World Osteoporosis Day 2019: History and Facts

Osteoporosis means porous bone. It is a disease of bone in which the density and quality of bone are reduced. World Osteoporosis Day educates people about the importance of good health, taking care of the body and protecting bones and muscles from disabling and life-threatening fractures.

The campaign mainly focuses the people below 50 ages, about the role of a healthy diet, an exercise of bone health, lifestyle and preventive measures so that quality life can be enjoyed. Most of the time, osteoporosis disease is not detected at an early age. Therefore, it is necessary to take timely action, treatment, etc.

World Osteoporosis Day (WOD): History

The activities organised on World Osteoporosis Day is sponsored by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) to educate people about the devastating bone disease. Do you know the person suffering from osteoporosis disease renders bones so frail and brittle that any slight movement or action like sneezing may be life-threatening and can cause never-ending pain as the entire bone breaks and fractures?

Human Skeletal System: Structure|Functions|Diseases

With the support of the European Commission, World Osteoporosis Day was started in the United Kingdom. On 20 October 1996, in the United Kingdom, World Osteoporosis Day became a project of the National Osteoporosis Society. Let us tell you that before 1994, osteoporosis was not considered as a major disease. In 1998, two prominent organisations joined together to educate people about the osteoporosis disease and create the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF).

The two organisations were the European Foundation for Osteoporosis (EFFO) which was created in 1987 and the International Federation of Societies on Skeletal Diseases (IFSSD), which was initiated in 1995. Due to the joining hands of these two organisations, doctors, scientists working for osteoporosis disease came together to focus on this disease in a better way.

The UN's World Health Organisation, by the late 90s, co-sponsored World Osteoporosis Day as an event with the IOF. Mainly, the event focuses on checking the density of bone. Because bones having less density can easily break or fracture at sudden movement or during minor falls. The tests for bone density are mostly available on WOD all over the world.

In 2013 - Another global campaign was initiated by the IOF that focuses on avoiding secondary bone fractures.

In 2014 - An osteoporosis campaign was launched by the IOF namely "Love Your Bones e-newsletter".

Causes of Osteoporosis disease

Bones are made up of living tissues and they constantly change. That is new bone is made and old bone is broken down. At a young age, the body generates new bone faster and breaks down old bone as compared to the old age that is bone mass increases in youth. But by the age of 30, most people reach their peak bone mass. As age increases, bone mass is lost faster than it is created.

Osteoporosis disease depends upon how much density of bone mass you have attained in the youth. Let us tell you that peak bone mass is somewhat inherited and varies by the ethnic group. If the bone mass is higher in the body that is you have more bone in the bank and there will be less chance for osteoporosis disease.

Symptoms of Osteoporosis disease

As discussed above, at an early age, there is no such type of symptoms of bone loss is seen. But due to osteoporosis, your density of bone decreases or your bone started weakening then you might have some symptoms and signs like:

- Pain in the back can be caused due to fracture or collapsed vertebra.

- Loss of height over time.

- A stooped Posture

- A bone that breaks much more easily than expected.

We know all that diseases of any type are not good for our body, we should take care of health, we should take a healthy diet, timely exercise is also important, etc. Osteoporosis is a disease which at an early age does not have any kind of symptom but if prolonged back pain arises consult a doctor and take preventive measures. World Osteoporosis Day is observed on 20 October to raise awareness about the disease like how to prevent it, educate people, etc.

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