World Asthma Day 2019: Theme, History and Objective

World Asthma is observed every year on first Tuesday of May. This year it will be celebrated on 7 May, 2019 to increase awareness worldwide among people about this chronic respiratory disease, its precautions and prevention. Let us tell you that Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease due to which patient is not able to breathe properly. Let us see through this article about asthma disease, its symptoms, prevention, control measures, why and how World Asthma Day is celebrated.
May 6, 2019 13:27 IST
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World Asthma Day 2018: History and Theme
World Asthma Day 2018: History and Theme

Annually this event is organised by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) to spread the asthma awareness and care around the world. Nowadays, this disease is prevalent in children also.

Do you know that the celebration of World Asthma Day was first started in the year 1998 by the initiation of GINA after the first World Asthma meeting in the Barcelona, Spain and now it is celebrated in more than 35 countries. It aims to educate people on how best to get control over this respiratory problem and other allergic diseases.

Theme of World Asthma Day 2019

The theme of World Asthma Day 2019 is "STOP for Asthma”. Here the theme represents symptom evaluation, test response, observe, assess and proceed to adjust treatment.The Global Initiative of Health (GINA) will organise checkup camps across the world to diagnose and treat asthma. Even National Institutes of Health (NIH) also organise medical camps, provide free checkups and medicines for the patients suffering from Asthma.

What is Asthma?

Asthma is a long-term chronic lung disorder which affects the lungs and the way that we breathe. It is a non-communicable disease. It is caused due to the inflammation in the airways and is incurable disease.

Nowadays, it is most common chronic condition in children. In this disease the airways become narrower and are filled with mucus which further blocks the airflow.

If asthma is not controlled in time, it could leave a person breathless.

It can be caused due to allergic reactions from dust, smoke, fumes, pollen grains, grass, chemical irritants in the workplace, air pollution etc.

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Do you know that if a person is suffering from Asthma, the inside walls of the airways which is known as bronchial tubes become swollen or inflamed. Due to which they become extremely sensitive to irritations and increase their susceptibility to an allergic reaction.

When a person is suffering from an allergic reaction, the airways get swollen, the muscles around it become tighten and make it difficult for air to move in and out of the lungs. There are several types of Asthma disease and various factors are responsible for the cause of the disease.

Symptoms of Asthma

As we know that currently there is no cure for Asthma disease but symptoms can be controlled via treatment. It is better to take prevention and control measures like make learn people about asthma, its signs and symptoms, avoid tobacco smoking, air pollution, cold and flu etc. From person to person its signs and symptoms may vary. Some symptoms of Asthma are:

- Wheezing

- Breathlessness

- Coughing

- Chest tightness or pain

- Shortness of breath due to which person not able to breathe properly.


Is Asthma a curable disease?

As we have discussed above Asthma can't be cured, but if managed properly with the right treatment at right time it can be controlled to prevent patients from having asthma attacks or reduce the number of asthmatic patients.

Special inhaler or daily medicine can be taken for the treatment of Asthma disease.

Also, patient should avoid going in smoky area. Hee or she should know why and how asthma possibility increases.

Asthma patients use inhalers so that they can breathe properly with the help of medicine. This medicine reaches their lungs quickly and starts to make them feel better.

How World Asthma Day is celebrated?

As, on 1st tuesday of May World Asthma Day is celebrated annually, so May month is considered as Asthma Awareness Month.

To encourage the people to take care of their asthma “National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP)” is organised.

- Those who are suffering from Asthma are encouraged to write Asthma Action Plan (AAP) like what medication and facility they want to take care of asthma disease.

- NAEPP’s biggest step is APP taken to bring together the clinicians, patients and others who take care of the asthmatic patients to work together jointly in order to seize control over the asthma.

Some activities that are performed:

- To start with the best treatment Asthma free check up camps are organised.

- In the required areas new asthma clinics and pharmacies are opened.

- In several countries Asthma Societies celebrates World Asthma Day on national level.

- Through TV channel and news channels various awareness messages are distributed like “fighting asthma with every breath”.

- Several schools provide classes to spread awareness about Asthma disease, its symptoms, precautions and preventions.

- For the awareness of the public Asthma posters, banners are distributed in many areas.

We have seen that Asthma is a chronic lung disorder and if we take proper precaution it can be controlled. To spread awareness among people on 1st May World Asthma Day is celebrated worldwide.

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