The Climate Change is one of the environmental issues that challenge the future of human life on the Earth.
What is Climate Change?
The term "climate change" is often used to refer specifically to anthropogenic climate change. It can be defined as the long term climate variation due to the ascending of the average surface temperature on the Earth for at least a few decades, and maybe for millions of years. It is a phenomenon that affects the regional and global climate.
Global Warming Vs Climate Change
We often use global warming and climate change as synonyms, but there is much difference between both the terms. The global warming is an increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere, whereas the climate change is a resultant of the global warming.
What causes climate change?
The primary factor that causes the climate change is the burning of fossil fuel, which emits carbon dioxide and other greenhouse into the air. Deforestation is also one the factor in climate change because it contributes to the proliferation of greenhouse gases.
The solar energy determines the equilibrium of the climate and temperature on the Earth. This energy distributed around the Earth by winds, ocean currents, and other mechanisms affect the region as well as the global climate. If the flow of energy gets disturbed for at least a few decades, and maybe for millions of years due to the emission of greenhouse gases, then it will disturb the equilibrium of temperature and climate and finally the issues like climate change arises.
How does Climate Change affect us?
The Earth is the only known a terrestrial planet where all forms of life: from basic living micro-organisms to highly sophisticated and intelligent human beings exists. This is because it has favourable climatic condition, get optimum level of solar energy, water and gravitational pull.
If the flow of energy gets disturbed then it affects every factor that supports the life system on the Earth. In other words, we can say that the climate change affects the Earth's geological, biological and ecological systems which are accompanied by the extreme weather, ozone depletion, increased danger of wildland fires, loss of biodiversity, stresses to food-producing systems and the global spread of infectious diseases.
The rise of temperature increases the average temperature of the Earth which will increase the sea level due to the melting of polar ice caps that will most likely produce flood like situation which will threats the coastal environments. The increase ocean temperature will contribute stronger and more frequent storms.
Apart from all the consequences, the climate change primarily challenge the adaption process on the Earth through various factors.
Measures to reduce the impact of Climate change
1. Reduce the dependency on the fossil fuel and increase the use of renewable source of energy like solar energy, wind energy etc.
2. Use fuel efficient vehicle like Bharat stage emission standards engine.
3. Optimise the fuel consumption and limit the use of carbon polluters.
4. Plant more and more trees to reduce the impact of deforestation.