GK Quiz on Demographic Dividend and Demographic Index

Take the following quiz listed below which has questions from demographic index and demographic dividend. Answer the questions and also go through the explanation of each question below.
Created On: Jul 23, 2021 04:00 IST
Modified On: Jul 23, 2021 17:08 IST
GK Quiz 2021
GK Quiz 2021

Answer the following questions and refer to the explanation below for a better understanding of each. 

  1. What is the working population age considered as per UNPFA?
  1. 15-64 years
  2. 18-62 years 
  3. 16-60 years 
  4. 17-65 years

Ans. a

Explanation: As per UNFPA, the working population is considered to be between 15-64 years of age. 

  1. How is demographic dividend viewed?

i) Share of working age population/ share of non working age population

ii) Fertility rate/ Mortality rate

  1. Only i
  2. Only ii
  3. Both i and ii
  4. None of the above 

Ans. a

Explanation: The economic growth potential that can result from shifts in a population’s age structure, mainly when the share of the working-age population (15 to 64) is larger than the non-working-age share of the population (14 and younger, and 65 and older) is viewed as a demographic dividend. 

  1. Till which year is the bulge in the working age population going to last in India?

2022

2030

2055

2042

Ans. c

Explanation: This bulge in the working-age population is going to last till 2055, or 37 years from its beginning.

  1. What is not included in the advantages of demographic dividend?
  1. Increased labour force
  2. Increased fiscal space
  3. Decrease in women's workforce
  4. Increase in savings rate

Ans. c

Explanation: Rise in women’s workforce naturally accompanies a decline in fertility, and can be a new source of growth also. 

  1. What can be included in the causes of demographic dividend?
  1. Falling birth rate
  2. Lower fertility rate
  3. Increased longevity
  4. All of the above 

Ans. d

Explanation: Change in population structure occurs due to- falling birth rate, lower fertility rate, increased longevity.

  1. Which of the following cannot be considered as measures to be taken so that demographic dividend would benefit?
  1. Increase spending on health
  2. Increase spending on education
  3. Decreased investments in Research and Development
  4. Increased efforts for skill development

Ans. c

Explanation: The following can be considered as measures to be taken to reap the benefits of demographic dividend

Increase spending on health

Increase spending on education

Increase investments in Research and Development

Invest more in skill development

  1. Which of the following was the first country to experience growth due to demographic index?
  1. USA
  2. Japan
  3. China 
  4. Australia

Ans. b

Explanation: Japan was among the first major economies to experience rapid growth because of changing population structure.

  1. Which index summarises the population dynamics all together?
  1. Fertility rate 
  2. Gini coefficient
  3. Demographic Index
  4. Mortality rate

Ans. c

Explanation: Demographic Index can summarize population dynamics and characteristics in one number.

  1. The 16th Indian Census is done/ would be done in which year?
  1. 2011
  2. 2021
  3. 2031
  4. 2020

Ans. b

Explanation: The 2021 Census of India, also the 16th Indian Census, will be taken in 2021.

  1. Who is responsible for the Census in India?
  1. Ministry of Statistics
  2. Ministry of Home Affairs
  3. Ministry of Defence
  4. PMO

Ans. b

Explanation: The responsibility of conducting the decennial Census rests with the Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India under Ministry of Home Affairs, GOI. 

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