List of cyclones that hit India in 2020-2021
As per a report by IPCC, flash floods, sizzling temperatures, droughts and intense cyclones are likely to occur in India due to climate change and will continue to devastate regions in South Asia unless drastic measures are taken to curb carbon emissions.
The UN body further warned that the world is running out of time to prevent the worst of the climate crisis.
Amid the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, India witnessed three cyclones, Gulab, Tauktae and Yaas, leaving behind a trail of destruction across several Indian states. The year 2020 marked the first pre-monsoon cyclone in a century-- Cyclone Amphan. Another Cyclone, Nisarga, hit the financial capital of India and was the second pre-monsoon cyclone after Amphan. As per IMD, India could witness many other pre-monsoon cyclones in the coming years.
In 2019, the North Indian Ocean cyclone season was the most active cyclone season ever recorded in Northern India. Below is the list of cyclones that hit the Indian states in 2020-2021.
1. Cyclone Jawad
After three cyclonic storms in 2021, another cyclone is expected to hit the Indian states of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh. The Met Department has issued a warning that the deep depression over the Bay of Bengal is likely to intensify into a cyclonic storm during the next 12 hours. Ahead of Cyclone Jawad, Prime Minister Modi reviewed the preparedness of the situation arising out of the cyclonic storm and various authorities are on standby. The state governments have also chalked out the disaster management strategy and as many as 95 trains have been cancelled that were either passing over or originating from East Coast Railway.
Read more on Cyclone Jawad here: Cyclone Jawad: All about the upcoming cyclone in India 2021
2. Cyclone Gulaab
Months after Cyclone Yaas left behind a trail of destruction across several states of India, Cyclone Gulaab hit the country. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) issued warnings for north Andhra Pradesh and adjoining Odisha coasts on September 25.
Cyclone Alert for north Andhra Pradesh and adjoining south Odisha coasts : DD is centered near 18.4°N/88.7°E .To cross north Andhra Pradesh - south Odisha coasts b/w Kalingapatnam & Gopalpur by evening of 26. pic.twitter.com/QNwlJHbwBR— India Meteorological Department (@Indiametdept) September 25, 2021
As per the latest update by IMD, Cyclone Gulaab went into a deep depression over the south and adjoining north Andhra Pradesh, lay centred at 5:30 a.m. on 27 September 2021, and is likely to move westwards and further weaken into a depression over the next 12 hours.
The Deep Depression over south Odisha and adjoining north Andhra Pradesh, lay centered at 0530 hrs IST of 27th September, likely to move nearly westwards and weaken further into a Depression during next 12 hours. pic.twitter.com/Pxht5L6wuj— India Meteorological Department (@Indiametdept) September 27, 2021
3. Cyclone Tauktae
It was the first cyclonic storm of 2021 that emerged from the Arabian Sea. It hit southern Gujarat on 17 May 2021 and was classified as a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm (VSCS). As many as 24 people were killed across three Indian states. Twelve people died in Maharashtra, eight in Karnataka, and four people in Gujarat.
Very Severe Cyclonic Storm “Tauktae” over Eastcentral Arabian Sea intensified into an Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm: Cyclone Warning & post landfall outlook for Gujarat & Diu coasts (Red message).https://t.co/nIG8rzj9Vh pic.twitter.com/DAJCsnuRVw— India Meteorological Department (@Indiametdept) May 17, 2021
CM Uddhav Balasaheb Thackeray is closely monitoring the #CycloneTauktae situation in the State.— CMO Maharashtra (@CMOMaharashtra) May 17, 2021
Mumbai, Thane & Palghar districts are on orange alert while Raigad district is on red alert.
In the wake of #CycloneTauktae, CM Shri @vijayrupanibjp announces the suspension of Corona vaccination drive for the next two days i.e. May 17 & 18 - Monday & Tuesday, and urges citizens to remain indoors considering the possibility of heavy rains along with cyclone in the state. pic.twitter.com/zUyW9tJzha— CMO Gujarat (@CMOGuj) May 16, 2021
As per India Meteorological Department, Cyclone Tauktae weakened into a cyclonic storm and lay centred at 11:30 a.m. over Saurashtra, about 165 km southwest of Ahmedabad, Gujarat. The cyclone Tauktae weakened gradually into a deep depression over South Rajasthan and the adjoining Gujarat region at 5:30 a.m. on 19 May 2021. It lay centred at 8:30 a.m. on 19 May 2021.
Significant Weather Features dated 19-05-2021 are:— India Meteorological Department (@Indiametdept) May 19, 2021
♦ A Depression (remnant of the Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm “Tauktae”) lay centred at 0830 hours IST of today, the 19th May, 2021 near latitude 24.9°N and
SEVERE CYCLONIC STORM ‘TAUKTAE’ WEAKENED INTO A CYCLONIC STORM AND LAY CENTRED AT 1130 HRS IST OVER SAURASHTRA, NEAR LAT. 22.0°N AND LONG. 71.5°E, ABOUT 165 KM SOUTHWEST OF AHMEDABAD. TO MOVE NORTH NORTHEASTWARDS AND WEAKEN GRADUALLY INTO A DEEP DEPRESSION IN NEXT 06 HRS. pic.twitter.com/rIPcCNG39I— India Meteorological Department (@Indiametdept) May 18, 2021
4. Cyclone Yaas
The cyclonic storm, Cyclone Yaas, formed in the Bay of Bengal and hit West Bengal and adjoining Odisha coasts in May 2021. The name of the cyclone is given by Oman.
