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Contemporary India

1991 AD: Former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi is assassinated in a bomb blast in Sriperumbudur, near Madras (May 21); P.V. Narasimha Rao is sworn-in as the ninth Prime Minister of India(June 21); At least 1500 people are feared dead as a devastating earthquake rocks Uttarkashi district of Uttar Pradesh(Oct20); Pondicherry becomes the first Union Territory of India to be declared fully literate.
Dec 11, 2010 11:24 IST

1991 AD: Former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi is assassinated in a bomb blast in Sriperumbudur, near Madras (May 21); P.V. Narasimha Rao is sworn-in as the ninth Prime Minister of India(June 21); At least 1500 people are feared dead as a devastating earthquake rocks Uttarkashi district of Uttar Pradesh(Oct20); Pondicherry becomes the first Union Territory of India to be declared fully literate.

1992 AD: Rupee is made partially convertible (March 1); Eighth Five Year plans starts; Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma is elected as the ninth President of India(July 16); Indian Air Force celebrates its Diamond Jubilee; The disputed Babri Masjid in Ayodhya (U.P.) is demolished (Dec 6).

1993 AD: More than 400 people are killed in violence in Bombay (Jan 11). Nearly 300 people are killed in a series of bomb blasts in Bombay (March 12); Over 20,000 people are killed as earthquake rocks Latur district of Maharashtra (Sept 30).

 1994 AD: PSLV-D2 is successfully launched, putting India in a select group of countries that can launch 1000-kg class satellites into Polar Orbit (Oct 15).

1995 AD: India is linked to Internet (Aug l4); Beant Singh, Chief Minister of Punjab, is killed in a bomb blast.

1996 AD: BJP leader Atal Behari Vajpayee is sworn-in as India’s 11th Prime Minister (May 16); H.D. Deve Gowda is sworn-in as India’s 12th Prime Minister (June 1); India celebrates hundred years of cinema.

1997 AD: Inder Kumar Gujral is sworn as the 13th Prime Minister of India (April 21); K.R. Narayanan takes over as 10th President of India (July 25). Golden Jubilee celebrations of India’s independence begin with Parliament enacting freedom at midnight (August 14); Mother Teresa dies (September 5); Kalpana Chawla becomes first Indian woman to go into space (November 20); President dissolves Lok Sabha. Mid-term polls announced (December 4).

1998 AD: Atal Behari Vajpayee is sworn-in as Prime Minister of India (March 19). India conducts three underground nuclear tests in Pokhran (May 11). The first private basic phone service is launched in India in Bhopal, (June 4).

1999 AD: Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee makes a historic bus journey to Pakistan (Feb 20); Prime Minister Atal Behari’s 13-month old government bows out of office(April 17). Indian Air Force launches Operation Vijay in the Kargil sector of Jammu and Kashmir. Combat jets strike against the Pakistani backed intruders (May 26); Goa becomes the first State in the history to use Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) in elections (June 4); Pakistani forces pull out completely from Batalik, Kaksar and Drass sectors in Kargil (July 18); Atal Behari Vajpayee is swornin as Prime Minister for a third term (Oct 13); The entire Coastal Orissa is devastated by a super cyclone. More than 10,000 people die (Oct 29); Parliament approves Insurance Bill thus paving way to end the nearly 50-year-old monopoly of the LIC and GIC in the insurance sector (Dec 7); Indian Airlines Flight IC 814 from Kathmandu is hijacked (Dec 24). 155 hostages are set free after the government releases three terrorists.

2000 AD: The first-ever Internet Trade on an Indian exchange is inaugurated (Feb 1); Karnam Malleswari becomes the first Indian woman to win a medal in Olympic Games (Sept 19); India’s largest telecom company, Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL) is launched (Oct 1); Chhattisgarh is born as India’s 26th State (Nov 1); Uttaranchal is born as India’s 27th State (Nov 8); Jharkhand becomes 28th State of India (Nov 15).

2001 AD: More than 25,000 people are killed as a devastating earthquake rocks Kutch district of Gujarat (January 26); Census of India: 2001—begins (February 9); India successfully launches its first Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) (April 18); Agra summit between India and Pakistan is held (July 14- 16); Terrorists attack Parliament complex in New Delhi (Dec 13). As a mark of protest India recalls its High Commissioner in Islamabad (Dec 21).

2002 AD: Union Cabinet approves price decontrol of petrol and diesel from April 1, 2002 (Feb 14); In a ghastly incident, more than 55 persons are burnt alive as the Ahmedabadbound Sabarmati Express is set on fire by a mob at Godhra Junction (Feb 27). More than 600 people are killed as riots break out in entire Gujarat (March); India expels Pakistan’s High Commissioner to India (May 18); A.P.J. Abdul Kalam takes over as the 11th President of India (July 25); India successfully launches its first Meteorological satellite on board the PSLV (Sept 12); Elections in J&K conclude with more than 42 per cent voting (Oct 9); The Parliament passes the Landmark Freedom of Information Bill (Dec 16); India establishes its first strategic forces command (January 4); India and China sign a landmark border trade pact that will open the ancient trade pass at Nathu La in Sikkim (June 23); Anju B. George becomes the first Indian athlete ever to win a medal bronze—in an international meet (at the world Athletic Championship held in France) (August 30); Guns fall silent along LoC with Pakistan as the ceasefire comes in force (November 26).

2003 AD: India matches Pakistan’s declaration of a Kashmir ceasefire(November). India, Pakistan agree to resume direct air links and to allow overflights(December).

2004 AD: May - Congress Party wins in general elections. Manmohan Singh is sworn in as prime minister; India, along with Brazil, Germany and Japan, launches an application for a permanent seat on the UN Security Council; India begins to withdraw some of its troops from Kashmir; Thousands are killed when tidal waves, caused by a powerful undersea earthquake off the Indonesian coast, devastate coastal communities in the south and in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

2005 AD: 7 April - Bus services, the first in 60 years, operate between Srinagar in Indianadministered Kashmir and Muzaffarabad in Pakistaniadministered Kashmir; An earthquake, with its epicentre in P a k i s t a n i - a d m i n i s t e r e d Kashmir, kills more than 1,000 people in Indian administered Kashmir(8 october); Human trials of AIDS vaccine begins in India; The Right to Information Act comes into force.

2006 AD: February - India’s largest-ever rural jobs scheme is launched, aimed at lifting around 60 million families out of poverty; The Thar Express, linking Munabao in Rajasthan and khokrapar in Pakistan is flagged off; US and India sign a nuclear agreement during a visit by US President George W Bush. The US gives India access to civilian nuclear technology while India agrees to greater scrutiny for its nuclear programme. Later on US Senate approved the deal; Nathu La Pass on Sikkim-Tibet border is opened for trade after 44 years;More than 180 people are killed in bomb attacks on rushhour trains in Mumbai; Tehri Dam Project is inaugurated and dedicated to the nation.

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