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Do you know about the world’s oldest functional dam

Early dams were built to form reservoirs or tanks for extensive irrigation works. It is one of the engineering wonders of the ancient world. In the modern world, dams are constructed for the multipurpose use such as for electricity generation, water supply for domestic and industrial uses, flood control, recreation, inland navigation, fish breeding etc. The Egyptians were the first who constructed the dam and the Romans were the second to build arch dams. The world’s oldest functional dam with their date of construction, who constructed it and the location are given below:

1. Lake Homs Dam

Date of Construction: Between 1319-1304 BC

Constructed by: Egyptian ruler Sethi

Location: Syria

2. Proserpina Dam

Date of Construction: 1st or 2nd Century

Constructed by: Roman Empire

Location: Spain

3. Cornalvo Dam

Date of Construction: 1st or 2nd Century

Constructed by: Roman Empire

Location: Spain

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4. Kallanai Dam or Grand Anicut

Date of Construction: 2nd Century AD

Constructed by: Chola king Karikalan

Location: India

5. Kaerumataike Dam

Date of Construction: 162 AD

Constructed by: Not mentioned

Location: Japan

 

6. Sayamaike Dam

Date of Construction: 7th Century AD

Constructed by: Samurai in the Edo period.

Location: Japan

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7. Manoike Dam

Date of Construction: Between 701-704 AD

Constructed by: Michimori Ason, the lord of Sanuki Province

Location: Japan

8. Sadd-e Kobar Dam

Date of Construction: 10th Century AD

Constructed by: Not mentioned

Location: Iran

9. Moti Talab Dam

Date of Construction: 12th Century AD

Constructed by: Sri Asuri Ramanujacharya, a Sri Vaishnava Saint

Location: India

10. Almansa Dam

Date of Construction: 16th Century AD

Constructed by: Not mentioned

Location: Spain

The construction of dams gained popularity in the 19th and 20th century. With the tens of thousands of existing large dams throughout the world and the ever-increasing demand for water and power, dams will continue to make a significant impact on modern day life.

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