List of Botanical Gardens in India

The Botanical Gardens are dedicated place for the conservation and exhibition of different varieties of plants and trees. They sometimes also associated with the zoos. In this article, we are giving the list of the Botanical Gardens in India along with their location which will strengthen the knowledge of reader who are preparing for the examinations like UPSC, State Services, IBPS, SBI, SCC, Railways etc.
Apr 23, 2019 18:39 IST
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List of Botanical Gardens in India
List of Botanical Gardens in India

A botanical garden is a place which have dedicated collection, cultivation, preservation and display of a wide range of plants labelled with their botanical names. It is established for the purpose of education and research through libraries, herbaria, laboratories, and museums. They sometime also associated with the zoos.

The history of Botanic Gardens traced back to the 3000 years ago in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. The Romans were well versed in the medicinal properties of plants. Mummification is the best example of the uses of medicinal properties of the plants.

Criteria for any institution that is considered to be a botanic garden

1. A reasonable degree of permanence

2. An underlying scientific basis for the collections

3. Proper documentation of the collections, including wild origin

4. Monitoring of the plants in the collections

5. Adequate labelling of the plants

6. Open to the public

7. Communication of information to other gardens, institutions and the public

8. Exchange of seed or other materials with other botanic gardens, arboreta or research institutions

9. Undertaking of scientific or technical research on plants in the collections

10. Maintenance of research programs in plant taxonomy in associated herbaria.

Importance of Botanical Gardens

As we know that, it is a home to various species of flora and fauna. Hence, it is open laboratories for students and researchers.

1. It helps in the study of taxonomic research.

2. It helps in the botanical research.

3. It is a place where a variety of endangered species of flora and fauna is conserved.

4. It is a place where rare species of flora and fauna can studied.

5. It helps in the conservation of varieties of plants species.

Botanical Gardens in India

The Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden or Indian Botanical Garden (West Bengal) is the largest and oldest botanical garden in India. The other famous botanical gardens of India are given below:

1. Assam State Zoo-cum-Botanical Garden

Location: Guwahati, Assam

2. Botanical Garden Sarangpur

Location: Chandigarh

3. Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan

Location: Patna, Bihar

4. Botanical garden Vaghai

Location: Saputara, Gujarat

5. R. B. Botanical Garden and Amusement Park       

Location: Gujarat

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6. The Garça Branca Ayurvedic Botanical Garden

Location: Loutolim, Goa

7. Curzon Park,

Location: Mysore Karnataka

8. Pilikula Arboretum, Pilikula Nisargadhama

Location: Mangalore, Karnataka

9. Regional Museum of Natural History Mysore

Location: Mysore, Karnataka

10. University of Mysore Botanic Garden

Location: Mysore, Karnataka

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11. Prof. Nagaraj botanical garden

Location: Kalaburgi, Karnataka

12. Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute

Location: Trivandrum   Kerala

13. Vellayani Agricultural College,

Location: Trivandrum, Kerala

14. Empress Garden

Location: Pune, Maharashtra

15. Odisha State Botanical Garden

Location: Nandankanan, Bhubaneswar, Odisha

16. Botanical garden Guru Nanak Dev University

Location: Amritsar, Punjab

17. Botanical garden Punjabi University

Location: Patiala, Punjab

18. Auroville Botanical Gardens

Location: Auroville, Tamil Nadu

19. Botanic Gardens – Tamil Nadu Agricultural University

Location: Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu

20. Government Botanical Gardens

Location: Ootacamund, Nilgiris district     Tamil Nadu

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21. The Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding

Location: Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu

22. Semmozhi Poonga

Location: Chennai, Tamil Nadu

23. Botanical Garden

Location: Hyderabad, Telangana

24. NTR Garden

Location: Hyderabad, Telangana

25. Botanical Garden of India Republic

Location: Noida, Uttar Pradesh

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26. Jhansi Botanical Garden

Location: Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh

27. Saharanpur Botanical Garden

Location: Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh

28. Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden

Location: Shibpur, Kolkata, West Bengal

29. Agri Horticultural Society of India

Location: Alipore, Kolkata, West Bengal

30. Garden of Medicinal Plants

Location: North Bengal University, West Bengal

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31. Lalbagh

Location: Bangalore, Karnataka

32. Lloyd’s Botanical Garden

Location: Darjeeling, West Bengal

33. Malampuzha Garden

Location: Palakkad, Kerala

34. Mysore Zoo

Location: Mysore, Karnataka

35. Narendra Narayan Park

Location: Cooch Behar, West Bengal

Hence, we can say that botanical garden plays an important role in plant conservation. These garden help in the growth of horticulture and cultivation skills as well as restoration and rehabilitation of degraded habitats. According to the Botanic Gardens Conservation International, there are currently 1775 botanical gardens and arboreta in 148 countries around the world.

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