2

1931

90

9

11.1

1941

103

13

14.4

1951

117

14

13.6

1961

142

25

21.4

1971

177

35

24.6

1981

216

39

22

1991

274

51

23.6

2001

324

58

21.7

2011

382

57

17.5

Source: census 2011

Top Crops Producing States of India

Population Policies of India

Different methods for calculating the density of population

Density and distribution have distinct connotations but sometimes used for example distribution states the actual pattern of spacing of units of individuals whereas density expresses the ratio between population and land area. The different methods to calculate population density are given below:

Arithmetic density: The overall number of inhabitants/ land area (calculated in sq. miles or km).
Urban density: Population peopling a metropolitan region/overall area of a metropolitan region.
Ecological optimum: Population density which is backed by the natural reserves.
Physiological density: The overall population/area of productive farming land.
Agricultural density: The overall agrarian population/area of productive farming land.
Residential density:
Population inhabiting a metropolitan region/area of housing space.

Composition of Indian population

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