Top 10 Deadliest Volcanic Eruptions of Human History: Complete List here

In the article below, check the deadliest and worst volcanic eruptions that mankind has ever seen. These volcanic eruptions have claimed the maximum lives and damaged maximum property on the people. Take a look at the list below.
Created On: Oct 22, 2021 17:41 IST
Modified On: Oct 22, 2021 17:49 IST
Top 10 Deadliest Volcanic Eruptions
Top 10 Deadliest Volcanic Eruptions

Recently Japan has had another volcanic eruption when Mount Aso started throwing plumes of smoke and ash into the skies on October 21, 2021. No injuries were reported so far. The eruption occurred around 11:43 am IST as reported by Japan Meteorological Agency. 

Volcanic Eruptions are the necessity of the Earths Geology and magnetic field. However, there have been some deadly volcanic eruptions that have caused massive losses to humanity. Take a look at such deadliest volcanic eruptions of human history. 

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List of Deadliest Volcanic Eruptions in Human History:

The evaluation of the deadliest volcanic eruptions can be done by noting the number of deaths that were caused due to them. In descending order of the eruptions and the number of deaths that occurred, take a look at the table below to know the worst eruptions of human history.  

Volcano Name

Year (AD)

Death Toll

Tambora, Indonesia



Krakatau, Indonesia



Mount Pelee, Martinique



Ruiz, Colombia



Unzen, Japan



Laki, Iceland



Kelut, Indonesia



Galunggung, Indonesia



Vesuvius, Italy



Vesuvius, Italy



The worst eruption would be noted as the Mount Tambora volcanic eruption in Indonesia that happened in 1815. The massive amount of Lava killed 92000 people. It was the most powerful volcanic eruption in human history. This had a volcanic explosivity index of 7. The eruption ejected 160-213 cubic kilometres of material into the atmosphere. 

In 1883, Mount Krakatoa erupted in Sunda Strait and the flow of lava lasted for months. The eruptions began on 20th May 1883 and lasted till 27th August 1883 when more than 70% of the island of Krakatoa was destroyed collapsing into an archipelago.  This claimed more than  36000 lives. 

The eruption of Mount Pelée in 1902 was a volcanic eruption that shook history as well. It exists on the island of Martinique in the Lesser Antilles Volcanic Arc of the eastern Caribbean. The eruptive activity started on 23 April 1902 as a series of phreatic explosions from the summit of Mount Pelée and claimed more than 29000 lives at that time. 

On November 13, 1985, the Nevado del Ruiz volcano which is about 130 kilometres from Colombia's capital city of Bogota, erupted and within 3 hours of its eruption, the Earth rumbled as mudflows towering almost 30 metres swept through the countryside. It killed more than 70% of the residents of the city. 

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