Traditional Agriculture and its impact on the environment
Human has sacrificed their natural resources for economic development from the dawn of Human civilisation to the modern world. In the evolutionary period of agriculture, people used the practice of slash and burn cultivation or shifting cultivation, which is still prevalent in the tribal region of northeast India.
What is traditional agriculture?
Traditional Agriculture can be defined as a primitive style of farming that involves the intensive use of indigenous knowledge, traditional tools, natural resources, organic fertilizer and cultural beliefs of the farmers. It is noteworthy that it is still used by about 50% of the world population.
Characteristics of traditional agriculture
1. Extensive farming with indigenous knowledge and tools
2. Indigenous tools like axe, hoe, and stick
3. Method: Slash & Burn, and Shifting Cultivation
4. Cattle raisin helps to create fallow land
5. Absence of accountability and responsibility to the Environment
6. Lacked by surplus production
Impact of traditional agriculture on Environment
The impacts of traditional agriculture on Environment are discussed below:
1. Depletion of Nutrients
The primitive style of framing like slash and burn decreases the organic matter from the soil and within the short period of time the nutrient content of the soil taken up by the crops. This makes the farmers to move to another place for farming.
It is the process of the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land for the conversion of forestland to farms, ranches, or urban use. The most concentrated deforestation occurs in tropical rainforests. The slash & burn, and shifting cultivation required massive cutting down of the forest which leads to the situation of deforestation.
3. Soil Erosion
It is a process of the removal of topsoil by the natural physical forces of water and wind or through forces associated with farming activities such as tillage. The roots of the plant and trees firmly hold the soil, but the deforestation exposed the soil to get eroded by the weathering forces like rain, wind and storms which causes the loss of top fertile soil.
Hence, we can say, it is our duty to deal with the most mundane problems of life where each individual matters, like dealing with safe and clean drinking water, hygienic living conditions, clean and fresh air, fertile land, healthy food and sustainable development.
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