India elected non-permanent member of UNSC: Know key Benefits of this membership
Facts about the United Nations Organisation (UNO)
Establishment: 24 October 1945
Headquarter: New York City (USA)
Permanent members: 5
Name of Permanent members:-United States, Russian Federation, China, France, and the United Kingdom.
Official languages:- Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
The good news for all Indians is that India has been elected as a non-permanent member of the powerful United Nations Security Council for a two-year term starting for the 2021-22 term.
India needs to secure the support of 2/3 members of 193 Member States present for voting. India got 184 votes which is higher than the required vote of 128.
Previous non-permanent membership of India:-
India has been elected as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Council for the years 1950-1951, 1967-1968, 1972-1973, 1977-1978, 1984-1985, 1991-1992, 2011-2012 and recently in 2020.
The tenure of India will start from 2021 and continue till 2022. The General Assembly elects five non-permanent members for a two-year term each year. The 10 non-permanent seats are distributed on a regional basis.
These regions are; one for the Eastern European States; two for the Latin American and Caribbean States; and two for Western Europe and other States while five for African and Asian States.
Non Permanent member are:
1. Dominican Republic (2020)
2. South Africa (2020)
3. Indonesia (2020)
4. Belgium (2020)
5. Germany (2020)
6. Estonia (2021)
7. Niger (2021)
8. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2021)
9. Tunisia (2021)
10. Viet Nam (2021)
Advantages of being a UNO member are:
1. Economical Assistance:- The members of the UN easily get financial assistance from the United Nation’s special agencies, the World Bank Group, and the IMF. This loan can be used to develop the infrastructure of the country and boost the country’s economy. This loan is not given to non-UN members.
2. Aid and assistance: The UN member gets the worldwide financial and technical help during the occurrence of major disasters such as a major tsunami or flood, epidemic, earthquake and drought.
3. Help to the health sector of a country: The World Health Organization (WHO), an agency of the UN helps the member countries to improve maternal health and the fight against HIV/AIDS and malaria, and to reduce child/maternal mortality rate and malnutrition in the children. The African continent is the biggest beneficiary of such assistance.
4. Protection of Human rights in the country:- The members of the UNO are bound to follow the rules and principles of the UN.
One of the basic rules and principles of the UN is that all member countries must respect fundamental human rights. As a result of this discrimination on the basis of race, sex, or religion and colour are prohibited.
5.Protection of the sovereignty of the country:- If a country is a member of the UN then no other country can attack on the sovereignty of UN member country. If it does so, UNO imposes sanctions against the violent country.
So the elevation of India for the post of the non-permanent members is a good achievement. Now India would be able to put its matters in the UN strongly.