National Security Guard: History, Functions and Operations
Important Facts about National Security Guard
Head of the NSG: Director-General
Headquarters: New Delhi
Ministry: Ministry of Home Affairs
Employees: 7,350 active personnel
Annual budget: Rs 816 crore (2017-18)
Main operations conducted
i. Black Thunder
iii. Combat missions in Jammu and Kashmir
iv. Vajra Shakti
v. Black Tornado
History of The National Security Guard (NSG)
The NSG was established in the wake of Operation Blue Star of 1984. During this operation the central government desperately needed to have a special force to tackle terror activities.
What is National Security Guard (NSG)?
National Security Guard (NSG) is a specialist force to tackle terror activities in any part of the country. It's world-Class “Zero Error Force”. The NSG is served by the officers/personnel from the Central Armed Police Forces, Indian Army and State Police Forces.
NSG has become a formidable Force through its training and operational achievements and dedication. The NSG personnel are often referred as Black Cats because of the black outfit and black cat insignia on their uniform.
The moto of the NSG is "Sarvatra Sarvottam Suraksha".That is why it completes the operation with the objective of "Never Give Up". Its proud to say that whenever wherever NSG deployed, the these black Commandos of the NSG have executed their task with accuracy and courage.
Functions of National Security Guard (NSG)
1. Counter hijacking tasks on land, sea, and air
2. Bomb disposal (search, detection and neutralization of IEDs)
3. Post Blast Investigation (PBI)
4. Hostage Rescue missions like in Taj Hotel during 26/11 Mumbai attack
5. VIP security (like security to Cabinet Ministers and others eminent persons)
When was the National Security Guard formed?
In the year 1984 the Union Cabinet decided to create a Federal Contingency Force to tackle terror activities on Indian soil. So a bill was introduced in the Indian parliament in August 1986 and the President of India has approved the bill on September 22, 1986 and the National Security Guard (NSG) formally came into existence from that date.
Why was the National Security Guard formed
The basic philosophy behind the establishment of the NSG was to create such a dedicated, responsible and agile task force that can strike speedily on all facets of terrorism in any part of the country as a Federal Contingency Force.
The NSG is a task oriented force that has 2 complementary elements consists of Special Ranger Groups (SRG) and the Special Action Group (SAG).
The Special Ranger Groups (SRG), comprises of personnel drawn from the Central Armed Police Forces and State Police Forces while Special Action Group (SAG) is composed of Army personnel.
The National Security Guard (NSG) remains ready 24x7 to meet all challenges to ensure security of the Nation.