Republic Day 2021: Facts and Code of Conduct of Indian National Flag

Republic Day 2021: It is celebrated in India on 26 January every year to mark the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect and the country became a republic. Let us have a look at the features and some interesting facts about National Flag.
Created On: Jan 25, 2021 16:44 IST
Modified On: Jan 25, 2021 16:44 IST
National Flag
National Flag

Republic Day 2021: India will be celebrating its 72nd Republic Day this year and for the first time in over five decades there will be no Chief Guest at this year's Republic Day parade.

According to the Spokesperson of the Ministry of External Affairs, Anurag Srivastava mentioned that due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the government has decided that this year there will be no foreign head of government for the Republic Day parade. Last year on Republic Day, the Chief Guest was the "Trump of the Tropics", Brazil president Jair Messias Bolsonaro.

The National Flag of India is the symbol of sovereignty, integrity, and similarity. It is the pride of all the citizens of the country. The late Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru called it "a flag not only of freedom for ourselves but a symbol of freedom to all people." On 22 July 1947, the National Flag was adopted by the national assembly of India. 

The National Flag is a horizontal tricolour flag depicting three colours; saffron (Kesari) at the top, white in the middle, and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. The ratio of the width of the flag to its length is two to three.

72nd Republic Day 2021: Journey of Indian Republic

Facts at a Glance:

1. The National flag is a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (Kesari) at the top, white in the middle, and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion.

2. The ratio of the width of the flag to its length is 2:3.

3. The national flag of India was adopted in its present form during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly held on 22 July 1947, when it became the official flag of the Dominion of India.

4. A tricolour flag was first accepted by the Indian national congress in 1931, having chakra in place of today’s chakra.

5. Saffron colour shows courage, sacrifice, and renunciation. White colour shows truth and purity in thoughts and dark green is the symbol of life prosperity.

6. A wheel (chakra) in the centre of the white stripe is the symbol of progress and movement. It has 24 spokes.

7. The National Flag of India, by law, is to be made of khadi, a special type of hand-spun cloth of cotton or silk made popular by Mahatma Gandhi.

8. Supreme Court declared the right to hoist Flag as the fundamental right under Article 19 (i) (a) of the constitution in 2002.

9. The flag was designed by the Pingali Venkayya, an agriculturist and Indian freedom fighter.

10. The flag was hoisted first time by Sachindra Prasad Bose in 1906 in Calcutta and later on in the year 1907, as another tricolour flag was unfurled by the Madam Bhikaji Kama in Stuttgart.

11. The first flag committee was headed by Dr. Rajendra Prasad.

12. The right to manufacture the national flag of India is held by the Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission, which in turn allocates it to the regional groups.

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Code of Conduct for National Flag:

Being a national symbol it is respected by every Indian. There are certain dos and don'ts laid down for common people regarding the Indian flag:

1. When the National Flag is raised the saffron colour band should be at the top.

2. No flag or emblem should be placed either above the National Flag or to its right.

3. All other flags to be placed to the left of the National Flag if they are hung in a line.

4. When the National Flag is carried out in a procession or parade, it shall be on the marching right or in front of the center of the line, if there is a line of other flags.

5. Normally the National Flag should be flown over important government buildings like the Rashtrapati Bhawan, the Parliament House, the Supreme Court of India, the High Courts, the Secretariats, the Commissioners' office, etc.

6. The National Flag or any imitation of it must not be used for the purpose of trade, business, or profession.

7. The National Flag should always be taken down in the evening at sunset.

The journey of National Flag:

Jagranjosh

Jagranjosh

Note: Recently the government has allowed hoisting of the tricolour at all the central universities in India.

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Important Days and Dates in January 2021

FAQ

Who found the India flag?

Mahatma Gandhi first proposed a flag to the Indian National Congress in 1921. The flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya.

Who hoisted the Indian flag first in India?

The flag was hoisted first time by Sacchindra Prasad Bose in 1906 in Calcutta and later on in the year 1907, as another tricolour flag was unfurled by the Madam Bhikaji Kama in Stuttgart.

What do the 3 colours of the flag mean?

Indian National Flag is also known as Tiranga -"tri-colour". The three colours are Saffron-Symbol of courage and sacrifice, White- Symbol of honesty, peace, and purity, and Green-Symbol of life and prosperity.
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