World Radio Day 2020: Current Theme, History and Significance
It is a day to encourage people to establish and provide access to information through radio. It is necessary to promote diversity and to build a more peaceful and inclusive world. In several countries, radio is the primary medium and source of information. Several measures have been taken to increase the popularity of All India Radio.
World Radio Day is a medium to raise awareness about the radio and to make networking stronger among the broadcasters. Radio is a century-old now but an important source of social interaction. How can we forget that it played an important role in disaster relief and emergency response?
Since the inception of Radio that is 1937, All India Radio has grown in various fields. Today AIR News broadcast 607 bulletins in 92 languages and dialects every day.
World Radio Day 2020: Theme
The theme of World Radio Day 2020 is “Radio and Diversity”. The theme focuses on diversity and plurilingualism. It is an important medium to celebrate humanity in all its diversity and provides a platform for democratic discourse.
World Radio Day: History
The Executive Board of UNESCO recommended to the General Conference the proclamation of World Radio Day. In 2011, UNESCO carried out a wide consultation process and it is proposed by Spain. The project leader of the Academia Espanola de la Radio received support from several stakeholders, including major international broadcasters and broadcasting unions and associations. In 1946, finally, the day of United Nations Radio was established that was proposed by the Director-General of UNESCO. The 36th session of UNESCO's General Conference proclaimed 13 February as World Radio Day. The United Nations General Assembly formally endorsed UNESCO's proclamation of World Radio Day on 14 January 2013. In the 67th session of the UN General Assembly, a resolution was adopted for proclaiming 13 February as World Radio Day.
World Radio Day: Objective
The main purpose of celebrating World Radio Day is to spread awareness among the public and the media to raise the importance of radio. It also encourages decision-makers to establish and provide access to information through radio, enhance networking and generate a sort of international cooperation among the broadcasters.
World Radio Day (WRD) 2020: Celebrations
On this day UNESCO calls on radio stations to uphold the diversity, both in a newsroom and on the airwaves.
WRD edition is divided into three main sub-themes:
- To advocate pluralism in radio that includes public, private and community broadcasters.
- To encourage representation in the newsroom with teams consisting of diverse social groups.
- To promote diversity of editorial content and types of programmes that reflects a variety of audiences.
Several journalism universities and Media NGOs also celebrate World Radio Day and focus on the 2020 theme. Commercial and state-owned radio stations also celebrate the day on air; invite experts and intercultural communications to discuss cultural traditions and heritage. Students pursuing Journalism will conduct multilingual broadcasts on student radio and will discuss about their countries development. Also, share their multimedia content via social networks. On the 2020 theme, community Radios SuusamyrFM and Bakai-AtaFM organises a number of live broadcasting.
What are Radio waves and how it works?
Radio waves are a type of electromagnetic radiation used in communication technologies like television, mobile phones, and radios. Radio waves are received by these devices and convert them into mechanical vibrations in the speaker to generate sound waves. The radio-frequency spectrum is a small part of the electromagnetic (EM) spectrum.
Let us tell you that the Electromagnetic spectrum is divided into seven regions according to the decreasing wavelength, increasing energy and frequency. Some designations are radio waves, microwaves, infrared (IR), visible light, ultraviolet (UV), X-rays and gamma-rays. In the EM Spectrum, radio waves have the longest wavelength.
Radio Waves transmit music, conversations, pictures and data invisibly through the air may be over millions of miles and it happens in thousands of different ways. As discussed above, radio waves are invisible and are undetectable to humans. But we can't ignore that it has a great impact on the society. All the wireless technologies use radio waves to communicate whether a cell phone, a baby monitor, a cordless phone, etc.
Therefore, we can say that World Radio Day is celebrated on 13 February to spread awareness about the radio as a medium of providing information of diverse culture and tradition. Since century, it played an important role in the life of people and so this year’s theme is focussing radio and its diversity.
“On this World Radio Day, let us recognize the enduring power of radio to promote diversity and help build a more peaceful and inclusive world”. - UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres