National Youth Day is also known as Yuva Diwas and is celebrated every year on 12th January to create awareness amongst the people, youth about the importance of Rights in India. This day makes people come closer and understand each other in performing task properly. But do you know why National Youth Day is celebrated on 12 January, what is its importance, how it is celebrated, what is the history behind its celebration, who was Swami Vivekananda, etc. Let us study through this article.
Why National Youth Day is celebrated on 12 January?
National Youth Day is celebrated to commemorate the birthday of Swami Vivekananda. He was a social reformer, philosopher and thinker. The main objective behind the celebration is to propagate the philosophy and the ideals of Swami Vivekananda for which he lived and worked. No doubt he was a great inspiration for all National Youth of India. Across the country, several functions are organised in schools, colleges etc.
National Youth Day: History
In 1984, Indian Government first declared to celebrate the birthday of Swami Vivekananda i.e. 12 January as National Youth Day. Since then from 1985, it is started celebrating as the National Youth Day all over the country. The main aim of the Government is to make better future of the country by motivating the youths through the way of their life and ideas of the Swami Vivekananda. It is the great way to wake up the eternal energy of the youths as well as to make country developed.
National Youth Day: Celebration
National Youth Day or Yuva Diwas or birthday of Swami Vivekananda is celebrated every year at many centres of Ramakrishna Math, Ramakrishna Mission and their branches with great enthusiasm and joy according to the Indian culture and tradition. A great mangal aarti, devotional songs, meditation, religious speech, sandhya aarti etc. are performed.
Also, at various schools, colleges it is celebrated by performing the parade, speech on Swami Vivekananda, recitations, songs, conventions, essay-writing competition, seminar etc. To inspire the Indian youths writings and lectures of Swami Vivekananda are also performed by the students. Several competitions are also performed not only in India but outside the country to promote education, trust among youths etc. to make country developed. In UP an event for two days for all the age groups is also organised by the Mission Bhartiyam. Do you know this event is known as Basti Yuva Mahotsav and it includes several activities?
Let us tell you that the Chief Minister of Jharkhand Raghubar Das will be unveiling Swami Vivekananda's bronze statue on the occasion of National Youth Day on 12th January 2019. Vivekananda statue will be the tallest in India with 33 feet height. At district level National Youth Day will also be celebrated at Sports Hall of Children, Solan, Himachal Pradesh on 12 January. From 13 January to 19 January a 'Youth Week' will also be organised which will include debate competitions, essay competitions, painting competitions etc.
National Youth Day: Theme
Theme of 2018 was "Sankalp Se Siddhi".
Theme of 2017 was "Youth for Digital India".
Theme of 2016 was "Indian Youth for Development, Skill and Harmony".
About Swami Vivekananda
“Arise! Awake! and stop not until the goal is reached.” – Swami Vivekananda
“The greatest religion is to be true to your own nature. Have faith in yourselves.” ― Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda's pre-monastic name was Narendra Nath Dutta. He was born on 12 January, 1863 at Kolkata (previously Callcutta) and died on 4 July, 1902. His father name was Vishwanath Dutta and mother's name was Bhuvaneshwari Devi. He belonged to well-off family. His father died suddenly at a young age and this broke the financial backbone of his family and was pushed into poverty. Despite being a good student, he failed to get the job for a very long time. He used to ask job from door to door but he didn’t get job and so he became atheist. One of his English professors introduced him with the name of 'Shri Ramkrishna Paramhamsa' and in 1881, he met with Shri Ramakrishna Paramhamsa at Dakshineshwar's Kali temple and became a disciple of Saint Ramakrishna Paramhamsa. He introduced Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to the Western World. He was extremely patriotic towards India and is considered a hero for his contributions to the philosophies of his country. He also drew attention to the wide-spread poverty in India and for the development of the country poverty issue should be taken seriously. He is best known for his speech at the Parliament of the World's Religions in Chicago in 1893 when he began his speech while saying "Sisters and brothers of America....." and he introduced India's culture, its importance, Hinduism etc.
Therefore, Swami Vivekananda is the man of wisdom, faith, a true philosopher whose teachings not only motivated youth but also paved the way for the development of the country. So, that is why 12 January is celebrated as a National Youth Day every year in India with joy and enthusiasm.