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Which States of India share boundaries with Bangladesh?

India has 15,106.7 km of land border and a coastline of 7,516.6 Km including island territories. In total, India shares land borders with 6 sovereign countries and Bangladesh is one of those. Let us find out Indian states which share borders with Bangladesh.
Jul 8, 2019 12:09 IST
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Which States of India share boundaries with Bangladesh?
Which States of India share boundaries with Bangladesh?

India share borders with Bangladesh, China, Pakistan, Nepal, Myanmar, Bhutan and Afghanistan. The longest border is shared by Bangladesh which is 4096.70 Km (2,545-mile).  Also, it is the fifth-longest land border in the World.

Indian states that share borders with Bangladesh are: Assam, West Bengal, Mizoram, Meghalaya and Tripura.

The State-wise length of the borders is as under:

State

Total Length (in Km)

West Bengal

2216.70

Assam

263.00

 

Meghalaya

443.00

Tripura

856.00

Mizoram

318.00

TOTAL

4096.70

1. West-Bengal: West-Bengal is located in the eastern part of India.
- In the north it is bounded by the state of Sikkim and the country of Bhutan.
- To the North-East, it is bounded by the state of Assam.
- To the East, it is bounded by the country of Bangladesh.
- To the South, it is bounded by the Bay of Bengal.
- To the South-West, it is bounded by the state of Odisha.
- To the West, it is bounded by the states of Jharkhand and Bihar and
- To the North-West, it is bounded by the country Nepal.
The capital of West-Bengal is Kolkata. It is spread over an area of 34,267 square miles (88,752 square km) with a population of 91,347,736 (2011). It is fifth most populated state in India. West-Bengal has a tropical climate i.e. it is very hot and humid in summer and cool in winter. The name of Bengal or Bangla is derived from the ancient kingdom of Vanga, or Banga.

Sex Ratio of Indian States & UTs as Per Census 2011

2. Assam: Assam is located in the north-eastern part of India.
- In the North, it is bounded by the kingdom of Bhutan and state of Arunachal Pradesh.
- To the East, it is bounded by the states of Nagaland and Manipur.
- To the South, it is bounded by the states of Mizoram and Tripura and
- To the West it is bounded by Bangladesh and states of Meghalaya and West Bengal.
Let us tell you that the name of Assam is derived from the word asama which means "peerless"" in Ahom language. Capital of Assam is Dispur. Assam is spread over an area of 30,285 square miles (78,438 square Km) with a population of 31,169,272 (2011). The climate of Assam is typically ‘Tropical Monsoon Rainforest' with high levels of humidity and heavy rainfall. Several wildlife sanctuaries are present in Assam out of which prominent are two UNESCO World Heritage Sites namely the Kaziranga national park on the bank of Brahmaputra River and the Manas Wildlife Sanctuary near the border with Bhutan. Assamese is the major indigenous and official language while Bengali is the official language in the three districts of the Barak valley. The total literacy rate of Assam is 72.19%.

Jagranjosh

3. Meghalaya : It is located in the North-Eastern part of the country.
- To the North and North-East, it is bounded by the Indian state Assam.
- To the South and South-West, it is bounded by Bangladesh.
The capital of Meghalaya is Shillong which is located in the east-central Meghalaya. Do you know that Meghalaya is derived from two words namely alaya which means "abode" and megha which means "of the clouds". In 1972, it became a state. It spreads over an area of 8,660 square miles (22,429 square Km) with a population of 2,964,007 (2011). Generally, the climate of Meghalaya is mild. Let us tell you that one of the world's wettest regions is found in Meghalaya that is Cherrapunji with an annual precipitation of about 450 inches during monsoon season. Language spoken are: Khasi, Pnar, Garo and English and Literacy rate of Meghalaya is 75.48%.

4. Tripura : It is located in the North-Eastern part of the Country.
- To the North-West and South, it is bordered with Bangladesh.
- To the East, it is bordered by the state of Mizoram.
- To the North-East, it is bordered by the state of Assam.
It is among the smallest of India's states. Its capital is Agartala situated near the border of Bangladesh in the north-western part of the state. Spreads over an area of 4,049 square miles (10,486 square Km) with a population of 36,73,917 (2011). Official languages are Bengali, Kokborok and English. Whereas other languages spoken are Mogh, Chakma, Halam, Garo, Bishnupriya Manipuri, Manipuri, Hindi, Oriya etc. Literacy rate of Tripura is 87.8% (as recorded in 2011 census).

5. Mizoram: It is located in the North-Eastern part of the Country.
- To the East and South, it is bounded by Myanmar.
- To the West, it is bounded by Bangladesh.
- To the North-West, it is bounded by the state of Tripura.
- To the North by Assam and to the north-east by Manipur.
The capital of Mizoram is Aizwal which is situated in the north-central part of the state. Mizoram means "Land of the Mizos" which was known as the Lushai Hills District of Assam before it was renamed the Mizo Hills District in 1954. Under the name of Mizoram, it became a centrally administered Union Territory in 1972 and in 1987 it achieved statehood. It is spread over an area of 8,139 square miles (21,081 square Km) with a population of 1,091,014 (census 2011). The climate of Mizoram is moderate. It is one of the most sparsely populated states of India.  Literacy rate in Mizoram is 91.33% as per 2011 census.

These are the Indian states that share boundaries with Bangladesh.

Boundary

Name of Indian States

 

Bangladesh share boundary with:

West Bengal

Assam

Meghalaya

Tripura

Assam

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