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Which States of India share boundaries with Pakistan?

As we know that before partition in 1947, India and Pakistan were one nation but after the partition India was divided in to two countries namely Dominion of Pakistan and Union of India. Let us find out Indian states which share borders with Pakistan.
Jul 10, 2019 16:58 IST
India-Pakistan border

India-Pakistan border is also known as International Border (IB). It is stretched from Jammu and Kashmir at the north to the Zero Point between Gujarat in India and Sindh province in Pakistan. The total length of India-Pakistan border is 3,323 kilometres. Let us tell you that the India-Pakistan border can be seen from space at night because India has installed around 1, 50,000 flood lights on around 50,000 poles. Therefore, it is also considered as world's one of the most dangerous borders.

Indian states that share borders with Pakistan are: Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Punjab.

The State-wise length of the borders is as under:

State

Total Length (in Km)

Jammu and Kashmir

1,222 Km

Rajasthan

1,170 Km

Gujarat

      506 Km      

                    Punjab                   

425 Km

TOTAL

3,323 Km

 

  1. Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir is located in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent in the Karakoram Range and westernmost Himalayan mountain ranges. It is one of the largest princely states of India.

- It is bounded to the North-East by Uygur an Autonomous Region of Xinjiang (China).

- To the East, it is bounded by the Tibet Autonomous Region (China) and the Chinese-administered portions of Kashmir.

- To the South, it is bounded by the Indian States of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab.

- To the South-West, it is bounded by Pakistan.

- To the North-West, it is bounded by the Pakistani-administered portion of Kashmir.

Srinagar is the administered capital in summer and Jammu in winter. Jammu and Kashmir is spread in an area of 222,236 sq.km. According to 2011 Census, population is 12,541,302. Literacy rate is 67.16% and languages spoken are Urdu, Dogri, Kashmiri, Pahari, Ladakhi, Balti, Gojri and Dari. In Jammu and Kashmir the majority of people are engaged in subsistence agriculture of diverse kinds on terraced slopes and each crop adapted to local conditions. Article 370 of Indian Constitution, provides Jammu and Kashmir a special autonomy.

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  1. Rajasthan

Rajasthan state is located in the North-Western part of Indian subcontinent.

- It is bounded to the North and North-East by the states of Punjab and Haryana.

- To the East and South-East, it is bounded by the states of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

- To the South-West, it is bounded by the state of Gujarat.

- To the West and North-West, it is bounded by the provinces of Sindh and Punjab in Pakistan.

The capital city of Rajasthan is Jaipur which is also famous as Pink City. It is situated in the East-Central part of the state. The meaning of Rajasthan is "The Abode of the Rajas" and formerly known as Rajputana that is "The Country of the Rajputs". After Independence in 1947, the princely states and chiefships were integrated into India in stages and the state took the name as Rajasthan. On 1st November, 1956, it assumed its present form, when the States Reorganisation Act came into force. It is spread in an area of 342,239 sq.km. It is also India's largest state by area. According to 2011 Census its population is 68,548,437.  Literacy rate is 66.1%. Languages spoken are Hindi, Marwari, Jaipuri, Mewari, Malvi and English. The Rajasthan climate varies from extremely arid to humid.

India-Pakistan border facts

  1. Gujarat

Gujarat state is located on the country's western coast, on the Arabian Sea. It encompasses the entire Kathiawar peninsula (Saurashtra) as well as surrounding area on the mainland.

- To the North-West, it is bounded by the Pakistan.

- To the North, it is bounded by the Rajasthan.

- To the East, it is bounded by the Madhya Pradesh.

- To the South-East, it is bounded by the Maharashtra and by the Union Territories of Diu, Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

- To the South and South-West, it is bordered with the Arabian Sea.

The coastline of Gujarat is 992 miles (1,596 km) long. The capital of Gujarat is Gandhinagar. The State took its name from the Gujjars, who ruled the area during the 700’s and 800’s. On the basis of language, the state assumed its present form in 1960, when the former Bombay state was divided between Maharashtra and Gujarat. Gujarat is spread in an area of 196,024 sq.km. According to 2011 Census, population of Gujarat is 60,383,628. Literacy rate is 79.31%. Languages spoken are Gujarati, English, Hindi and other languages.

  1. Punjab

Punjab is located in the North-Western part of the Indian subcontinent.

- To the North, it is bounded by the Indian state Jammu and Kashmir.

- To the North-East, it is bounded by the Himachal Pradesh.

- To the South and South-East, it is bounded by the Haryana.

- To the South-West, it is bounded by the Rajasthan.

- To the West, it is bounded by the Pakistan.

Punjab came into existence in its present form on 1 November, 1966. Chandigarh is the joint capital of Punjab and Haryana. The word Punjab is made up of two Persian words namely panj means five and ab means water. This signifies the land of five waters or rivers namely the Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi and Sutlej. The Punjab State is divided into three regions: Majha, Doaba and Malwa. Punjab is spread in an area of 50,362 sq.km. According to 2011 Census, population is 2,77,43,338. Its climate is continental, being semiarid to sub humid. Literacy rate is 75.84%. Languages spoken are: Punjabi, Hindi, Urdu and English.

These are the Indian states that share boundaries with Pakistan.

Boundary

Name of Indian States

Pakistan share boundary with:

Jammu and Kashmir

Rajasthan

Gujarat

Punjab

 

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