Deep Depression over Eastcentral Bay of Bengal intensified into Cyclonic Storm ‘Yaas’ and about 600 km of Port Blair. To intensify into a Severe Cyclonic Storm during next 24 hours and into a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm during subsequent 24 hours. pic.twitter.com/HfREdsMtOL— India Meteorological Department (@Indiametdept) May 24, 2021
Ahead of the impending Cyclone Yaas, Prime Minister Modi reviewed the preparedness of the state as well as central agencies to deal with the situation. He further called for a timely evacuation of those involved in offshore activities.
Minister of Home Affairs Amit Shah will also chair a meeting virtual meeting with the Chief Ministers of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and the LG of Andaman and Nicobar Islands to review the preparedness ahead of Cyclone Yaas.
New Low Pressure area likely to form in Bay of Bengal around 22 May To intensify into a Cyclonic Storm and reach West Bengal and Odisha Coast by 26 May. Sea conditions to remain rough in Bay of Bengal from 21 May onwards. Fishermen requested to return to shores.#CycloneAlert pic.twitter.com/eHnInU33y2— NDMA India | राष्ट्रीय आपदा प्रबंधन प्राधिकरण 🇮🇳 (@ndmaindia) May 19, 2021
Depression (Remnant of Very Severe Cyclonic Storm “YAAS”) over Bihar & adjoining Jharkhand has weakened into a well-marked low pressure area lay over Bihar adjoining East UP at 0530 hrs IST of today the 28th May 2021. pic.twitter.com/wD9pawJxEn— India Meteorological Department (@Indiametdept) May 28, 2021
5. Cyclone Nisarga
Cyclone Nisarga was the second pre-monsoon cyclone that emerged from the Arabian Sea. It hit Alibag in Mumbai and weakened in 6 hours. It was the first cyclone to impact Mumbai since Phyan of 2009. The cyclone caused 6 deaths and 16 injuries in Maharashtra.
6. Cyclone Amphan
Cyclone Amphan was a powerful tropical cyclone that led to the destruction of lives and property in the Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal. Cyclone Amphan was the first pre-monsoon super cyclone of this century that emerged from the Bay of Bengal.
7. Cyclone Kyarr
Cyclone Kyarr was the second strongest tropical cyclone since cyclone Gonu in 2007. Cyclone Kyarr developed in the Arabian Sea and moved towards the Gulf of Aden from the Indian coast. It hit Western India, Oman, UAE, Socotra and Somalia.
8. Cyclone Maha
Cyclone Maha was an extremely severe cyclonic storm that became very intense while moving parallel to the Indian coast. The cyclone weakened when it approached Gujarat. Cyclone Maha made landfall near Gujarat as a depression that weakened afterwards.
9. Cyclone Vayu
Cyclone Vayu emerged from the Arabian Sea and was a very severe cyclonic storm that caused moderate damage to lives and property in the state of Gujarat. Cyclone Vayu was the strongest cyclone that hit the state since the 1998 Gujarat Cyclone. Along with India, cyclone Vayu also affected Maldives, Pakistan and Oman.
10. Cyclon Hikka
Cyclone Hikka emerged from the Arabian Sea and turned intense and hit Oman. In 2019, 4 cyclones emerged from the Arabian Sea-- Kyarr, Maha, Vayu and Hikka.
11. Cyclone Fani
Cyclone Fani was the strongest tropical storm that hit Odisha since the 1998 Odisha Cyclone. Cyclone Fani emerged from the Indian Ocean and caused huge destruction of lives and property in Odisha, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and East India. Outside India, it hit Bangladesh, Bhutan and Sri Lanka.
12. BOB 03
A depression was formed in the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Meteorological Department named it BOB 03. The very next day after the identification, the BOB 03 hit the north Odisha-West Bengal coastline and caused huge destruction of lives and property.
13. Cyclone Bulbul
Cyclone Bulbul was a very severe cyclonic storm that hit West Bengal in India. It caused huge rainfall, floods, etc. that resulted in the destruction of lives and property. Outside India, it hit Bangladesh.
Derivation: The term 'Cyclone' is derived from the Greek word 'Cyclos' that means 'Coils of Snake'.
Definition: A cyclone is an intense whirl in the atmosphere with very strong winds circulating around it in an anti-clockwise and clockwise direction in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere respectively.
Classification: The cyclones are classified on the basis of the following:
1. Low-Pressure Area: Less than 17 knots ( < 31 kmph)
2. Depression: 17 to 27 knots ( 31 to 49 kmph)
3. Deep Depression: 28 to 33 knots ( 50 to 61 kmph)
4. Cyclonic Storm: 34 to 47 knots ( 62 to 88 kmph)
5. Severe Cyclonic Storm: 48 to 63 knots ( 89 to 118 kmph)
6. Very Severe Cyclonic Storm: 64 to 119 knots ( 119 to 221 kmph)
7. Super Cyclonic Storm: 120 knots and above ( 222 kmph and above)