What is the difference between Advocate and Lawyer?

Oct 11, 2018 18:54 IST

Generally the term; Lawyer and Advocate are used as synonyms of each other, but after doing micro analysis we found some key differences between these two words. You would be surprised to know that Attorney, Advocate, and Solicitor are also comes in the category of the lawyer.

Read this article and know the key differences in the lawyer and advocate.

Who is called Lawyer?

A person who is still pursuing law / LLB is called Lawyer. This person is not eligible to stand in the court to put the stand of his/her clients.

Lawyer is a basic term that refers to any person who has a law degree. There can be various different types of lawyers, such as advocates, attorneys, solicitors, etc. All of these are considered to be specialists in different fields of law.

Who is Advocate?

The word Advocate is usually used for a lawyer only. This is a person who has completed law degree and eligible to stand in the court on behalf of his/her clients.

Advocate is called Barrister in Scottish and South Africa. You must remember that Mahatma Gandhi returned to India from South Africa as a barrister.

Now Let’s have detailed discussion between these two words;

1. Lawyer is a person who is still in the process of  pursuing Law/LL.B. This person is not eligible to stand in the court on behalf of his/her client although he/she can give legal advice. The term lawyer is very popular and original word. On the other hand the advocate is a special type of lawyer who can stand in favour of a client in a court.

2. The term advocate is used in the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth Nations while the term lawyer is used in USA.

3. The Advocate is a person who publicly supports or recommends a particular cause or policy. Advocate is eligible to put the points of his/her clients in front of the court but the lawyer can't do so because he/she is still pursuing law/LLB.

4. An advocate may be a lawyer but a lawyer may not be an advocate .An 'Advocate' is a step ahead of a' lawyer'.

5. Duties of an advocate are: Represent a client in the court of law, Speak on behalf of a client, Plead their case while duties of lawyer are: Give law advice, Can do litigation, Role and duties may change depending on the type of lawyer.

It should also be noted that different words are used for the lawyers and advocate in the different countries of the world. As those who studies law in Scottish and South Africa, United Kingdom and other Commonwealth Nations are called advocate while this term is not used in the USA.

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