GK Quiz on Ramsar Wetland Convention 1971 and related updates
Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands across the world. The convention has been named after the Iranian city of Ramsar, situated on the Caspian Sea. Here the treaty was signed on February 2, 1971. It is officially known as the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterflow Habitat and is referred to as the Convention on Wetlands most recently. It came into force in 1975 and came into force in India on February 1, 1982. Currently, there are 42 Ramsar sites in India after the addition of the latest one from Ladakh.
Answer the following questions to check your knowledge of the Ramsar Convention.
1) Wetlands International is a conservation organization. Go through the following statements in the same context
- Only the countries which are signatories to the Ramsar Convention are a party to it.
- It is an intergovernmental organization
- It is an organization working at ground level to use practical knowledge for framing better policies
Concerning the above context which of the statements are correct?
- Only 1
- Only 1 and 2
- Only 3
- All of the above
Explanation: Wetland International is a global, independent, not for profit organization that is supported by Governments across the world and various NGOs. It is situated in the Netherlands. It is a leading scientific research expert on wetlands, peatlands, and climate change taking up various research-based field projects. It also advocates on various corporate and international policies forum and conventions across the globe.
2) As per the latest additions to Wetlands in India, consider the following statements
- India has added 10 more wetlands to the sites protected by Ramsar Convention
- Nandpur has become Maharashtra’s first Ramsar Convention site
Choose the correct option
- Statement 1 is correct
- Statement 2 is correct
- Both 1 and 2 are correct
- None of the above
Ans – a
Explanation: India has had 10 more additions to the wetlands list including the following: From Maharashtra, Nandur which happens to be the state’s first-ever site. From Punjab: Keshopur-Miani, Beas Conservation Reserve and Nangal. From Uttar Pradesh: Nawabganj, Parvati Agra, Saman, Samaspur, Sandi, and Sarsai Nawar are among the new additions to wetlands protected by Ramsar Convention Also Read| GK Quiz for current and static events
3) Match the following Ramsar Convention wetlands to their geographical locations
1. Keoladeo National Park
2. Loktak Lake
3. Ashtamudi Lake
4. Chilka Lake
Choose the correct option from the following
- 1-A 2-B 3-C 4-D
- 1-D 2-B 3-A 4-C
- 1-A 2-D 3-C 4-B
- 1-B 2-D 3-A 4-C
Explanation: Keoladeo National Park is situated in Rajasthan and is a complex of 10 artificial, seasonal lagoons situated in a densely populated area. Loktak Lake is situated in Manipur and is the largest freshwater lake in the country. Ashtamudi lake located in Kerala is a natural backwater where rivers Kallada and Pallichal drain their waters. Chilka lake is a brackish water lagoon largest in India and second largest in the world located in Puri, Khordha, Ganjam districts in Odisha.
4) Which of the statement regarding Phumdis is correct?
- It is a heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil, and organic matters at various stages of decomposition floating over Chilka lake
- Keibul Lamjao is the only floating national park in the world where Phumdis are found
Choose the correct option from below
- Only 1
- 1 and 2 both are correct
- Neither 1 nor 2
- Only 2
Explanation: Phumdis are the heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil, and organic matters at various stages of decomposition floating over the Loktak lake. Keibul Lamjao National Park is found in Manipur is the only floating national park and is the last natural refuge of the endangered Sangai or Manipur brow-antlered deer
5) India is a party to Ramsar Convention since 1971. Which of the following statement describes the maintenance of the sites in context with the convention?
- Conservation of all the sites through ecosystem approach for a specific time period without any exploitation of the resources, then allowing sustainable use of the sites by future generations
- Conserve all the sites through an ecosystem approach and allow their simultaneous and sustainable use
- Keep all the sites unapproachable to humans to avoid any kind of exploitation
- Conserve all sites and permit tourism for recreational purposes only
Explanation: The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands across the planet, also known as the Convention on Wetlands. It encourages the conservation of all the sites through an ecosystem approach and allows their simultaneous and sustainable use. It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran, where the convention was signed in 1971.
6) In case a wetland is registered in the Montreux Record, it means
- The wetland has observed some changes in its ecological character or may likely occur in the future as a consequence of human interference
- The wetland has animals that are critically endangered
- The wetland is given the status of a World Heritage site
- The wetland would be given protection from human interference within 5 kilometers of its range by the Government of the State
Explanation: Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar Convention. It is a register of such Wetlands where changes in ecological character have either occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur in near future due to technological developments, pollution, or other human interferences.
7) Which Wetlands of India are registered under Montreux Record?
- Chilka Lake and Keoladeo National Park
- Ashtmudi and Keoladeo National park
- Loktak Lake and Chilka lake
- Keoladeo National Park and Loktak lake
Explanation: Only two wetlands are registered under Montreux Record from India. The first is Loktak Lake and the second is Keoladeo National park. Chilka lake was earlier a part if it but was later removed.
8) The Ramsar wetlands are listed with their famous features. Identify the correct match
- Wular Lake – two oxbow lakes merged
- Sambhar Lake- largest inland Salt Lake of India
- Tsomoriri- Breeding ground for black-necked crane, now in China
- Loktak lake- Phumdis
Explanation: Parvati Aranga Bird Sanctuary situated in Uttar Pradesh is a permanent freshwater source with two oxbow lakes converging together. Wular lake is situated in Kashmir and is the largest freshwater lake in India with extensive marshes of emergent and floating vegetation of water chestnut which is its identification. Tsomoriri is famously a breeding ground for Black-necked crane outside China and Loktak Lake is famous for Phumdis.
9) Consider the following statements for Wetlands as per Ramsar Convention 1971
- Wetlands are geographical locations that are either seasonally or completely covered by water
- Only natural wetlands are considered under the Ramsar Convention
- It may also include areas of marine weather, the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six meters
Choose the correct statement out of the following
- Only 1
- Only 1 and 2
- Only 1 and 3
- 1, 2 and 3
Explanation: As per Ramsar Convention the wetlands are “areas of marsh, fen, peatland or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six meters.” As per the definition, there are four main kinds of wetlands namely marsh, swamp, bog, and fen. The Ramsar Convention considers both natural and artificial wetlands.
10) Consider the following statements about Ramsar Wetland Convention
- World Wetlands Day is celebrated every year on 2 February as Ramsar Convention took place on the same day in 1971
- Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the Ramsar list, which are facing or may face challenges due to human interference
- Nandur Madhameshwar and Keshopur- Miani are among the latest 10 wetlands from India added to the Ramsar Convention list
Choose the correct statement from above
- Only 1 and 2
- Only 2 and 3
- Only 1 and 3
- All of the above
Explanation: Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. A treaty was signed in the Iranian city of Ramsar on February 2, 1971, which is why the international wetlands day is celebrated on February 2nd annually. Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the Ramsar list, which are facing or may face challenges due to human interference and recently 10 wetlands were added to the Ramsar Convention list namely, Nandur Madhameshwar, Keshopur-Miani, Beas Conservation Reserve, and Nangal in Punjab and Nawabganj, Parvati Agra, Saman, Samaspur, Sandi and Sarai Nawar in Uttar Pradesh. Others located across India are in Rajasthan, Kerala, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal, Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Manipur, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, and Tripura.
Also Check: List of Ramsar wetland sites in India