What is the difference between Indian and Islamic style of architecture?

Architecture began when the artistic faculties of man awakened in the search for larger and better, which inherited the aesthetic sense. It is develop and accommodate the cultural, social and economic imprints of different times.

The Indian architecture has evolved from the centuries, which can be divided into three distinct phases: 1. Ancient Architecture; 2. Medieval Architecture; 3. Modern Architecture. The style of architecture not only influence by the religion and culture, but also from the geographical, climatic, ethnic, racial, historical and linguistic mixture.

The Islamic architecture is the assimilation of many architectural styles such as Roman, Byzantine, Persian, Mesopotamian architecture and Indian architecture.

Difference between Indian and Islamic style of architecture

Indian style of architecture

Islamic style of architecture

It evolved in various ages in different parts and regions of the country.

It evolved after the advent of Islam but influenced by Roman, Byzantine, Persian, Mesopotamian architecture.

It is popularly known as ‘trabeate Style’.

It is popularly known as ‘Mehrab Style’.

Temples were decorated with the images of living beings. Under the auspicious art, padam, chakra, swastika and kalash etc. were represented.

The representation of living beings in Islam is prohibited. So, in the Indo-Islamic architecture was based on calligraphy and geometrical designs.

Architectural buildings can be traced back to the World's first urban civilisation, i.e. Indus Valley Civilisation which is known its town planning and engineering skills. Rock-cut caves, Temples, reservoir, the Palace and the Fort are the prominent architectural types.

The Mosque, the Tomb, the Palace and the Fort are the prominent architectural types.

There are three styles of Indian temple architecture: Nagara Style; Visara Style; Dravida Style.

There are three styles of Islamic  architecture: Greco-Roman tradition;  

Eastern tradition (Mesopotamia and Persia); Indian Styles. It is  a unique blend of Islamic, Persian and Indian styles.

It had horizontal and vertical elements which were joint using the brackets.

The empty spaces are filing using mehrab, arches, vaults and domes etc.

The distinct architectural style of construction in different parts was a result of geographical, climatic, ethnic, racial, historical and linguistic diversities. It has pyramidical shaped central tower (Vimana) as well as beehive shaped curvilinear tower (Shikhara).

In this architecture, architectural expression focused on the interior decoration, courtyard and geometric design.

After the decline of Mughal dynasty, Indian architecture was blended with the brilliant architectural engineering of the British. The British architecture is called 'Indo-Saracenic architecture'. This style evolved from the Indian architecture and Indo-Islamic architecture which is also known as Indo-Gothic, Mughal-Gothic, Hindu-Gothic and Neo-Mughal architecture.

What is the difference between Dravida and Nagara style of architecture?

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