Article 63 of Indian Constitution states that "there shall be a Vice-President of India. Vice-President is elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of the members of both houses of the Parliament. State legislature has no role in his election. Vice-President is the ex- officio chairman of the Rajya Sabha.
Qualifications for Vice-President of India:
1. He must be a citizen of India.
2. He should not be less than of 35 years.
3. Must be eligible for election as a member of the Rajya Sabha.
4. He must not be a member of the Rajya Sabha.
5. He should not hold any office of profit.
Term of Office: Vice-President is elected for 5 years and is eligible for immediate re- election. However he can be terminated before his tenure through these methods:
(i) Resignation to be addressed to the President (ii) Removal- by a resolution of the council of states passed by the majority of its members and agreed to by the Lok Sabha.
Following is the list of Vice Presidents of India and their term of office:
| S. No.
||Vice - President
|1|| Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
|| 13 May 1952
||12 May 1962
||Dr. Rajendra Prasad
|2|| Dr. Zakir Hussain
|| 13 May 1962
||13 May 1967
||Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
|3|| Sh. Varahagiri Venkata Giri
|| 13 May 1967
||3 May 1969
||Dr. Zakir Hussain
|4|| Gopal Swarup Pathak
|| 1 September 1969
||1 September 1974
||Sh. Varahagiri Venkata Giri
|5|| Basappa Danappa Jatti
|| 1 September 1974
||25 July 1977
||Dr. Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
|6|| Justice Muhammad Hidayatullah
|| 25 August 1977
||25 July 1982
||Shri Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
|7|| Ramaswamy Venkataraman
|| 25 August 1982
||25 July 1987
||Giani Zail Singh
|8|| Shankar Dayal Sharma
|| 3 September 1987
||24 July 1992
|9|| Kocheril Raman Narayanan
|| 21 August 1992
||24 July 1997
||Shankar Dayal Sharma
|10||Krishan Kant||21 August 1997||27 July 2002||Kocheril Raman Narayanan|
|11||Bhairon Singh Shekhawat||19 August 2002||21 July 2007||A. P. J. Abdul Kalam|
|12||Mohammad Hamid Ansari||11 August 2007||Incumbent (serving 2nd term)
|13||M Venkaiah Naidu||Aug 06, 2017||Incumbent||Ram Nath Kovind|