Jim Corbett National Park can be befittingly called the paradise of Tigers for the fact that it holds a large population of tigers in its breathtaking landscapes that consists of different varieties of flora and fauna. The park is named after the legendary tiger hunter turned naturalist Jim Corbett (British hunter-1875-1955). It is the first national park of India. It was established in 1936 in the hill state of Uttarakhand in Northern India.
Location of Jim Corbett National Park-
Image source: www.travelrelief.in
Identification: First and Oldest National Park in India
Objective: First Tiger Conservation Project in India (long tradition of conservation)
Established in: 1936 (as national park)
Location: Spread in Nainital and Pauri District, Ramnagar Town, Uttarakhand, India
Area: 1318.54 sq km
Core Area: 520.82 sq km
Buffer Area: 797.72 sq km
Altitude: 385 m - 1100 m above MSL
Longitude: 7805' E to 7905' E
Latitude: 29025'E to 29040' N
Annual Rainfall: 1400-2800 mm.
Temperature Range: 4°C in winter to 42°C during summer
Climate: temperate, throughout the year
Best Time: 15th November to 15th June
During its inception, the name of the park was Hailey National Park, which was rechristened afterwards in the honor of the great conservationist and naturalist Jim Corbett, who hunted down tigers that had turned man-eaters in Kumaon, Uttarakhand, between 1907 to 1939. Jim Corbett believed in the conservation of the ecosystem and wildlife, especially tigers and that is why Jim Corbett National Park was chosen as the venue for the inauguration of 'Save the tigers' project in India.
Project tiger was launched in 1973. Basic intention of Project Tiger is to maintain the ecological balance of nature and conserve extant ecosystems. The project seeks to establish a natural link between the wildlife & flora of national parks and sanctuaries and the humans living on their peripheries. It also seeks to create awareness about harm to environment and preservation efforts.
Spread across the districts- Nainital and Pauri, the Corbett National Park covers an area of 1288 sq. km, together with neighboring reserves- Sonanadi Wildlife Santuary and Reserve Forest. It is home to approximately 110 tree species, 50 mammals' species, 580 bird species, and 25 reptile species that are found both in the lower and higher regions of the park.
The most famous of Corbett's wild residents are the Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Elephant, Leopards, Wild Boar, Sloth Bear, Jackal, Mongoose, and Crocodile.
Climate of the Park:
Summer (March to September): 19°C-46°C
Winter (October to February): 2°C-30°C
Best Time to Visit: January to March & November to December
Safari Options: Jeep, Elephant and Canter
Jim Corbett National Park is home to around 50 mammals, 577 birds and 25 reptiles.
Species of Birds are divided into 5 categories in Jim Corbett National Park:
Water-birds and Waterside-birds:
Cattle Egret, Black Neck Storks, Cattle Egret, Darter, Grey Heron, Cormorants, Graylag Geese, Large Pied Wagtail, White-Capped Redstart, Sandpipers, Snipe, Great black-headed Gull. There are about 15 kinds of duck and a variety of wagtails.
Birds of Prey:
Himalayan Vulture, peregrine falcon, booted hawk-eagle, steppe eagle, black eagle, osprey, Himalayan grey-headed fishing eagle, crested serpent eagle, black-winged eagle
Fish owl, Stone curlew, Great stone plover, Jungle nightjar, Franklin's nightjar, Scops owls
Green Pigeons, Hornbills, Barbets, Orioles, Drongos, Peafowl, Parakeetam, Babblers, Thruses, Red Junglefowl, White-crested kalij pheasant, Bulbus, Warblers, Tailor Bird, Robins, Chats, Redstarts, Bayas, Finches, Doves, Beasters, Open Ground Birds Black Partridge,
Indian Alpine Swift, Crested Swifts, the Dusky Crag Martin, Striated (or Red-rumpled) Swallows, the Indian Cliff Shallow, and the Wire-tailed Swallow
Barking deer, Sambar deer, Hog deer, Chital, Sloth, Himalayan black bears, Indian grey mongoose, otters, Yellow-throated martens, Himalayan goral, Indian pangolins, Langur and Rhesus macaques.
Prestine water of mountain streams in Jim Corbett National Park is home to multiple fish species namely Goonch (Bagarius bagarius), Indian trout (Barilius bola), Golden Mahseer (Tor putitora) and Rohu (Labeo rohita).
Garial crocodile, Mugger crocodile, Indian Python, King Cobra, Indian Pythons, Monitor Lizard, Turtles, Cobra, Tortise, Russell's Viper, Kraits
One of the biggest claims of Jim Corbett National Park is its vegetation. Sal (Shorea robusta), Sheesam (Dalbergia sissoo), Kanju (Holoptelea integrifolia), Ber (Zizyphus mauritians), Dhak (Butea monosperma), and Bael (Aegle Marmelos) are some of the trees which can be seen scattered in Jim Corbett National Park. Some of the grasses which can be seen in Jim Corbett National Park are Kansi, Themeda arundinacea, Baib or Bhabar, Narkul, Tiger Grass, Khus Khus and Spear Grass