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List of different branches of Biology and their Fathers

Biology means study of life. There was a gradual development of biology in the era of Aristotle. This article deals with the list of different branches of biology and their fathers which is very useful for students preparing for competitive exams like UPSC, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS and Railways, and will also increase your knowledge.
Apr 2, 2018 16:05 IST
List of different branches of Biology and their Fathers

Biology is the life science which is derived from a Greek word 'bios' meaning life and ‘logy’ meaning study. That is, it is a science of nature which deals with life and living organisms, structure of life, function, evolution, growth, distribution and taxonomy. The term biology was first used by scientists Lamarck and Triviranus in 1801.
The study of living beings for improved understanding or prediction of natural or other phenomena is called Pure Biology or Basic Research or Fundamental Research. They are driven by curiosity, innovations in science. Whereas the study of living beings to develop various technologies or techniques to alter natural or other phenomena is called Applied Biology or Applied Research.

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Development as a sequential knowledge of biology took place in the era of the famous Greek philosopher Aristotle (384- 322 B.C.). He revealed his thoughts about various aspects of the life of plants and animals. Therefore, Aristotle is called as the Father of Biology. Let us study the list of Fathers of different branches of biology through this article.
List of different branches of Biology and their Fathers

 

Branches of Biology

Father

1.

Biology

Aristotle

2.

Botany

Theophrastus 

3.

Palaeontology

Leonardo di vinci

4.

Eugenics

Francis Galton

5.

Modern Botany

Linnaeus

6.

Immunology

Edward Jenner's

7.

Genetics

Gregor Mendel

8.

Modern Genetics

Thomas Hunt Morgan

9.

Cytology

Robert Hooke

10.

Botanical Illustrations

Krateuas

11.

Plant Anatomy

Nehemiah Grew

12.

Zoology

Aristotle

13.

Taxonomy

Carl Linnaeus

14.

Medicine

Hippocrates

15.

Histology

Marie François Xavier Bichat

16.

Mutation Theory

Hugo de Vries

17.

Comparative Anatomy

Georges Cuvier

18.

Mycology

Pier Antonio Micheli

19.

Plant Physiology

Stephen Hales

20.

Bacteriology

Louis Pasteur

21.

Microbiology

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek

22.

Indian Mycology

Edwin John Butler

23.

Indian Bryology

Shiv Ram Kashyap

24.

Indian Ecology

Ramdeo misra

25.

Indian Phycology

Parthasarthy Iyengar

26.

Modern Embryology

Karl Ernst von Baer

One of the three major branches of natural science is biology. This branch of science is related to the study of life and its processes. There are several branches and are invented by various scientists which we have studied above through this article.

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